United States presidential election in North Dakota, 2016

United States presidential election in North Dakota, 2016
North Dakota
November 8, 2016

Nominee Donald Trump Hillary Clinton Gary Johnson
Party Republican Democratic Libertarian
Home state New York New York New Mexico
Running mate Mike Pence Tim Kaine William Weld
Electoral vote 3 0 0
Popular vote 216,794 93,758 21,434
Percentage 62.9% 27.2% 6.2%

County Results

President before election

Barack Obama

Elected President

Donald Trump

The 2016 United States presidential election in North Dakota was held on November 8, 2016, as part of the 2016 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated. North Dakota voters chose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting the Republican Party's nominee, businessman Donald Trump, and running mate Indiana Governor Mike Pence against Democratic Party nominee, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and her running mate, Virginia Senator Tim Kaine.

On June 7, 2016, as part of the Democratic Party presidential primaries, North Dakota voters expressed their preferences for the Democratic party's nominees for President. As North Dakota does not have a voter registration system,[1] all voters could choose to participate in this caucus. Due to a disagreement about the binding of delegates between state and national party leaders, no Republican Party primary or caucus was held. Instead, delegates were chosen at the state party convention April 1–3.[2]

Donald Trump won the election in North Dakota with 62.9% of the vote. Hillary Clinton received 27.2% of the vote.[3] The state also gave Libertarian Party candidate Gary Johnson his second best showing with 6.2% of the vote, only behind the 9.3% of the vote he received in his home state of New Mexico.

Primary elections

Democratic caucus

Three candidates appeared on the Democratic presidential primary ballot:

North Dakota Democratic caucuses, June 7, 2016
Candidate District delegates State delegates
Count Percentage Pledged Unpledged Total
Bernie Sanders 253 64.21% 13 1 14
Hillary Clinton 101 25.63% 5 1 6
Uncommitted 40 10.15% 0 0 0
Total 394 100% 18 5 23
Source: The Green Papers

Republican convention

The North Dakota Republican Party did not hold a presidential preference caucus or primary, but instead selected 28 Republican National Convention delegates unpledged to any particular candidate at the state party convention, which was held April 1–3, 2016.[2] A generally pro-Cruz slate of delegates was elected to the convention.[4] Cruz had the support of 14 delegates before he dropped out of the race. Three of them switched to Trump on May 27 along with all 13 of the uncommitted delegates giving Trump the majority of commitments and the support of 17 delegates (Trump had the support of 1 delegate before Cruz dropped out).

North Dakota Republican state convention, April 1-3, 2016
Candidate Actual delegate count
Bound Unbound Total
Donald Trump 0 17 17
Ted Cruz 0 11 11
John Kasich 0 0 0
(available) 0 0 0
Unprojected delegates: 0 0 0
Total: 0 28 28
Source: The Green Papers

Voting History

North Dakota joined the Union in November 1889 and has participated in all elections from 1892 onwards.

Since 1900, North Dakota voted Democratic 17.24 percent of the time and Republican 82.76 percent of the time.

Since 1968 the state has always voted for Republican and the same is expected to happen this time around as well.[5]


Republican nominee Donald Trump won North Dakota in a 36-percentage-point-routing over Democratic rival Hillary Clinton, thus carrying the state's 3 electoral votes.[6] Like many neighboring majority-white, largely rural Great Plains and prairie states, North Dakota has not supported a Democratic candidate for president since Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964.

North Dakota politics are dominated by the farm, with a largely white and older populace who are socially conservative. Though the state's farming population has briefly flirted with populism, that movement is now mostly faded from North Dakota politics, as farms in North Dakota are no longer tilled by solitary yeoman and are no longer family-owned as much, and are replaced by agribusinesses.[7]

In recent Presidential elections, Bakken shale oil has been a major driver of conservative success in the state, as its economy is increasingly fueled by the North Dakota oil boom and its population grows suspect of the environmental movement championed by Democrats. The main oil boom has taken place in the counties west and northwest of Bismarck, where Donald Trump won sometimes north of 80% of the vote.[8]

Donald Trump won in Grand Forks County which contains the city of Grand Forks, in Cass County which contains the city of Fargo, and in Burliegh County which contains the capital city of Bismarck. He also swept most of the rural and deeply conservative counties of the state, sometimes taking more than 80% of the vote in a county. Clinton won resoundingly in Sioux County, which is majority Native American and is the site of the Dakota Access Pipeline Protest by its inhabitants, the Sioux Indian tribe.

See also


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