Yang (state)

State of Yang
?–677 BC
Capital Not specified
Government Monarchy
King Shangfu [1]
   Established ?
   Conquered by Jin. 677 BC

Yang (State) (simplified Chinese: 杨国; traditional Chinese: 楊國) was a state established during the Western Zhou dynasty and the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China.[2][3][4]


Yang Boqiao

King Wu of Zhou granted Shu Yu of Tang a state named Tang. He was the son of King Wu of Zhou and the younger brother of King Cheng of Zhou. The State of Tang would later be renamed Jin by Shu Yu's son and successor, Xie.[5]

The Yang state was conquered by the Jin state during the reign of Duke Wu of Jin, and ancient lands of the Yang state were given to one of his sons named Ji Boqiao (姬伯僑) at 13th years old.[6] With the conquest of the Yang state, many people of Yang (楊) and descendants of Boqiao eventually took the name of their former country as their family name, and account for the majority of Chinese people with the family name Yang today.[7][8]


  1. (尚父)《新唐书·宰相世系表》:杨氏出自姬姓,周宣王子尚父封为杨侯。
  2. Bamboo Annals, "Annals of Wei".
  3. Schirokauer, Conrad; Brown, Miranda (2006). A Brief History of Chinese Civilization (Second ed.). Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.
  4. The Discourses of the States (國語) Chapter Discourses of Zheng (鄭語)
  5. Han, Zhaoqi (2010). "House of Jin". Annotated Shiji (in Chinese). Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 3093–3094. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
  6. 《新唐书·宰相世系表》
  7. "Yang Family History". Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  8. New Book of Tang
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