|Date of birth:||June 18, 1937|
|Place of birth:||Wallace, North Carolina|
|Height:||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Weight:||225 lb (102 kg)|
|NFL Draft:||1959 / Round: 3 / Pick: 26|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Player stats at PFR|
Unable to come to terms with the Philadelphia Eagles, who had selected him in the 1959 NFL Draft, Carlton, a Duke University running back, traveled to Toronto and the Canadian Football League (CFL) to play for the Argonauts. His Canadian career lasted only four games before he declined a trade to Vancouver, British Columbia, and went home. But another league and another opportunity was in his future.
On September 18, 1960, in Buffalo's home opener, a 27–21 loss to the Denver Broncos, Carlton made history in the second quarter when he scored the team's first touchdown on a one-yard run. Carlton gained 1,010 yards from scrimmage (533 rushing abnd 477 receiving) and 11 touchdowns in the Bills first season.
Later he helped the Bills win back-to-back league championships in 1964 and 1965. Perennially among the AFL's top rushers, he led the league in rushing touchdowns in 1965 and was voted to the American Football League Eastern Division All-Star team in 1965 and 1966. Carlton was the Bills' all-time leading rusher during their AFL years, with a 4.1 yards per carry average.