XA-180 (EST)


An Estonian XA-180EST in Afghanistan
Type Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin Finland
Service history
In service 58
2005–present day
Used by Estonia
Production history
Manufacturer Sisu Pasi
Produced 1986
Weight 13.5 tonnes
Length 7.35 m
Width 2.90 m
Height 2.77 m
Crew 2+16

Armour 10+3 mm
1x 12.7mm Browning machine gun
10000 rounds
Engine Valmet 611 DSBJA diesel engine
236 bhp
Power/weight 17.48 hp/tonne
Suspension 6×6 wheeled
900 km
Speed 100 km/h, swim 10 km/h

The XA-180 (also known as Patria Pasi) is a six-wheeled armoured personnel carrier (APC) originally designed for the Finnish Defence Forces. The first version was produced in 1983 and serial production began in 1984. The basic design was based on easy usage, simple basic structure and low cost maintenance. The basic appearance and configuration is similar to most wheeled APCs. In 2005 Estonia purchased a small amount of XA-180s from Finland.


Finland sold 60 APCs. 4 of them are medevac, 2 command and control and 3 communications vehicles .

XA-180EST is the Estonian model of XA-180. A total of 60 were purchased from Finland. There are 58 of them in service, two having been lost in Afghanistan. Altogether there were 51 APC units, two command and control units, three repair units and four medievac units. In 2005 there were delivered 30 APC configured units and four medievac units. The medievac units were equipped with air conditioning and floor heaters. The XA-180ESTs were equipped with Harris radios and 12,7 mm Browning machine guns. The XA-180ESTs had been manufactured in Finland in 1987-1989 and had between 10 000 km to 30 000 km. The engine will last about 120 000 km to 130 000 km before overhaul. Ten out of the sixty vehicles have taken part in peace-keeping operations and the others have been mainly stored or used in military training.[1]

Estonia wanted to buy 30 more XAs from Finland in 2008, but as a part of agreement, Finland wanted them not to be used outside the territory of Estonia, i.e. in international operations. Therefore Estonia purchased 81 units of XA-188 (similar to XA-180 but more heavily armored) from the Netherlands. It was one of the largest foreign military equipment purchases made by the Estonian army.

See also

Wikimedia Atlas of Estonia

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