Voiceless epiglottal trill

Voiceless pharyngeal trill
(voiceless epiglottal fricative)
IPA number 172
Entity (decimal) ʜ
Unicode (hex) U+029C
Braille ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)
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The voiceless epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative,[1] is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʜ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is H\.


Features of the voiceless epiglottal trill/fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Agul[2] [mɛʜ] 'whey'
Arabic[3] Iraqi[4] Corresponds to /ħ/ (ح) in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology
Chechen хьо /ʜʷɔ/ 'you'
Dahalo [ʜaːɗo] 'arrow'
Haida ants [ʜʌnts] 'shadow'

See also


  1. John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  3. Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  4. Zeki Hassan, John Esling, Scott Moisik, & lise Crevier-Buchman (2011) "Aryepiglottic trilled variants of /ʕ, ħ/ in Iraqi Arabic". Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp. 831834), Hong Kong.


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