Vozdvizhenka Street, (Russian: Воздвиженка), is a radial street connecting Manege Square and Arbat Square in central Arbat District of Moscow, Russia. The street's name refers to a monastery that existed here since 1450 and perished in the Fire of Moscow (1812). In 1934-1946, it was known as Comintern Street (улица Коминтерна), in 1946-1991 as Kalinin Street (улица Калинина) Kalinin Prospect (проспект Калинина).
Vozdvizhenka stretches due west from Kutafya Tower of Moscow Kremlin, past Mokhovaya Street, to Arbat Square on the Boulevard Ring. Present-day Vozdvizhenka incorporates a former square between Moscow Manege, Kutafya Tower and Mokhovaya Street that used to be a separate entity, called Sapozhkovskaya Square or Manege Square (different from present-day Manege Square).
Vozdvizhenka is the first stretch of an old route to Smolensk, continued west by New Arbat Street and Kutuzovsky Prospekt. Prior to development of New Arbat in 1960s, this route passed via old Arbat Street and Borodinsky Bridge. Vozdvizhenka today is a one-way, westbound street; opposite traffic from New Arbat is diverted through Znamenka Street.
Notable buildings and institutions include:
- 3 - Russian State Library (1928-1941)
- 4 - Site of Ivan Grozny's palace
- 5 - State Museum of Architecture in former Talyzin House built by Matvey Kazakov (1787)
- 9, 11 - Ministry of Defense (1990s)
- 10 - The former Voyentorg department store (1910s, dismantled under mayor Luzhkov, rebuilt in an altered form in 2007)
- 14 - Varvara Morozova estate by Roman Klein (1887)
- 16 - Arseny Morozov House, modelled after Monserrate Palace in Sintra, Portugal by Victor Mazyrin (1899), now Europe house. Formerly housed the Proletcult Theatre, later becoming the "House of Friendship with Foreign Countries."
- 18 - Schakhovskoy House (1783, 1820s)
- Kalashny Lane, 2/10 (near 18, Vozdvizhenka) - Mosselprom Building (1923)
- Official register of listed buildings maintained by City Commission for Cultural Legacy (Москомнаследие)
Media related to Vozdvizhenka Street at Wikimedia Commons