Wellcome Research Laboratories

Wellcome Research Laboratories was a site in south-east London, namely Beckenham, that was a main research centre for pharmaceuticals. Until 1965, this laboratory site was situated in Kent.


Photo of Langley Court. Site of the Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories main building.

In 1894 Henry Wellcome set up a laboratory in central London to investigate a treatment for diphtheria. In 1898 it moved to Brockwell Hall in Herne Hill (now in Lambeth). In 1919 Henry Wellcome bought a 105-acre site in Beckenham, Kent, which cost £32,000. The site had belonged to the Langley family since 1350. Langley Court had been built in 1886 by James Bucknall, who lived in the house with his family until 1914.

It was named the Wellcome Research Laboratories[1] in 1946 after the Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories moved to the site. The Wellcome Trust had been set up in 1936, after the death in that year of Sir Henry Wellcome.


It closed in 1995 after Wellcome had been taken over by Glaxo in March 1995 to form Glaxo Wellcome. In December 2000, Glaxo Wellcome became GlaxoSmithKline, when it merged with SmithKline Beecham.


Staff at Langley Court in the 1930s


See also


  1. Information, Reed Business (4 October 1984). "New Scientist". Reed Business Information. Retrieved 18 August 2016 via Google Books.
  2. "Gertrude B. Elion - Facts". Retrieved 18 August 2016.

External links

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