Verner E. Suomi
Eveleth, Minnesota, U.S.
July 30, 1995|
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Institutions||University of Wisconsin–Madison|
|Alma mater||University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1953)|
|Thesis||The Heat Budget Over a Cornfield (1953)|
|Known for||Satellite meteorology|
National Medal of Science (1976)|
Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal
Verner Edward "Vern" Suomi (1915 – 30 July 1995) was a Finnish-American educator, inventor, and scientist. He is considered the father of satellite meteorology. He invented the Spin Scan Radiometer, which for many years was the instrument on the GOES weather satellites that generated the time sequences of cloud images seen on television weather shows. The Suomi NPP polar orbiting satellite, launched in 2011, was named in his honor.
Suomi was born in Eveleth, Minnesota to John and Anna Suomi. His parents arrived in the United States in 1902 from Finland. (The family surname, Suomi, is of Finnish origin and means Finland in Finnish.) He was the sixth of seven children; he outlived all but two sisters, Esther and Edith. He received his first degree from Winona Teachers College (now Winona State University). He taught high school science. Later, he attended the University of Chicago, where he received his PhD in 1953.
By 1948, Suomi was among the earliest faculty members of the Department of Meteorology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Together with Robert Parent, in 1965, Suomi founded the Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) there. From this, came the first weather satellite to provide imagery from a geostationary orbit and was named the Applications Technology Satellite (ATS-1), launched on 6 December 1966, that included a Spin Scan Radiometer. The subsequent ATS-3, launched in November 1967, using a spin scan camera, made what would be known as the first color images of the whole earth.
Suomi led the development of McIDAS (Man-computer Interactive Data Access System) in 1972, displaying the images produced by his satellites such as SMS-1 in 1974.
Honors and awards
Suomi was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1966, awarded the National Medal of Science in 1977, awarded the Franklin Medal in 1984, the Charles Franklin Brooks Award from the American Meteorological Society in 1980; a lifetime achievement award from the International Meteorological Organization, and numerous other awards and honors including the World Meteorological Organization's International Meteorological Organization Prize (the IMO Prize) and the first Walter Ahlstrom Prize.
On January 24, 2012, NASA renamed a recently launched NPP Earth monitoring satellite after Dr. Suomi. On that occasion, John Grunsfeld, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, said that "Verner Suomi's many scientific and engineering contributions were fundamental to our current ability to learn about Earth's weather and climate from space." The Suomi NPP houses the VIIRS instrument that provided the images which were combined to make the 2012 The Blue Marble photo.
- Biography, Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin–Madison
- Lewis, John M.; Martin, David W.; Rabin, Robert M.; Moosmüller, Hans (2010). "Suomi: Pragmatic Visionary". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 91 (5): 559–577. doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2897.1.
- Hall, Russell. Verner Suomi (1915–1995), On The Shoulders of Giants, Earth Observatory, NASA.gov
- ATS-III image collection at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
- Hall, Russell. Verner Suomi (1915–1995) (p.3), On The Shoulders of Giants, Earth Observatory, NASA.gov
- "Most Amazing High Definition Image of Earth - Blue Marble 2012", NASA @ Flickr.com, 25 January 2012.
- Herzog, Karen (January 26, 2012). "Satellite renamed to honor UW's Suomi". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
- Memmott, Mark. "'Blue Marble 2012': NASA's 'Most Amazing' High Def Image Of Earth So Far", The Two-Way, National Public Radio, 25 January 2012.
- Suomi Virtual Museum (includes photo of Suomi)
- The Space Science and Engineering Center
- Suomi Website - The Father of Satellite Meteorology
- NASA ATS-1 (1966) page - NSSDC ID: 1966-110A
- NASA SMS-1 (1974) page - NSSDC ID: 1974-033A-01 - explanation of Visible Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer