WWE United States Championship
|WWE United States Championship|
The current United States Championship belt
|Date established||January 1, 1975|
|Current champion(s)||Roman Reigns|
|Date won||September 25, 2016|
The WWE United States Championship is a professional wrestling championship promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE on the Raw brand. Along with the Intercontinental Championship on the SmackDown brand, it is one of the two secondary titles of the promotion. It is currently held by Roman Reigns, who is in his first reign.
The United States Championship is the only active championship in WWE that was not originated in the promotion, as it was created by and promoted in Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling (later known as Jim Crockett Promotions and then World Championship Wrestling) on January 1, 1975 with Harley Race as the inaugural champion. After WCW was purchased by the then-WWF in 2001, the then-WCW United States Championship was defended in the WWF until it was unified with the Intercontinental Championship at that year's Survivor Series. After the 2002 brand extension, the championship was reactivated as the WWE United States Championship in July 2003 as a secondary title of the SmackDown brand.
The United States Championship began as a regional championship called the United States Heavyweight Championship. It was created by and defended in Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling (MACW) run by Jim Crockett Jr. Following the title's introduction in 1975, Harley Race became the inaugural champion on January 1. The title quickly replaced the NWA Mid-Atlantic Heavyweight Championship as the top singles title in the promotion. While the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) recognized only one World Heavyweight Champion, there was no single undisputed United States Champion as a number of NWA regional promotions recognized their own version of the title and champion. That changed, however, in January 1981 when the NWA territory based in San Francisco, the last remaining promotion outside the Mid-Atlantic territory that recognized its own United States Champion, folded.
The title remained the primary championship within the Mid-Atlantic territory until 1986 when Crockett gained control of the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. The United States title then became the secondary championship of the promotion. After Ted Turner bought the company and renamed it World Championship Wrestling (WCW) in November 1988, the title continued to be used and recognized as secondary to the World Championship. WCW began to pull itself away from the NWA, demonstrated by the company changing the name of the title to the World Championship Wrestling (WCW) United States Heavyweight Championship in January 1991.
In March 2001, the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) purchased WCW. As part of the purchase, the WCW United States Heavyweight Championship became WWF property and during the Invasion period was defended and referred to as the WCW United States Championship on WWF shows. At Survivor Series, the title was unified with the Intercontinental Championship when the WCW United States Champion Edge defeated the WWF Intercontinental Champion Test, becoming the new Intercontinental Champion. The United States Championship was then deactivated.
In July 2003, a year after the first brand extension went into effect, the title was reactivated as the WWE United States Championship by SmackDown! General Manager Stephanie McMahon, and was commissioned to be a secondary championship for the SmackDown! brand. Eddie Guerrero became the first champion, by winning a tournament at Vengeance, defeating Chris Benoit in the final match. This was done shortly after the Intercontinental Championship was recommissioned by the Raw brand, making the title its equal counterpart. The first brand extension ended on August 29, 2011, and the United States Championship could be defended on both Raw and SmackDown.
In 2015, WWE introduced an updated version of its Grand Slam Championship, and the United States Championship became officially recognized as a component of the re-established honor. In August at SummerSlam, then champion John Cena faced then WWE World Heavyweight Champion Seth Rollins in a title-for-title match, which Rollins ultimately won to become the first wrestler to hold the WWE World Heavyweight Championship and United States Championship simultaneously. Rollins held both titles until Cena defeated Rollins in his rematch for the United States Championship at Night of Champions the following month.
In July 2016, WWE reintroduced the brand extension; during the draft, then-United States Champion Rusev was drafted to the Raw brand. Days later, he successfully defended the title against SmackDown draftee Zack Ryder at Battleground, making the title exclusive to Raw.
Following the revival of the United States Championship in 2003, the title was designated to SmackDown. The following list indicates the transitions of the United States Championship between the Raw, SmackDown, and ECW brands. The brand extension was discontinued on August 29, 2011, but it was revived on July 19, 2016.
|Championship moved to the Raw brand.|
|Championship moved to the SmackDown brand.|
|Championship moved to the ECW brand.|
|Date of transition||Notes|
|July 27, 2003||The United States Championship was revived to be exclusive to SmackDown!.|
|June 23, 2008||Matt Hardy was drafted to ECW, taking the championship to that brand.|
|July 20, 2008||The United States Championship was returned to SmackDown following Shelton Benjamin's title win.|
|April 13, 2009||United States Champion Montel Vontavious Porter was drafted to Raw during the 2009 WWE draft.|
|April 26, 2011||Following the 2011 WWE supplemental draft, United States Champion Sheamus was drafted to SmackDown.|
|May 1, 2011||The United States Championship was returned to Raw following Kofi Kingston's title win.|
The championship remained exclusive to Raw until the end of the first brand extension.
|August 29, 2011||End of first brand extension.|
The United States Champion could appear on both Raw and SmackDown.
|July 19, 2016||Reintroduction of the brand extension.|
United States Champion Rusev was drafted to Raw in the 2016 WWE draft.
The inaugural champion was Harley Race. There have been 81 different champions, with Ric Flair having the most reigns at six. The longest reigning champion was Lex Luger who held the title for 523 days from May 22, 1989 to October 27, 1990. The shortest reigning champion was "Stunning" Steve Austin who held the title for approximately five minutes. Dean Ambrose is the longest reigning champion under the WWE banner at 351 days from May 19, 2013, to May 5, 2014. Booker T and Seth Rollins are the only two men to have held both the United States Championship and a world title simultaneously; in Booker's case the world title was the WCW World Heavyweight Championship, while Rollins held the WWE World Heavyweight Championship. Both Lex Luger and Goldberg were the United States Heavyweight Champion when they won their first world title, albeit in their case it was vacated soon after.
On the April 6, 1991 episode of World Championship Wrestling, Nikita Koloff destroyed the classic 1980s United States Heavyweight Championship belt during a post-match brawl with Lex Luger, who was in his fourth reign as champion. Koloff, who claimed to be the true champion, knocked Luger unconscious by striking him with the title belt and then repeatedly smashing the championship belt into a ringpost. Luger would appear without a physical championship belt, and later become the first to wear a newly designed title, which WCW used until closing in March 2001. This version of the United States Heavyweight Championship would also be used during WCW's "invasion" of the WWF until WCW's storyline demise at the 2001 Survivor Series, in which the United States Championship was unified with the Intercontinental Championship. Between WCW and WWE, the title has been vacated twenty times.
During John Cena's third reign as the United States Champion, he introduced a custom "spinner" belt. On the March 10, 2005 episode of SmackDown!, the "spinner" version was "destroyed", with the help of John Bradshaw Layfield, after Orlando Jordan defeated Cena the previous week for the title, reverting to WWE's standard United States Championship belt.
- "WWE United States Championship Title History". WWE. Retrieved 2009-01-02.