July 9, 1900|
June 12, 2001 100) (aged|
St. Louis, Missouri
|Institutions||Washington University in St. Louis|
|Alma mater||University of Freiburg|
|Doctoral advisor||Hans Spemann|
|Known for||Nerve growth factor|
Viktor Hamburger (July 9, 1900 – June 12, 2001) was a German professor and embryologist. In 1951 he co-authored the Hamburger-Hamilton stages. Hamburger lectured, among others, Nobel Prize-winning neurologist Rita Levi-Montalcini, who identified nerve growth factor along with Hamburger when they collaborated. Hamburger began to work at Washington University in St. Louis in 1935; he retired from his professor position in 1969 and continued researching until the 1980s.
In the 1960s, Hamburger did embryological work that established that chick movements in embryo were spontaneous patterns, a finding that contradicted contemporary assertions of behavioral psychologists.
Hamburger later revisited nerve growth factor, demonstrating that it was required for the maintenance of neural cells.
- 1953 - Inducted into National Academy of Sciences
- 1976 - Honorary doctorate, Washington University in St. Louis
- 1978 - Wakeman Award for Research in the Neurosciences
- 1981 - Ross Harrison Prize from the International Society of Developmental Biologists, shared with Donald Brown
- 1983 - Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize of Columbia University with Stanley Cohen and Rita Levi-Montalcini
- 1984 - Honorary doctorate from Faculty of Mathematics and Science, Uppsala University
- 1985 - Ralph W. Gerard Prize in Neuroscience from the Society for Neuroscience
- 1989 - National Medal of Science
- 1990 - Karl Spencer Lashley Award of the American Philosophical Society
- 2000 - Lifetime Achievement Award, Society for Developmental Biology
- Noden, Drew M. "Viktor Hamburger (1900-2001)". Society for Developmental Biology. Retrieved 2008-05-09.
- Cowan, W. M. (2001). "Viktor Hamburger Andrita Levi-Montalcini: The Path to the Discovery of Nerve Growth Factor". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 24: 551–600. doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.24.1.551. PMID 11283321.
- Freeman, Karen (2001-06-14). "Viktor Hamburger, 100, Dies; Embryologist Revealed Architecture of Nervous System". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2013-05-26.
- Hamburger, Viktor (1996). "Viktor Hamburger". In Squire, Larry R. The history of neuroscience in autobiography. Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience. p. 223. ISBN 0-916110-51-6. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
- Hamburger, V.; Wenger, E.; Oppenheim, R. (1966). "Motility in the chick embryo in the absence of sensory input". Journal of Experimental Zoology. 162 (2): 133. doi:10.1002/jez.1401620202.
- Allen, Garland. "Viktor Hamburger, 1900-2001; a biographical memoir." (PDF). Biographical Memoirs. National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
- The Viktor Hamburger Lecture
- Viktor Hamburger Outstanding Educator Prize
- Viktor Hamburger Virtual Exhibit