Xiaoshan is a district or borough of the city of Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province in China. Xiaoshan was formerly a city in its own right, separated by the Qiantang River from downtown Hangzhou, but the municipality was annexed by its more populous neighbor in 2001.
Xiaoshan District has a permanent residential population of 1.511 million and a non-permanent population of about 876,500 in addition. Most of the residents are Han people who speak a local variety of Wu Chinese in addition to Mandarin Chinese. The area's history of human settlement dates back to more than 8000 years ago, with an archeological site in Xiaoshan named Kuahuqiao, which in Chinese literarily means the "Bridge Striding across the Lake," producing strong evidence.
Xiaoshan's manufacturing-dominated economy makes it one of the affluent metropolitan districts in China. In 2012 it had a GDP of 161.2 billion CNY, which came down to around $17,000 per capita. Hangzhou's international airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, is located here. The area is also at the center of one of China's local real estate booms, as the demand for newer, more upscale housing by China's growing middle and upper classes has led to an explosion in construction of new high-rise residential towers and Western-style condominiums. Xiaoshan is also the site of Hangzhou Xiaoshan Sports Centre.
Xiaoshan Economic & Technological Development Zone
Xiaoshan Economic & Technological Development Zone was established in 1990. The zone is only 10 km away from Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, with Shanghai-Ningbo Expressway and Hangzhou-Qujiang Expressway passing through. Currently, it has formed leading industries including electronic communications, automobiles and auto parts, precision machinery, medical food, textiles, garments, chemical building materials.
- "联系我们 Archived May 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.." Loong Air. Retrieved on April 24, 2014. " 地址ADDESS [sic] 浙江省杭州市萧山国际机场5号路长龙航空办公大楼"
- (Chinese) Official website of Xiaoshan government