Waleran III, Duke of Limburg

Waleran III, Duke of Limburg

Seal of Waleran.
Spouse(s) Cunigunda of Lorraine
Ermesinda of Luxembourg
Noble family Ardennes-Verdun
Father Henry III of Limburg
Mother Sophie of Saarbrücken
Born c. 1165
Died 2 July 1226(1226-07-02)
Buried Rolduc Abbey
Waleran's new coat of arms, with a crown to symbolise his claim to Namur and two tails to symbolise his holding both Luxembourg and Limburg.

Waleran III (or Walram III) (c.1165 – 2 July 1226) was initially lord of Montjoie, then count of Luxembourg from 1214. He became count of Arlon and duke of Limburg on his father's death in 1221. He was the son of Henry III of Limburg and Sophia of Saarbrücken.

As a younger son, he did not expect to inherit. He carried on an adventurous youth and took part in the Third Crusade in 1192. In 1208, the imperial candidate Philip of Swabia died and Waleran, his erstwhile supporter, turned to his opponent, Otto of Brunswick. In 1212, he accompanied his first cousin Henry I, Duke of Brabant, to Liège, then in a war with Guelders. Waleran's first wife, Cunigunda, a daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Lorraine, died in 1214 and in May he married Ermesinda of Luxembourg,[1] and became count jure uxoris there. Ermesinda claimed Namur and so Waleran added a crown to his coat of arms to symbolise this claim.

In 1221, he inherited Limburg and added a second tail to the rampant lion on his arms. This symbolised his holding of two great fiefs. In 1223, he again tried to take Namur from the Margrave Philip II. He failed and signed a peace treaty on 13 February in Dinant. He then took part in various imperial diets and accompanied the Emperor Frederick II into Italy. Returning from there, he died in Rolduc.

Family and children

Waleran had four children by his first wife, Cunigunda of Lorraine, daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Lorraine, and three children by his second wife, Ermesinda of Luxembourg:

  1. Sophie (c. 1190 – 1226/27), married c. 1210 Frederick of Isenberg
  2. Matilda (c. 1192 – aft. 1234), married c. 1210 William III of Jülich, mother of William IV, Count of Jülich
  3. Henry IV, Duke of Limburg
  4. Waleran (c. 1200 – 1242), married Elisabeth of Bar, daughter of Ermesinda of Luxembourg by her first husband, Theobald I, Count of Bar
  5. Catherine (c. 1215 – 1255), married Matthias II, Duke of Lorraine, nephew of Waleran's first wife
  6. Henry V, Count of Luxembourg
  7. Gerhard, Count of Durbuy


  1. P. Péporté, Historiography, Collective Memory and Nation-Building in Luxembourg, (Brill, 2011), 109-110.

Waleran III, Duke of Limburg
Born: 1165 Died: 2 July 1226
Preceded by
Ermesinde and Theobald
Count of Luxemburg
with Ermesinde

Succeeded by
Preceded by
Henry III
Duke of Limburg
Succeeded by
Henry IV
Count of Arlon
Succeeded by
Henry V
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