Yelabuga (English)
Елабуга (Russian)
Алабуга (Tatar)
-  Town[1]  -

Kazanskaya Street in Yelabuga

Location of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia
Location of Yelabuga in the Republic of Tatarstan
Coordinates: 55°46′N 52°05′E / 55.767°N 52.083°E / 55.767; 52.083Coordinates: 55°46′N 52°05′E / 55.767°N 52.083°E / 55.767; 52.083
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of February 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of republic significance of Yelabuga[1]
Administrative center of town of republic significance of Yelabuga,[1] Yelabuzhsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2011)
Municipal district Yelabuzhsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Yelabuga Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Yelabuzhsky Municipal District,[2] Yelabuga Urban Settlement[2]
Population (2010 Census) 70,728 inhabitants[3]
- Rank in 2010 222nd
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded second half of
the 16th century
Postal code(s)[5] 423600
Dialing code(s) +7 85557
Yelabuga on Wikimedia Commons
The Devil's Tower (Şaytan qalası), a unique architectural monument surviving from Volga Bulgaria
Spasskaya Street
Gassara Street

Yelabuga (Russian: Ела́буга; Tatar: Cyrillic Алабуга, Latin Alabuğa, Arabic الابوعا) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kama River and 200 kilometers (120 mi) east from Kazan. Population: 70,728(2010 Census);[3] 68,663(2002 Census);[6] 53,537(1989 Census).[7]


The former name of the city was Alabuga. Its history dates back to the 10th century, when a Volga Bulgarian border castle, the so-called Alamir-Sultan castle was built by Bulgarian Khan Ibrahim in 985 CE. The castle was built on the place of the legendary tomb of Alamir-Sultan (Alexander the Great "Macedonian"). The name 'Alabuga' originally referred to the tower of the castle, later the whole city was named Alabuga. The castle was later abandoned, and its remains are now known as Şaytan qalası (Shaytan's castle). In the second half of the 16th century, a Russian village was founded on the same spot.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yelabuga serves as the administrative center of Yelabuzhsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the selo of Tarlovka, incorporated separately as the town of republic significance of Yelabuga—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Yelabuga is incorporated within Yelabuzhsky Municipal District as Yelabuga Urban Settlement.[2]


Oil industry is present in the town. In the 1990s, a Ford assembly plant operated in the town. In 2008, Sollers JSC built a new factory to produce the Fiat Ducato. There is also a factory for the production of household appliances: domestic oil electric heaters, electric meat grinders Italian group De'Longhi.

Public transportation needs are served by a bus and taxi networks. Plans for a trolleybus route are being discussed.

Notable people

The town is the birthplace of painter Ivan Shishkin. Nadezhda Durova, who, disguised as a man, was a highly decorated cavalry officer during the Napoleonic Wars died there in 1866. It is also where the Russian poet Marina Tsvetayeva committed suicide in 1941. The poet is buried at the municipal cemetery.


Near Yelabuga is the Nizhnyaya Kama National Park.

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Yelabuga is twinned with:



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Order #01-02/9
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #22-ZRT
  3. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.


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