Wahidi Bir Ali

Wahidi Sultanate of Bir ‘Ali
سلطنة واحدي بير علي
State of the Federation of South Arabia

Map of the Federation of South Arabia
Capital Bi'r `Ali
Government Sultanate
Historical era 20th century
  Established 1830
  Disestablished 1967

Wahidi Bir Ali (Arabic: واحدي بير علي Wāḥidī Bīr ‘Alī), or the Wahidi Sultanate of Bir Ali (Arabic: سلطنة واحدي بير علي Salṭanat al-Wāḥidī Bīr ‘Alī), was one of several Wahidi states in the British Aden Protectorate and the Protectorate of South Arabia. Its capital was Bi'r `Ali on the Gulf of Aden coast. The last Sultan, Alawi ibn Salih ibn Ahmad Al Wahidi, was deposed and the state was abolished in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen. The area is now part of the Republic of Yemen.[1]


The predecessor state, the Wahidi Sultanate (Saltanat al-Wahidiyya), was established at an uncertain date. In 1830 the Wahidi Sultanate split into four states:

On 4 May 1881 Ba´l Haf and `Azzan joined. In 1888 the Wahidi Sultanate of Ba´l Haf and `Azzan became a British protectorate. In 1895 Bi´r `Ali `Amaqin also came under British protection. On 23 Oct 1962 the joint sultanate was renamed Wahidi Sultanate (al-Saltana al-Wahidiyya), while Bi´r `Ali and Habban remained subordinate sultanates. On 29 Nov 1967 with the independence of the People's Republic of South Yemen all states were abolished.


The Sultans of the Wahidi Sultanate of Bi´r `Ali `Amaqin had the style of Sultan Bi'r `Ali `Amaqi al-Wahidi.[2]


See also


  1. Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000
  2. States of the Aden Protectorates

Coordinates: 14°01′30″N 48°20′31″E / 14.02500°N 48.34194°E / 14.02500; 48.34194

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