Reunification Day

Reunification Day

Banner in Hanoi for Reunification Day
Official name Reunification Day (Ngày Thống nhất)
Also called Day of liberating the South for national reunification (Giải phóng miền Nam, thống nhất đất nước)
Black April (Tháng Tư Đen)
Liberation Day (Ngày Giải phóng)
Victory Day (Ngày Chiến thắng)
National Day of Shame (Ngày Quốc Nhục)
National Day of Resentment (Ngày Quốc Hận)
Fall of Saigon (Sài Gòn Thất thủ)
Observed by Vietnamese
Type National
Significance Marks the North Vietnamese capture of Saigon
Observances Overseas Vietnamese
Date April 30
Next time 30 April 2017 (2017-04-30)
Frequency annual
Related to Fall of Saigon

Reunification Day (Ngày Thống nhất), Victory Day (Ngày Chiến thắng) or Liberation Day (Ngày Giải phóng or Ngày Giải phóng miền Nam) or the official name of Day of liberating the South for national reunification (Giải phóng miền Nam, thống nhất đất nước)[1] is a public holiday in Vietnam that marks the event when Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops captured Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) on April 30, 1975. This signalled the end of the Vietnam War, known in Vietnamese as Chiến tranh Việt Nam (Vietnam War) or Kháng chiến chống Mỹ cứu nước ("Resistance War Against American invasion"). It was the start of the transition period toward reunification, which occurred in the national election for national reunification on July 2, 1976, when the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and Democratic Republic of Vietnam merged to each others in order to form the modern-day Vietnam or the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[2]

The anniversary is marked by several festivals around the date.

Sections of the Vietnamese exile community remember it as the "Fall of Saigon", "Black April (Tháng Tư Đen)",[3][4][5][6][7][8] National Day of Shame (Ngày Quốc Nhục) or National Day of Resentment (Ngày Quốc Hận).[4][9][10][11][12] This is a commemorative day for exiled Vietnamese who served, were affected, and displaced in those overseas communities, and as such is a day of reflection.


See also


  3. "Black April". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  4. 1 2 "Black April". UNAVSA Knowledge. UNAVSA. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  5. "Black April". VNAFMAMN. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  6. Secretary of State. "Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 220 CHAPTER 74 Relative to Black April Memorial Week.". LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST. CALIFORNIA LEGISLATIVE INFORMATION. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  7. Kurhi, Eric. "Black April ceremony honors Vietnam War soldiers in San Jose". Mercury News. San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  8. BHARATH, DEEPA (April 29, 2011). "O.C. Black April events commemorate fall of Saigon". Orange County Register. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  9. Deepa Bharath (2008-04-25). "Black April events commemorate fall of Saigon". The Orange County Register. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
  10. "Audio Slideshow: Black April". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
  11. My-Thuan Tran (2009-04-30). "Orange County's Vietnamese immigrants reflect on historic moment". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
  12. Đỗ Dzũng (2009-04-30). "Tưởng niệm Tháng Tư Đen ở Quận Cam". Báo Người Việt. Retrieved 2009-05-28.

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