Viñales Valley

Viñales Valley
Valle de Viñales

Valle de Viñales, Pinar del Río, Cuba
Viñales Valley
Area 132 km2 (51 sq mi)
Coordinates 22°37′0″N 83°43′0″W / 22.61667°N 83.71667°W / 22.61667; -83.71667Coordinates: 22°37′0″N 83°43′0″W / 22.61667°N 83.71667°W / 22.61667; -83.71667
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Designated 1999 (23rd session)
Reference no. 840
State Party Cuba
Region Latin America and the Caribbean

Viñales Valley (Spanish: ''Valle de Viñales'') is a karstic depression in Cuba. The valley has an area of 132 km2 (51 sq mi) and is located in the Sierra de los Órganos mountains (part of Guaniguanico range), just north of Viñales in the Pinar del Río Province.


Manuel Rivera-Ortiz: Tobacco Harvesting, Viñales Valley, Cuba 2002

Tobacco and other crops are cultivated on the bottom of the valley, mostly by traditional agriculture techniques. Many caves dot the surrounding hillfaces (Cueva del Indio, Cueva de José Miguel).

The conspicuous limestone cliffs rising like islands from the bottom of the valley are called mogotes. They can be up to 300m tall.

Viñales is a major tourist destination offering mainly hiking and rock climbing. The local climbing scene has started to take off in the last few years with many new routes being discovered resulting in an increase in local tourism.[1]


Many endemic plants and animals are specific to this valley. Flora found in the region include Bombax emarginatum, mountain palm (Gaussia princeps), Ekmanianthe actinophilla, and Microcycas calocoma. Fauna includes bee hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae, zunzún), Cuban trogon (Priotelus temnurus), Cuban tody (Todus multicolor), Cuban solitaire (Myadestes elisabeth) and Cuban grassquit (Tiaris canorus).[2]

The Valle de Viñales is a wonderful tourist destination. It is one of the lushest parts of Cuba.


  1. High Sports. "Article on Cuban Climbing". Retrieved 2008-04-07.
  2. Radio Habana. "Parque Nacional Viñales" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
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