A delta fiber

A delta fiber

A delta fiber not labeled, but fibers terminate at Rexed lamina I, labeled at upper left.

Anatomical terminology

An A delta fiber or Aδ fiber is a type of sensory nerve fiber. A delta fibers carry cold, pressure and some pain signals. Because A delta fibers are thinly myelinated, they send impulses faster than unmyelinated C fibers, but more slowly than other, more thickly myelinated "A" class fibers.

The fibers terminate at Rexed laminae I and V.[1]


They are thin (2 to 5 μm in diameter), myelinated axons with a moderate conduction velocity, or speed of travel of a nerve signal (2 to 30 m/s). These nerve fibers are associated with acute (sharp) pain and therefore constitute the afferent portion of the reflex arc that results in "pulling away" from noxious stimuli (e.g. retracting your hand away from a hot stove). A certain proportion of Aδ fibers are also associated with sensations of temperature (also known as 'cold receptors' in mammals) and pressure. Slowly conducting, unmyelinated C fibers, by contrast, carry slow, burning pain.

Like other sensory fibers, the Aδ fiber is an extension of a pseudounipolar neuron with its cell body located in a dorsal root ganglion or trigeminal ganglion. Within the spinal cord, afferent nociceptor fibers synapse at or near the spinal cord level where they enter.

See also


  1. Basbaum et al. 2009. Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Pain. Cell 139. DOI 10.1016/j.cell.2009.09.028 – Available at http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0092867409012434/1-s2.0-S0092867409012434-main.pdf?_tid=1ad886f0258c3fb66e249ad7a37df3e2&acdnat=1337524198_340d33507bdc41242daa6a3a72b2cf0a

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/15/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.