|Coordinates: 47°21′N 8°43′E / 47.350°N 8.717°ECoordinates: 47°21′N 8°43′E / 47.350°N 8.717°E|
with 7 members
Martin Bornhauser SPS/PSS
(as of February 2014)
with 36 members
|• Total||28.53 km2 (11.02 sq mi)|
|Elevation||464 m (1,522 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2015)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Localities||Kirchuster, Freudwil, Nänikon, Niederuster, Nossikon, Oberuster, Riedikon, Sulzbach, Wermatswil, Werrikon, Winikon-Gschwader|
|Surrounded by||Fehraltorf, Gossau, Greifensee, Maur, Mönchaltorf, Pfäffikon, Seegräben, Volketswil|
|Twin towns||Prenzlau (Germany)|
The city of Uster received the Wakker Prize in 2001.
The village of Riedikon was first mentioned in year 741, while Uster was first mentioned in 775. In 1099 first mentioned, the donation of the St. Andreas Church was given by the House of Rapperswil as a spacious three-naved country church. The Burg Uster (castle) was first mentioned in 1267, in the possession of the Freiherr von Bonstetten. On 7 January 1300 Elisabeth von Rapperswil sold the pledge of the reign Greifensee to the knight Hermann II. von Landenberg, including the Greifensee castle, the town and the lake of the same name, and a larger number of farms, as well as the pastoral rights (Kirchrecht) in Uster. In 1438 the church rights (Kirchrecht) were sold to the Rüti Abbey. The church was considered as a part of the so-called "Laubishof" estated thath possibly was located at the nearby plateau where the Uster Castle is situated.
During the Old Zürich War, in May 1444, the Old Swiss Confederacy laid siege to the nearby town of Greifensee, held by about 70 defenders, most of them inhabitants of the Amt Greifensee, and a few Habsburg and Zürich soldiers. The town was captured after four weeks, on May 27, and all but two of the surviving 64 defenders were beheaded on the next day, including the leader, Wildhans von Breitenlandenberg. Even in times of war, mass execution was widely considered a cruel and unjust deed. On May 29, the Castle of Greifensee and the city walls were broken.
Among many other transfers of lands and goods, on 25 April 1448 Beringer von Landemberg von Griffensee confirmed, with permission of his sons Hug and Beringer dem Jungen that at the place where all his ancestors have been buried, a long list of money, goods and lands have to be transferred to the church as a benefice. In 1473 the church comrades, based on an older Jahrzeitbuch (Latin: libri anniversariorum) which now is lost, created a new one which is among the best preserved of the Canton of Zürich. With the dissolution of the monastery Ruti during the Reformation in Zürich its rights fell on the government of the city of Zürich in 1525. In 1824 the new Reformed church was consecrated.
On 22 November 1830 about 10,000 men of the Canton of Zurich gathered near Uster and demanded a new constitution. This assembly, known as the Ustertag, together with other assemblies in Switzerland led to the Restoration and the creation of the Swiss Federal State.
Uster has an area of 28.5 km2 (11.0 sq mi). Of this area, 44.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 27.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 26.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996 housing and buildings made up 18.4% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (7.8%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.4% of the area. As of 2007 22.2% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
Uster has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 33,853. As of 2007, 21.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 14.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (85.0%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.5%) and Albanian being third ( 1.7%).
|Nationalities in Uster||12-31-2007||12-31-2008||12-31-2009||12-31-2010||12-31-2011||11-30-2012|
|Switzerland||77,67 %||77,92 %||78,53 %||78,67 %||78,43 %||78,03 %|
|Germany||3,90 %||4,41 %||4,42 %||4,53 %||4,87 %||5,01 %|
|Italy||4,47 %||4,31 %||4,12 %||4,06 %||3,94 %||3,87 %|
|Portugal||1,46 %||1,52 %||1,56 %||1,55 %||1,60 %||1,68 %|
|Serbia / Montenegro||3,29 %||2,81 %||2,04 %||1,42 %||1,19 %||0,99 %|
|Turkey||1,13 %||1,06 %||0,99 %||0,94 %||0,94 %||0,96 %|
|Kosovo||-||-||-||0,76 %||0,81 %||0,94 %|
|Macedonia||0,95 %||0,88 %||0,94 %||0,95 %||0,91 %||0,92 %|
|Austria||0,71 %||0,76 %||0,73 %||0,76 %||0,68 %||0,73 %|
|Spain||0,78 %||0,72 %||0,67 %||0,64 %||0,67 %||0,69 %|
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 22.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 65% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.8%. In Uster about 73.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 12605 households in Uster.
Uster has an unemployment rate of 3.28%. As of 2005, there were 392 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 92 businesses involved in this sector. 3,204 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 238 businesses in this sector. 9475 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1091 businesses in this sector. As of 2007 51.5% of the working population were employed full-time, and 48.5% were employed part-time.
As of 2008 there were 9,366 Catholics and 11,890 Protestants in Uster. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 45% were some type of Protestant, with 41.8% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 3.3% belonging to other Protestant churches. 31.7% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 5.4% were Muslim, 7.2% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.4% did not give a religion, and 11.7% were atheist or agnostic.
Uster has an average of 135.4 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,164 mm (45.8 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Uster receives an average of 137 mm (5.4 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 13.1 days. The driest month of the year is October with an average of 69 mm (2.7 in) of precipitation over 13.1 days.
Uster received the Wakker Prize from the Swiss Heritage Society in 2001 for the city's efforts to maintain an identity within the anonymous Swiss Agglomeration around Zurich. The Society noted that developed land was clearly separated from the neighboring farming land. They praised the efforts that the city had made to integrate old and new buildings and to build with harmonious architectural styles.
Primarschule Uster serves primary school children, while Sekundarschulverwaltung Uster serves students at the secondary school level. The Bildungszentrum Uster includes three institutions: Berufsfachschule Uster (vocational school), Kantonsschule Uster (gymnasium), and Höhere Fachschule Uster.
- Jakob Heusser-Staub (1862–1941), industrialist
- Roger Sablonier (1941–2010), historian and writer, University of Zürich faculty
The municipality of Uster is served by two railway stations, both of which are served by trains of the Zurich S-Bahn. Uster railway station is in the centre of the city, and is served by lines S9, S14, S15 and S5. Nänikon-Greifensee railway station is on the border with adjoining municipality of Greifensee, and is served only by lines S9 and S14. Uster is a 14-minute ride (S5) from Zürich Hauptbahnhof by the fastest trains.
- Schloss Uster
- Kirchuster and inner city
- Nossikon and Riedikon (to the right)
- City park
- Uster S-Bahn Zürich station
- City Uster from Above
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 27 April 2016
- Bruno Schmid (2014-01-14). "Uster (Gemeinde)" (in German). HDS. Retrieved 2015-09-13.
- City of Uster website-History (German) accessed 5 January 2010
- "Graf Rudolf III. und Elisabeth von Rapperswil" (in German). Argovia: Jahresschrift der Historischen Gesellschaft des Kantons Aargau 10/1879, in: retro.seals.ch. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
- "C II 12, Nr. 418 Messstiftung von Beringer von Landenberg-Greifensee dem Alten in der Kirche Uster, der Grablege seines Geschlechts (1448.04.25)" (in German). Staatsarchiv des Kantons Zürich. Retrieved 2015-09-13.
- Volkstage in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 14-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich (German) accessed 4 August 2009
- http://www.uster.ch/de/verwaltung/dienstleistungen/?dienst_id=19514 (Retrieved 12th Dec 2012).
- "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 440 meters above sea level.
- Wakker Prize (German) accessed 14 August 2009
- Home page. Primarschule Uster. Retrieved on 23 April 2015. "Poststrasse 13 8610 Uster"
- Home page. Sekundarschulverwaltung Uster. Retrieved on 23 April 2015. "Poststrasse 13 8610 Uster"
- Home page. Bildungszentrum Uster. Retrieved on 23 April 2015.
- Home page. Japanese School in Zurich. Retrieved on 2 January 2014. "住所：Florastrasse 18a 8610 Uster Switzerland"
- "Stadt- und Regionalbibliothek Uster" (Archive). Commune of Uster. Retrieved on 23 April 2015. "Bankstrasse 17, 8610 Uster"
- "Stadtarchiv und Kläui Bibliothek" (Archive). Commune of Uster. Retrieved on 23 April 2015. "Stadtarchiv: Bahnhofstr. 17, 8610 Uster Kläui Bibliothek (Leseraum): Zürichstrasse 11, 8610 Uster"
- "Bibliothek Nänikon" (Archive). Commune of Uster. Retrieved on 23 April 2015. "Stationsstrasse 49, 8606 Nänikon"
- map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats" (PDF). ZVV. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uster.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Uster.|