Waack/Punk is a form of dance created in the LGBT clubs of Los Angeles, during the 1970s disco era. Waacking consists of moving the arms to the music beat, typically in a movement of the arms over and behind the shoulder. Waacking also contains other elements such as posing and footwork. Waacking puts a strong emphasis on musicality and interpretation of the music and its rhythm. It also took inspiration stylistically from movie stars such as Lauren Bacall, Marlene Dietrich, Bette Davis and James Dean.
Waacking was popularized by Soul Train and influenced the creation of Outrageous Waacking Dancers, a Los Angeles-based waacking dance group. Waacking gained renewed attention through the American TV series So You Think You Dance in 2011 when a dance routine was choreographed by Kumari Suraj.
The dance has been incorporated by dance programs including the Department for Theatre and Dance at University of South Carolina.
The style of dance is famously performed by the character "Garnet" in the cartoon show "Steven Universe" as a catalyst for many of her magical powers, including summoning magical weapons and fusing with other characters.
- Edrich, Carole. The Joy of Dance: For Those Who Have Rhythm in Their Feet. Summersdale Publishers.
- McKay, Mary Jayne (2011-08-04). ""So You Think You Can Dance" introduces "waacking"". cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Overstreet, Amy (November 2012). "USC Dance Students Present Original Choreography in Fragments of Light". free-times.com. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- "Waacking - What is "waacking"?". toomuchflavour.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Dave (2010-12-16). "What is waacking: Aus Ninja (Imperial House of Waacking on the differences between waacking and vogue". toomuchflavour.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Outrageous Waack, Ebony, August 1978, p. 64-66.
- Fogarty, Mary. "Waacking, (Punking), Recycling, Schooling: Disco Dance on the Move". The Association of Dance of the African Diaspora.
- "I am Rebecca Sugar, creator of Steven Universe, and former Adventure Time storyboarder, AMA!". Interviewly. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- http://www.waacktitioners.co.uk/ - the UK's first official Waacking crew, formed in September 2009