Water (1985 film)

This article is about the 1985 comedy film. For the article about the Indian drama, see Water (2005 film).

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Dick Clement
Produced by Ian La Frenais
Denis O'Brien
George Harrison
Written by Dick Clement
Ian La Frenais
Bill Persky
Based on story by Bill Persky
Music by Mike Moran
Eric Clapton
Eddy Grant
George Harrison
Cinematography Douglas Slocombe
Distributed by Atlantic Releasing (USA)
Release dates
January 1985 (UK)
April 1986 (USA)
Running time
115 min.
Country United Kingdom
Language English

Water is a 1985 British comedy film scripted by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais, directed by Clement, and starring Michael Caine.

Plot summary

The story is set in the fictional Caribbean island and British colony of Cascara. Widely ignored by the British Government, media, and general public, local Governor Baxter Thwaites is having an easy life in his small and peaceful colony. That peace is disturbed when an abandoned oil rig starts delivering water - at the standard of the finest table water brands (and laxative companies, as it contains a substance that makes you "shit like clockwork"). Different parties, including Downing Street, the Cascara Liberation Front, the White House, French bottled water producers, and the Cubans take interest in the future of the island and threaten to destroy the cosy way of life enjoyed by the island's inhabitants.

The plot spoofs some elements of the comedies Carlton-Browne of the F.O. (1958) and Passport to Pimlico (1948) and the then-recent invasions of the Falkland Islands and Grenada.

The film stars Caine as Baxter Thwaites, a Governor who has 'gone native' (similarly to his role in The Honorary Consul), and Billy Connolly as local biracial activist Delgado, supported by the last performance of Leonard Rossiter, as Sir Malcolm Leveridge, and one of the last performances of Fulton Mackay.



The film is largely set on the fictional island of Cascara. In the film an oil well is re-opened and discovered to have mineral water with a 'slight laxative effect'. The island's name itself is a play on this as Cascara is the name of a plant (scientific name Rhamnus purshiana) which has laxative properties.


The film was one of three movies that HandMade Films intended to shoot in 1984, the others being A Private Function and a comedy from John MacKenzie, The Travelling Man (which ultimately would not be made). It was written by the experienced comedy duo Ian La Frenais and Dick Clement, who had just made Bullshot (1983) for HandMade.[1]

Le Frenais and Clement had made a television pilot in the USA with Bill Persky who came up with the idea of a fictional British colony in the Caribbean which sought independence. The three of them wrote a screenplay which Persky wanted to direct (he had made the film Serial (1980)) but they were unable to raise finance. Then when Clement and Le Frenais made Bullshot for Handmade they showed the script to Dennis O'Brien, head of the studio. "It was Denis who absolutely loved the script and really responded to it and said, 'Let's do it'," said Clement.[2]

Clement and Le Frenais wrote another draft of the script and sent it to Michael Caine, who loved it and wanted to make the film. Clement says, "We were thrilled because we knew that meant we would get the film made, and suddenly it was a go project."[2]

"I guess it was like an Ealing film," said Clement, "but it was not a conscious effort to recreate the that style. I can see the analogies with something like Passport to Pimlico."[3]

Denis O'Brien liked to use members of Monty Python in HandMade films and offered the role of Sir Malcolm Leveridge to John Cleese. Cleese read the script and turned it down; Leonard Rossiter played the role instead, in what turned out to be Rossiter's last film.[4]

The movie started filming in May 1984. The same month A Private Function also went into production and people who worked on that film felt their budget was sacrificed in order to fund Water.[5]

Shooting took place mostly on Saint Lucia. There were few filmmaking facilities so items had to be shipped there by sea. Studio work was done at Shepperton Studios in London and the oil rig scenes were shot in Devon.

At the time Billy Connolly was an emerging comedian, much admired by Denis O'Brien. "They were always trying to put him into a movie because Denis was convinced that Billy Connolly was the funniest man in Britain," said Clement. "He was way ahead of the pack there." O'Brien insisted that Connolly be in Bullshot and Water. "He was actually cast before anybody else," said Clement.[6]

Billy Connolly later recalled the making of the movie. "We went to Heathrow to fly out, and fly out we did. Not knowing that - there were no mobile phones then of course - they were racing up to tell us not to go. That the money had fallen through. But by the time the place landed in Saint Lucia, they'd got the money again!"[7]

The BBC television presenter Paul Heiney had a small part in the film as part of the In At The Deep End series.

Dick Clement later said, "We were rewriting the ending as we went along and that's never good... In hindsight, I always think you need to get those decisions out of the way before you get on the set. But, on the whole, it was a good shoot. Michael Caine was a fantastic trouper on the film, he was really a joy to work with, enormously supportive. I can’t be more appreciative of his work on it and how professional he was. In a way, Michael had the straightest part in the film, he was almost the straight man. He kept saying to me, 'You realise I'm having to carry all the plot here?'"[8]

Connolly said Caine "taught me so much, about how to be generous to other actors. We were climbing up a hill and we were being filmed from the top. Suddenly he went, oh! My leg! And he spoiled a whole take. So they said we're doing it again, and he whispered to me 'next time, move further to the right, they can't see you'. He was lovely."[7]

George Harrison normally did not get too involved in production of HandMade's films. However he helped out on Water by appearing in the concert at the end and getting his friends Eric Clapton and Ringo Starr to appear. "George was very leery of appearing in his own company's movies," says Clement, "that was a big help to the film. We called in a few favours and, obviously, the Harrison connection didn't hurt. We hoped that scene would be a big selling tool for the movie... didn't work out that way but it was a good idea."[9]

The concert scene was shot in a single day at Shepperton Studios. Clapton, Starr and Harrison were shot the musician's minimum rate for a playback session on set.[10]


The soundtrack principally featured reggae music by Eddy Grant and was released by Ariston Records.

Side 1
No. TitleWriter(s)Artist Length
1. "Water"  Eddy GrantEddy Grant 3:56
2. "Walking On Sunshine"  Eddy GrantEddy Grant 3:50
3. "All As One"  Ian La Frenais, Mike MoranLance Ellington 3:50
4. "The Cascaran National Anthem"  Bill Persky, Dick Clement, Ian La Frenais, Mike Moran  0:59
5. "Instrumental"  Mighty GabbyMighty Gabby 2:55
6. "Focus Of Attention"  Dick Clement, George Harrison, Mike MoranJimmy Helms 2:10
Side 2
No. TitleWriter(s)Artist Length
1. "Living On The Frontline"  Eddy GrantEddy Grant 3:40
2. "Cascara"  Mike MoranLance Ellington 3:48
3. "Jack"  Mighty GabbyMighty Gabby 4:45
4. "Celebration"  George Harrison, Mike MoranJimmy Helms 3:46
5. "Freedom"  Eric Clapton, Ian La FrenaisBilly Connolly, Chris Tummings, The Singing Rebel's Band 4:40
6. "Water (Instrumental)"  Eddy GrantEddy Grant 2:18

The Singing Rebel's Band consists of Eric Clapton, George Harrison, Ray Cooper, Jon Lord, Mike Moran, Chris Stainton and Ringo Starr, with backing singers Jenny Bogle and Anastasia Rodriguez.[11] It spoofs The Concert for Bangladesh organised by Harrison in 1971.


The film was released in London in January 1985. It was briefly in the top ten box office listing - along with A Private Function - but soon dropped out. It failed to recoup its costs and could not find an American distributor. When it was released there in April 1986 it failed at the box office there too.[3]


The film received a mixed review in the New York Times, which read in part "The folks who packaged this put-on operated on the theory that a lot of eccentric people doing nutty things produce hilarity. The ingredient missing from the fitfully amusing conglomeration of characters is a character for the whole. In kidding everything, the movie leaves us uncertain about whether anything is being seriously kidded."[12]

The Los Angeles Times called it "so refreshingly funny that you're tempted to forgive its tendency to run dry in its last half hour... boasts some of the wittiest lines heard on screen since A Private Function."[13]

Dick Clement later reflected:

I'm happier with Bullshot than I am with Water. I think Water just misses. I feel it's not quite connecting in the right way. I look back on it and I'm fairly uncomfortable. For me I always did have a problem with fictional countries or places, I always like things rooted a little bit more in reality. I have a feeling that kind of thing works perhaps in fiction, but I always find that film is a very literal medium, you've got to sell stuff on the screen and I think it was larger than life in a way that isn't quite comfortable on screen and I don't think I pulled it off... And again in hindsight as much as I love Billy Connolly I think a black guy in that part would have been better. I think that would've helped the credibility of making it a Caribbean island.[14]

Michael Palin later said the financial failure of the film "was a bit of a turning point in HandMade Films, that Water was such a disaster and yet so much money was put into it. Somehow the luck ran out because judgement up to that time had been pretty good."[3]


Water was first released on home video by Paramount Home Video on 1 February 1987. The film received its first DVD edition in North America in 2006, courtesy of Anchor Bay Entertainment.


  1. Sellers p 143
  2. 1 2 Sellers p 145
  3. 1 2 3 Sellers p 165
  4. Sellers p 146
  5. Sellers p 154
  6. Sellers p 156
  7. 1 2 Brew, Simon (24 September 2014). "Billy Connolly interview: What We Did, Muppets, X-Files". Den of Geek.
  8. Sellers p 155
  9. Sellers p 157
  10. Sellers p 158
  11. full cast list at IMDB
  12. "Michael Caine in Water", Walter Goodman, New York Times, 18 April 1986
  13. Thomas, Kevin (19 Apr 1986). "COME ON IN, THE 'WATER' IS REFRESHING". Los Angeles Times. p. E9.
  14. Sellers p 164-165
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