In Paris, he taught anatomy and was the author of numerous medical publications. He was the first to give a description of a hernial protrusion of an intestinal diverticulum. This condition is now referred to as "Littré's hernia".
- Not on July 21, as has been repeated by all his biographers after Fontenelle, but on July 17, 1654: Charles Portal. Histoire de la ville de Cordes, Tarn (1222-1799). Imprimerie Nouguiès, 1902, p. 471. Portal, who wrote the history of Littré's native town, was in a position to access official records.
- Littre's hernia @ Who Named It
- Littre's glands @ Who Named It
- Littreitis @ Who Named It
- Canadian Practitioner, Volume 31
- Atlas of Intestinal Stomas edited by Victor W. Fazio, James M. Church, James S. Wu
- Great Ideas in the History of Surgery by Leo M. Zimmerman, Ilza Veith
- Online articles by Littré 10 articles (2012-05-15) on the site of the Académie des sciences.
- Cotlar, Alvin M. (January 2002). "Historical landmarks in operations on the colon—surgeons courageous". Current Surgery. Elsevier. 59 (1): 91–95. doi:10.1016/s0149-7944(01)00606-7. ISSN 0149-7944. PMID 16093113.
- Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, Éloge de Monsieur Littré, p. 129, at Google Books, 1754, p. 129 (Eulogy)