Uruguayan cuisine is a fusion of Indigenous Charruan cuisine and the cuisines of several European countries, with a particular emphasis on Mediterranean food from Spain, Italy, Portugal and France. Other possible influences on the cuisine may result from immigration from countries such as Germany and Britain. The food is very similar to Argentine cuisine.
The preferred cooking methods for meats and vegetables are still boiling and roasting, but with modernization also came frying (see milanesas and chivitos). Meanwhile, wheat and fruit comes mostly fried (torta frita and pasteles), comfited (rapadura and ticholos de banana) and sometimes baked (rosca de chicharrones), which is a new modern style.
Although Uruguay has exuberant flora and fauna, with the exception of yerba mate, the rest of it is mostly still unused. Consumption of fresh fruit is rare, and when fruit is eaten, it is not from locally grown areas.
Mate is the national drink. The dried leaves and twigs of the yerba mate plant (Ilex paraguariensis) are placed in a small cup. Hot water is then poured into a gourd at near-boiling point so as to not burn the herb and spoil the flavor. The drink is sipped through a metal or cane straw, known as a bombilla.
Wine is also a common drink. Other spirits consumed in Uruguay are caña, grappa, lemon-infused grappa, and grappamiel (grappa honey liquour). Grappamiel is very popular in rural areas, and is often consumed in the cold autumn and winter mornings to warm up the body.
A sweet paste, dulce de leche, is used to fill cookies, cakes, pancakes, milhojas, and alfajores. The alfajores are shortbread cookies sandwiched together with dulce de leche or a fruit paste. Dulce de leche is used also in flan con dulce de leche.
Spanish influences are very abundant: desserts like churros (cylinders of pastry, usually fried, sometimes filled with dulce de leche), flan, ensaimadas (Catalan sweet bread), and alfajores were all brought from Spain. There are also all kinds of stews known as "guisos" or "estofados", arroces (rice dishes such as paella), and fabada (Asturian bean stew). All of the guisos and traditional pucheros (stews) are also of Spanish origin. Uruguayan preparations of fish, such as dried salt cod (bacalao), calamari, and octopus, originate from the Basque and Galician regions, and also Portugal.
Germanic influence has influenced Uruguayan cuisine as well, particularly sweet dishes. The pastries known as bizcochos are Germanic in origin: croissants, known as medialunas, are the most popular of these, and can be found in two varieties: butter- and lard-based. Also German in origin are the Berlinese known as bolas de fraile ("friar's balls"), and the rolls called piononos. The facturas were re-christened with local names given the difficult German phonology, and usually Uruguayanized by the addition of a dulce de leche filling. In addition, dishes like chucrut (sauerkraut) have also made it into mainstream Uruguayan dish.
Due to its strong Italian tradition, all of the famous Italian pasta dishes are present in Uruguay: ravioli, spaghetti, lasagne, tortellini, fettuccine, cannelloni, fusilli, agnolotti, tagliatelle, capellini, vermicelli, penne rigate, fagioloni, cellentani, rotini, bucatini, farfalle, and the traditional gnocchi. Although the pasta can be served with a lot of sauces, there is one special sauce that was created by Uruguayans. Caruso sauce is a pasta sauce made from double cream, meat, onions, ham and mushrooms. It is very popular with sorrentinos and agnolotti.
- Asado: both the tradition of grilling beef over coals (which translates to barbecue in American English), and the dish, "tira de asado".
- Chivito: a sandwich containing steak, ham, cheese, tomato, lettuce, and mayonnaise.
- Choripán: a very popular Uruguayan fast food - A grilled chorizo and a crusty bread such as a baguette, usually served with chimichurri sauce.
- Empanada: a small pie or turnover, most commonly filled with meat, such as ham and cheese.
- Empanada Gallega: a fish pie, with sauce, onions and bell peppers. Brought by immigrants from Galicia.
- Fainá: a mix of chickpea flour, salt, water and olive oil, originally called "farinata", cooked like a pizza on a flat tray. Brought by immigrants from Liguria (Italy).
- Pancho: a typical Uruguayan hot dog - a bun called "pan de Vienna" filled with a "hot dog" with mustard, ketchup, mayonnaise or salsa golf on top.
- Gnocchi (known as "ñoquis") is traditionally eaten on the 29th day of each month. This was the day before payday, when people were at their poorest. Gnocchi made a cheap and hearty meal. On these occasions, some people leave a coin or a banknote under the plate to attract prosperity.
- Húngara: very similar to the Frankfurter, but very spicy.
- Milanesa: a thin breaded cutlet steak. There is a great variety, such as: Milanesa Napolitana, Milanesa Rellena, and Suprema Maryland.
- Lehmeyun: an Armenian dish, brought by Armenian immigrants.
- Pascualina: a Swiss chard pie, puff pastry crust on bottom and top, filled with seasoned Swiss chard and eggs. Pascualina is a reference to Pascua (Easter).
- Pastel de carne: in English: meat pie. Chopped meat, mashed potato, green peppers, olives, and eggs.
- Russian salad: potatoes, carrots, peas and mayonnaise.
Pizza (locally pronounced pisa or pitsa), has been wholly included into Uruguayan cuisine, and in its Uruguayan form more closely resembles an Italian calzone than it does its Italian ancestor. Typical Uruguayan pizzas include pizza rellena (stuffed pizza), pizza por metro (pizza by the meter), and pizza a la parrilla (grilled pizza). While Uruguayan pizza derives from Neapolitan cuisine, the Uruguayan fugaza (fugazza) comes from the focaccia xeneise (Genoan), but in any case its preparation is different from its Italian counterpart, and the addition of cheese to make the dish (fugaza con queso or fugazzeta) is an Uruguayan invention.
Sliced pizza is often served along with fainá, made with chickpea flour and baked like pizza. For example, it is common for pasta to be eaten together with white bread ("French bread"), which is unusual in Italy. This can be explained by the low cost of bread, and that Uruguayan pasta tends to come together with a large amount of tuco sauce (Italian: suco - juice), and accompanied by estofado (stew). Less commonly, pastas are eaten with a sauce of pesto, a green sauce made with basil, or salsa blanca (Béchamel sauce). During the 20th century, people in pizzerias in Montevideo commonly ordered a "combo" of moscato, which is a large glass of a sweet wine called (muscat), plus two stacked pieces (the lower one being pizza and the upper one fainá). Despite both pizza and faina being Italian in origin, they are never served together in Italy.
The current roots of Uruguayan cuisine can be traced back to a subsistence economy adopted by gauchos, and sustained on subsistence agriculture implanted by the Spanish and Criollos at the start of European colonization. The native peoples did not stay in one place, and Uruguay was used as a remote port, with few incursions for treasure hunting.
The only permanent establishment at the time was constituted by Franciscan monks that was located in a territory now belonging to Brazil called Misiones, because their mission there was to Christianize the native peoples. The tradition of mate started during this time, with the monks brewing a beverage with the leaves of yerba mate that the Guarani people used to chew.
The first group of immigrants came from poor families from Buenos Aires and the Canary Islands, along with their empanadas and cocidos. Everything was sold from pulperias that were stores and saloons at the same time.
Food was rudimentary and based on Spanish tradition until immigration at end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, when the first families came mostly from Italy and Spain. Immigration increased following World War I and World War II, when people from all over Europe and the Middle East came to Uruguay, including people from Germany, Russia, Italy, and Armenia. Such immigration enriched the importation of dishes, as there is now pasta, Russian salad and innumerable types of pastries from France and Germany, resulting in Chajá and alfajores.
Butter was not widely used until the 1950s, where beforehand the common fat substance came from cattle and not from milk. The introduction of butter resulted in more refined products.
Uruguayan cuisine has gone through many changes across the ages and it is still happening today. The exportation of meat is making asado less accessible, and the government does not seem to have an interest in protecting the rising price of yerba.
Appetizers, entrees and snacks
Among Uruguayan cuisine, there is a significant list of preparations and dishes that are included on this category, the most typical or authoctonous is the picada, probably descending from the Spanish tapas, and as for everyday food there are also matambre relleno and lengua a la vinagreta.
As said on the Main overview, grappa and caña are still consumed on the country, though grappa is considered an apéritive of excellence into its main country (and caña could also had the same reputation on its own), apéritives such as martini, vermouth, whisky, medio y medio and also uvita , sangria and wine are preferred.
Though liquors made with caña have good digestive qualities there are only consumed as drink and not as aperitives.
Medio y medio (Half and half)
Picada can be described as the main entrée of a typical asado (barbecue); consumed within aperitives, it is constituted by cheese, olives, longaniza, salami, chips and salted peanuts, all of it except for peanuts served on a wood table with bread.
Matambre relleno is a common dish in Rio de la plata, so much in Uruguay as in Argentina. It is one of two dishes that are prepared from matambre, a meat cut that is a flank steak. It is prepared as a lunch meat by rolling thin slices over spinach, carrots and boiled eggs, really a criollo's version of a joint, tied up and sewed with a strong string, boiled and later pressed, it is consumed when cold.
Lengua a la vinagreta
Lengua a la vinagreta (Spanish for tongue with vinaigrette) is a cold preparation of beef tongue that is previously peeled and boiled and aligned with a vinagreta sauce made with chopped boiled eggs, parsil, garlic, onions, olive oil, and vinager.
Pescado en escabeche
Cuisine of Uruguay have not had much inventive but salads over this step. As previously said, food is eaten with bread and sometimes rice or chips. Along with asado there are accompaniments as said chorizo, morcilla, offals, and also stuffed peppers, and papas al plomo (roasted potatoes)
Spicy sauce commonly added to frankfurters (panchos), hungaras, choripanes and hamburguers, It is common to find on fast food dispensers located at the streets and locally called as 'carritos'. It resembles a hot mustard or mayonnaise.
Sharing the same name as the Spanish mojo, its as simply as a sauce made with garlic, oil, Parsley, Oregano, paprika, water and salt, it is added to asado during its cooking process and optionally on the dish. Mojo differs in chimichurry over that it has water besides vinegar and less paprika
Mostaza La pasiva
La Pasiva is a famous chain of restaurants in Uruguay, dedicated at fast food serving or minutas as is called on the region, their speciality are panchos and hungaras and also renowned by their chivito. Moustard La pasiva is a white colured hot moustard served on the local along with panchos. Its made with beer, starch, moustard grains, Pepper, salt and vinager. Though it has never been sold apart as a commercial moustard brand, it is sometimes given in small quantities as a present for the client and as seen before it's recipe is not totally a secret.
Mostaza La pasiva is also used among other moustards as sauce for puchero meat.
Salsa carusso, estofado and tuco
All of the three are necessary pasta sauces among with other foreign pasta sauces. Salsa Carusso was made specially for the opera singer Enrico Caruso at a time that he visited Uruguay and became a popular sauce (specially for its main dish 'cappeletis a la Carusso'), estofado is a stewed version of ragu made from steaks and sometimes single eaten, tuco when it has chopped meat resembles a bolognese sauce.
Barbecue and salads
Uruguayan cuisine has adopted if not blended a considerable amount of salads, the most typical of it is the 'ensalada criolla'.
With slights variants it is a common denomination for a family of salads that are wide spread over the southern south cone region, most variants as in the chilean salad always include onion and lettuce. The variant consumed on Uruguay contains tomato along with lettuce and onion served with a single vinaigrette made of oil, vinegar, salt, garlic and oregano. As it is a basic form of salad, it is idoneus accompaniment for asado.
Ensalada de papa y huevo
Potato and egg salad or onion and potato salad or simply potato mayonnaise and parsil.
Resembling an old Spanish salpicon, ropa vieja (Spanish for old clothes) intends to include everything that exceeds from asado, mainly the best meat cuts chopped with vegetables such as potatoes or ensalada criolla. Not to be confused with the Cuban ropa vieja that though it is also a derivative dish but resembles more a sancocho than a salad.
Salpicon de ave
Palmitos con salsa golf
Basically watercress, olive oil and lemon juice.
As in English barbecue asado is called both the tradition of making the meal and the meal itself and also the meal and meat cut called asado or tira de asado.
In most homes of Uruguayan people its common to find a special grill on the patios called asador, that is a structure made of Iron and bricks, wondering in dimensions more asadores have at least two metres for one metre and they are constituted by a chimney, a small bonfire of iron where to place, firewood and a large grill where it goes the meat and where, under it are placed the embers produced by the firewood.
Also there are common to find, mostly on the street, small barbecue grills called medio tanque (half barrel) because they are made on adaptation of splitten steel drums. Asado cooked this way is sold often on the street.
The person who make the meal is called also asador.
A typical asado takes from one hour to two hours to be done, and even more if a different kind of meat is going to be barbacued (for example a whole pig takes at least four hours to be ready), further from that the process is pretty simple.
The asador starts the fire in the burner an once that the fire is started, meat is salted and condimented, condiments may include oregano, garlic, paprika, parsley and mojo, then later first embers are put in place and this is going to be repeted as they keep falling from the burner and then meat is put on the grill, while slowly cooked and smoked on the asador, the rest of the operation is limited just to eat picada and wait and sporadically add mojo (to make the meat flavorous), and of course control the fire.
When all the meat is ready then it is served sided by bread and salads, and served with condiments such as mojo, chimichurry and Uruguayan salsa criolla and beverages such as wine, clerico and sangria.
Variants - Asado con cuero
Though asado barbacue also can be made of other meats than cow, there is still another variant, that mainly from cow meat results peculiar.
Its name is asado con cuero (barbacue with its leather), it is a favourite on rural sides but also very preciated on the capital. Its main essence resides on a different and more complex technique than that employed for making asado and is it that the entire cattle is barbacued at once and even with its leather, though bones are taken apart.
The origin of this practice is remoted to pampa people that omitted the cutting of the cattle and retirement the leather but at the same time discarded the bones. They did this because on this way resulted them easier to just roll all the meat and run without leaving their food in the act.
Medio y medio
Mate is consumed everytime and on every occasion, solely, with tortas fritas or biscochos, it is so important that, the act of drinking mate performs a ritual of friendship between those involved. Even carrying thermos of hot water facilitates that this practice be done on every place, though hot days of summer it still said to be refreshing.
Grapa con limon
Grappa is sold under various trademarks but the most significant one is San Remo, it is distilled and bottled by ANCAP and there was also a try of rescueing its original italian form by some local cellars, when macerated with lemon its called grapa con limon.
Caña as much as grappa are used to be widely infusioned with herbs and fruits resulting in known traditional combinations such as grappamiell (grappa + honey, honey maceration), grapa con limon (grappa with lemon, lemon maceration), caña con pitanga, caña con butia, and so on, there is a popular bar on Montevideo, called Los yuyos that is famous for serving this varieties.
Stews and puchero
Specially switables for cold days Uruguayan guisos or straws are highly revitalizing, specially for its puchero, followed by buseca, guiso carrero, guiso de fideos (noodle stew), estofado and feijoada.
Spanish culinary influence is marked over Uruguayan stews, also remarkable the Italian and Portuguese-Brazilian, llast influence obtained under the during luso-Brazilian invasion.
From Spanish tradition puchero, Uruguayan puchero differs not much from others of the region, it is like a rough soup where dry ingredients are separated from broth after cooked to make two separate preparations, a new soup that is first consumed, and later the soup all the other succulent ingredients are consumed with bread.
All these ingredients cut in big pieces are cooked and served, with the broth are made different soups containing small noodle, rice or any cereal of predilection.
It is usual that each commensal make their puree on his dish with all the cooked vegetables that have been served, aligning it with oil if desired, and also to take off the caracu (bone marrow) from the ossobucco bone and spread it over pieced bread.
Moustards of the brand Savora and also La pasiva are used for garnishing puchero.meat.
It's vegetable composition is reduced due is pretended to not fermentate on hot days, so it only has few onions and squash.
Its name comes from verb ensopar (to moist, to soup), participle ensopado (being souped).
Sometimes is hard to say what is argentinian and what is Uruguayan (history links people hardly), all that sayable is that guiso carrero is part of, not only cuisine, but, Uruguayan folklore, it is a succulent meal consistent of meat, butterbeans, and noodles.
Popular fonts can asure that it is a delicious straw containing potato, sweet potato, noodles, squash, onion, tomato, beans, and the best meat.
When guiso carrero does not contain noodles is called guiso de porotos, and when it does not have beans is called guiso de fideos or ensopado.
Buseca or also cazuela de mondongo, a dish from the Spanish tradition of sopa de mondongo.
A dish proceeding from portuguese brazilian influence that dist a bit from the main rioplatense culture.
Very popular along all over Brazil , feijoada also it is in Uruguay (though not in Argentina). Consumed not only on the northern east but also all along the country, it is a blackbean stew that, unlike the Brazilian feijoada, comes along with potatoes (besides bananas and fariña), and cow meat more often than pork meat, also is common to find chorizo and chorizo Colorado in an Uruguayan feijoada.
Italian style stews
Also very popular on Uruguayan cuisine, ragu styled stews still are very popular, such as albondigas con papas and estofado.
Literally meaning wrapped child's is a stew consiting on small wraps of the length of a human finger.
Made from poultry or cow meat, its called estofado de pollo the one that is made with poultry and estofado de carne when it has cowmeat.
Albondigas con papas
Albondigas con papas are eaten with cheese and parsil.
Minuta is the denomination for Río de la Plata's fast food, though that more than real fast food, the term mostly refers to the main ingredients of what would be fast food such as in America would be sausages to hot dogs.
Most notable minutas are milanesas, refuerzos such as choripanes, chivitos and pizza and faina, also bauru is common along the brazilian border.
Chivito meaning literally small goat is a popular type of sandwich originated in Uruguay, its name comes from an unaccomplished desire from a client that literally wanted a beef of small goat or a chivito, being that goat is not consumed in Uruguay client had to be satisfied anyway with this now popular dish.
Hence a thin slice of filet mignon substituted the beef of small goat, nowadays it is uncertain if bacon, mozzarella, ham, onion, Hard-cooked eggs, tomato slices, mayonaise, olives and bread really complement a goat flavour.
A complete chivito is served with french fries and when is dished is also sided with ensalada rusa and ensalada criolla.
Choripan, Spanish portmanteu for sausage (chorizo) and bread (pan) also called chorizo al pan (sausage on bread), is a sandwich made with barbacued chorizo (that is sliced in half to fit), mayonaise, ketchup, tomato, lattuce, onions, etc.
Hungaras are like panchos, boiled sausages but more spicy and thinner and longer; like panchos also they come served on bread and they are found on the street served as fast food and also sold apart in supermarkets.
Breading consist on three successive steps that its order defines mostly the character of the milanesa, most of Montevideo's bars and old style restaurants make breading starting with egg so that the latest dip is also egg, this method generated by galician and Spanish barists leaves a coat of egg that turns into a film at frying, it is a curious variation that is often served on those restaurants because the main breading has inverse order and is the type of milanesa that is served everywhere else including homemade milanesas.
Also milanesas are saled on butcher shops on every step previous to frying: slized, tendered or breaded and ready to fry.
A typical dish of milanesa is sided with fryed eggs (or "a caballo" -horse riding- when egg garn besides siding), french fries or salad, The way that milanesa is served determinates the name of the dish that can be served "a caballo" or "a la napolitana" (Naples style) or "al pan" (milanesa sandwich).
Milanesa al pan consists of a sandwich made with milanesa, felipe bread (a type of bread roll), tomato slices, lattuce, mayonaise, bacon, ham, cheese and olives, when a milanesa al pan is mayor in size it is cut in half and called milanesa en dos panes (double bread), home made and street versions of this dish are called refuerzo de milanesa and it differs that is made with baguette besides felipe bread.
Postas de pescado a la marinera
Battering is made from beer (preferably from brand Patricia), flour and salt.
Hot dogs are referred as panchos, coming in two sizes: cortos (short ones) and largos (longer ones).
La Pasiva is a restaurant chain in Uruguay that specializes in serving panchos and in a time was renowned by its La Pasiva moustard sauce for panchos that comes among every pancho order and also serves local specialities as panchos con panceta (panchos with bacon) and panchos porteños.
- Panchos con panceta. Grilled frankfurter that is previously wrapped on a spiral with sliced bacon and served on bread.
- Panchos porteños. frankfurter wrapped with mozzarella cheese and served on bread.
Empanadas are a kind of pastry that originated on Spain, in Uruguay are more commonly fried, more common varieties are those such as empanadas de carne, filled with ground meat, chopped boiled eggs, garlic and onions, empanadas de carne may be dulces (sweet ones with raisins) or saladas (salty ones because of olives), empanadas de pollo (made with grounded poultry meat), empandas de jamon y choclo or humitas (ham and corn), empanadas de queso y cebolla (onion and cheese), empandas de dulce, or empanadas de membrillo (filled with quince cheese).
Not to confuse empanadas with pasteles that though similar are a kind of bakery.
Buñuelos are fried dough balls of different types, the most common one are buñuelos de acelga, buñuelos de sesos (doughs that contains brain), buñuelos de manzana (apple dough) and buñuelos de banana (banana dough).
Sweet buñuelos are served powdered with cane sugar.
Pizzas, pastas and breads
Brought by italian tradition and spread all over the world this case is not an exception, far from being it pizza like breads and pasta are part of everyday food since long time ago.
Uruguayan style pizza is a taller than neapolitan pizza and squared, resembling pizza al taglio or sicilian pizza if not the same of one of those, taller pizzas are often called "pizza de cumpleaños" (birthday party pizza) because it is a must be food for such situations.
Pizza can come with lot of ingredients but most common are pizza and pizza-muzzarela
Fainas are often served in pizza bars and restaurants from all over the country.
It consist on a thin, round cheakpea flour baked crepe paste than can be ordered as "faina de orilla" (faina from border) when is the thinnest part of the border. that is desired or "faina del medio" (faina from the middle) when it is referred to the taller middle part of a faina.
Unlike the common use in Italy that faina is peppered on the plate by the crust, Uruguayan use implies peppering on the plate with white chopped pepper by the other side.
When faina is served upside a pizza it is called "pizza a caballo" that may be translated as horse-riding pizza.
A figazza is a pizza bread that besides containing tomato sauce contains onions, it was originated somewhere in Italy an it is also consumed on Argentina under the name fugazzeta.
Typical ingredients of a figazza are onions, peppers and olives.
Fideos con tuco
Tuco is an Uruguayan tomato sauce made with chopped meat, tomato sauce, onions, oreganon and garlic, fideos mening noodles.
Tuco can be served with any pasta, fresh or dry, but most common are tallarines con tuco (spaguetti with tuco), ñoquis con tuco (gnocchi), moñitas con tuco (farfalle), ravioles con tuco (raviolli), and canelones con tuco (Cannelloni).
Canelones con tuco are covered with bechamel and later covered with tuco.
Fideos con estofado
Estofado and tuco are interchangeable for any of the mentioned noodles though estofado can serve also as a dish by itself when served alone or with potatoes.
Estofado is made by cooking meat pieces in tomato sauce by long coctions.
Capeletis a la Caruso
Caruso sauce was invented by chef Raymundo Monti and takes it name from the famous tenor Enrico Caruso. It is a warm sauce that is made of cream, sliced onions, ham, cheese, nuts and mushrooms and is seved with cappelletti.
Pan de chicharrones
Literally meaning rind bread, also rosca de chicharrones, is a leavened bread made of cow lard and added with small rinds made of cow fat, commonly found on local bakeries among with sweet variations without rinds such as rosca de membrillo, (quince (cheese filled) bread) and rosca de dulce de leche (dulce de leche (filled) bread).
Confectioneries for mate
Tortas fritas (fried cakes) are a simple pastry, typical from Argentina and Uruguay and which has many variants along South America. The recipe for the sopaipilla, from which it descends, is argued to be from what is now Germany but they were introduced to Spain by the Arabs at the times of the invasion.
Specifically Tortas fritas are leaveaned fried thin round breads but the aspects that describes them better is the flourishing with sugar, its distinctive hole in the center and the use of cow fat, both for frying and for making the batter.
- Within Uruguayan folklore is stated that tortas fritas are better if made and eaten on rainy days.
Pasteles (pastries) are triangular shaped empanadas that are made from a batter identical to such of tortas fritas with the addition of being puffed using cow fat. As tortas fritas they are also flourished with sugar after fryng. Pasteles are filled only with quince jam or dulce de leche.
- Tortas fritas and pasteles are commonly sold on streets.
Alfajores consist of two round sweet spoungy dougs poured together filled with dulce de leche and covered onto two variants: ″chocolate″ and ″nieve″ (snow).
Nieve variant is called due to its white snowy aspect conferred by the meringue covering.
- Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte: brought by immigrants from Germany, consists of several layers of chocolate cake, with whipped cream and cherries between each layer (Selva Negra).
- Chajá (postre): a dessert with meringue, sponge cake, "Chajá" cream and peaches. It is created by a well known firm in the city of Paysandú.
- Génoise cake: Italian sponge cake served with buttercream frosting, brought by the Italian immigrants (Plantillas).
- Frankfurter Kranz: shaped like a crown in a ring shape, it is filled with buttercream (and also possibly jam or jelly) and topped with caramel-covered brittle nuts, called Krokant. Brought by the German immigrants from Frankfurt am Main. Mainly eaten during holidays and very popular among Uruguayan desserts (Almendrado).
- Prinzregententorte: a cake that consists of at least six thin layers of sponge cake interlaid with chocolate buttercream, the exterior is covered in a dark chocolate glaze. Brought by the German immigrants from Bavaria.
- Isla Flotante, made with egg white and sugar, and served with zabaione.
- Garrapiñada: a very popular treat, made with peanuts covered with cocoa, vanilla and sugar, resembling whole-nut pralines. It is sold in little bags in the downtown's streets.
- Damasquitos: Jelly apricot candies.
- Yemas acarameladas: Egg candy made mainly with egg yolks, vanilla and sugar. It has a spherical shape of about one inch diameter, and covered with a thin layer of hard, transparent, caramelized sugar coating.
- Zapallo en almíbar: Squash in syrup.
- Alfajores: longbread cookies, sandwiched together with Dulce de Leche (caramelized milk) or a fruit paste.
- Yo-yo: Layered pastry filled with Dulce de Leche and coated with chocolate on the upper half. It is shaped like a yo-yo.
- Churros: came from Spain, and are just like those, except some have fillings, like custard cream or Dulce de Leche.
Custards and ice creams
- Dulce de leche: a sweet treat made of milk and sugar. It is used in many Uruguayan desserts.
- Gelato: an Italian variant of ice-cream, flavored with fresh fruit purees, cocoa or nut pastes. If other ingredients such as chocolate flakes, nuts, small confections, cookies, or biscuits are added, they are added after the gelato is frozen. Gelato made with fresh fruit sugar, water, and without dairy ingredients is known as sorbet. Brought by the Italian immigrants.
- Dulce de membrillo: a sweet quince jelly-like preserve.
- Budín inglés: in English: "English pudding". A pudding with fruits and nuts, very popular in Christmas and New Year's Eve.
- Flan: a kind of rich custard dessert with a layer of soft caramel on top. It can be served with Dulce de Leche too (Flan con dulce de leche).
- Martín Fierro: a slice of cheese and a slice of quince preserve (dulce de membrillo).
- Ricardito: Also as popular, this is a cream filled treat, covered with chocolate on a waffle base. It has different variants and it's sold in most kiosks in individual boxes.
- Granita: a semi-frozen dessert of sugar, water, and flavorings originally brought from the Italian immigrants from Sicily.
- Semifreddo: a class of semi-frozen desserts, typically ice-cream cakes, semi-frozen custards, and certain fruit tarts. It has the texture of frozen mousse because it is usually produced by uniting two equal parts of ice cream and whipped cream, brought by the Italian immigrants from Northern Italy.
- Crème caramel: a rich custard dessert with a layer of soft caramel on top, as opposed to crème brûlée, which is custard with a hard caramel top. Brought by the immigrants from France and Spain.
- Bizcochos: buttery flaky pastry with many variants, the croissants being one of the most popular.
- Strudel: the famous apple pie from Germany.
- Pastafrola: an exquisite pie made of quince paste (dulce de membrillo).
- Crêpes: brought by the immigrants from France, popular for a typical Uruguayan breakfast. When sweet, they can be eaten for dessert. They can be filled with various sweet toppings, often including Nutella, sugar (granulated or powdered), maple syrup, lemon juice, whipped cream, fruit spreads, custard, and sliced soft fruits. The most popular are Apple Crepes and Dulce de Leche Crepes.
- Loukoumades: a kind of fried-dough pastry made of deep fried dough soaked in sugar syrup, honey or cinnamon, and sometimes sprinkled with sesame, brought by the Greek immigrants.
- "Lengua a la vinagreta". Montevideo gastronómico. (in Spanish).
- "montevideo gastronomico. Salsa criolla - Montevideo Portal - www.montevideo.com.uy". www.montevideo.com.uy (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- elpais.com.uy. "Uruguay ocupa el 12° lugar en consumo de vino a nivel mundial". elpais.com.uy. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- "Uruguay es el país con mayor consumo de yerba del mundo". Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- "CABA S.A.". caba.com.uy. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- "Historia del Bar "LOS YUYOS"". barrioatahualpa.com. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- "Products - :: Postre Chajá - Confitería Las Familias:: Postre Chajá". postrechaja.com.
Media related to Cuisine of Uruguay at Wikimedia Commons