United States Senate elections, 1982

United States Senate elections, 1982
United States
November 2, 1982

33 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
Leader Howard Baker Robert Byrd
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Tennessee West Virginia
Last election 53 seats 46 seats
Seats before 54 45
Seats won 54 46
Seat change Steady Increase 1
Popular vote 22,412,928 27,899,651
Percentage 43.4% 54.1%
Swing Decrease 1.3% Increase 2.5%

  Third party
Party Independent
Last election 1 seat
Seats before 1
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 1

  Democratic gain
  Democratic hold
  Republican hold
  Republican gain

Majority Leader before election

Howard Baker

Elected Majority Leader

Howard Baker

The United States Senate elections, 1982 were held on November 2, 1982. It was an election for the United States Senate following Republican gains in 1980. A total of four seats changed hands between parties, and the lone independent, Senator Harry Byrd, retired. Democrats made a net gain of one seat in the election.

Results summary

54 46
Republican Democrat
Parties Total Seats Popular Vote
1980 1982 +/- Vote %
Democratic Party 45 46 Increase 1 27,899,651 54.08%
Republican Party 54 54 Steady 22,412,928 43.44%
Libertarian Party 0 0 Steady 291,576 0.57%
Others 1 0 Decrease 1 985,840 1.91%
Total 100 100 Steady 51,589,995 100.0%

Source: Election Statistics - Office of the Clerk

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 I1 R54 R53 R52 R51
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

As a result of the elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40 D39 D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31
D41 D42 D43O D44 D45+ D46+ R54+ R53+ R52O R51
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
D# Democratic
I# Independent, caucusing with the Democrats
R# Republican
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Gains and losses

Incumbents Howard Cannon of Nevada and Harrison Schmitt of New Mexico lost seats to the opposite party, the open seat in Virginia that had been held by independent Harry F. Byrd, Jr. was taken by a Republican, and the open seat in New Jersey that was held by an appointed Republican was taken by a Democrat.

Later changes

In 1983, Henry M. Jackson (D-WA) died, and a Republican, Dan Evans, was appointed to fill the vacancy, holding on to the seat in a special election later that year. This is not included in the numbers below.

Complete list of races

A bolded state name indicates an article about that state's election.

State Incumbent Party Results Candidates
Arizona Dennis DeConcini Democratic Re-elected Dennis DeConcini (Democratic) 56.9%
Pete Dunn (Republican) 40.3%
Randall Clamons (Libertarian) 2.8%
California S. I. Hayakawa Republican Retired
Republican hold
Pete Wilson (Republican) 51.5%
Jerry Brown (Democratic) 44.8%
Tena Dietrich (American Ind.) 1.4%
David Wald (Peace & Freedom) 1.2%
Joseph Fuhrig (Libertarian) 1.1%
Connecticut Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. Republican Re-elected Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. (Republican) 50.4%
Toby Moffett (Democratic) 46.1%
Lucien DiFazio (Conservative) 2.8%
James A. Lewis (Libertarian) 0.7%
Delaware William V. Roth, Jr. Republican Re-elected William V. Roth, Jr. (Republican) 55.2%
David N. Levinson (Democratic) 44.2%
Florida Lawton Chiles Democratic Re-elected Lawton Chiles (Democratic) 61.7%
Van B. Poole (Republican) 38.3%
Hawaii Spark Matsunaga Democratic Re-elected Spark Matsunaga (Democratic) 80.1%
Clarence J. Brown (Republican) 17.0%
E Floyd Bernier-Nachtwey (Independent) 2.9%
Indiana Richard Lugar Republican Re-elected Richard Lugar (Republican) 53.8%
Floyd Fithian (Democratic) 45.6%
Raymond James (American) 0.6%
Maine George Mitchell Democratic Appointee elected to the next term George Mitchell (Democratic) 60.9%
David F. Emery (Republican) 39.1%
Maryland Paul Sarbanes Democratic Re-elected Paul Sarbanes (Democratic) 63.5%
Lawrence Hogan (Republican) 36.5%
Massachusetts Ted Kennedy Democratic Re-elected Edward M. Kennedy (Democratic) 60.8%
Ray Shamie (Republican) 38.3%
Howard S. Katz (Libertarian) 0.9%
Michigan Donald W. Riegle, Jr. Democratic Re-elected Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (Democratic) 57.7%
Philip Ruppe (Republican) 40.9%
Minnesota David Durenberger Republican Re-elected David Durenberger (Republican) 52.6%
Mark Dayton (Democratic) 46.6%
Mississippi John C. Stennis Democratic Re-elected John C. Stennis (Democratic) 64.2%
Haley Barbour (Republican) 35.8%
Missouri John Danforth Republican Re-elected John Danforth (Republican) 50.8%
Harriett Woods (Democratic) 49.1%
Montana John Melcher Democratic Re-elected John Melcher (Democratic) 54.4%
Larry R. Williams (Republican) 41.7%
Larry Dodge (Libertarian) 3.9%
Nebraska Edward Zorinsky Democratic Re-elected Edward Zorinsky (Democratic) 66.6%
Jim Keck (Republican) 28.5%
Virginia Walsh (Independent) 4.9%
Nevada Howard Cannon Democratic Lost re-election
Republican gain
Chic Hecht (Republican) 50.1%
Howard Cannon (Democratic) 47.7%
New Jersey Nicholas F. Brady Republican Retired
Democratic gain
Frank Lautenberg (Democratic) 50.9%
Millicent Fenwick (Republican) 47.8%
New Mexico Harrison Schmitt Republican Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Jeff Bingaman (Democratic) 53.8%
Harrison Schmitt (Republican) 46.2%
New York Daniel Patrick Moynihan Democratic Re-elected Daniel Patrick Moynihan (Democratic) 65.1%
Florence M. Sullivan (Republican) 34.2%
North Dakota Quentin N. Burdick Democratic Re-elected Quentin N. Burdick (Democratic) 62.8%
Gene Knorr (Republican) 34.0%
Anna B. Bourgois (Independent) 3.1%
Ohio Howard Metzenbaum Democratic Re-elected Howard Metzenbaum (Democratic) 56.7%
Paul E. Pfeifer (Republican) 41.1%
Pennsylvania H. John Heinz III Republican Re-elected H. John Heinz III (Republican) 59.3%
Cyril Wecht (Democratic) 39.2%
Rhode Island John Chafee Republican Re-elected John Chafee (Republican) 51.2%
Julius C. Michaelson (Democratic) 48.8%
Tennessee Jim Sasser Democratic Re-elected Jim Sasser (Democratic) 61.9%
Robin Beard (Republican) 38.1%
Texas Lloyd Bentsen Democratic Re-elected Lloyd Bentsen (Democratic) 58.6%
James M. Collins (Republican) 40.5%
Utah Orrin Hatch Republican Re-elected Orrin G. Hatch (Republican) 58.3%
Ted Wilson (Democratic) 41.3%
George Mercier (Libertarian) 0.2%
Lawrence R Kauffman (American) 0.2%
Vermont Robert Stafford Republican Re-elected Robert Stafford (Republican) 50.3%
James A. Guest (Democratic) 47.2%
Virginia Harry F. Byrd, Jr. Independent Retired
Republican gain
Paul S. Trible, Jr. (Republican) 51.2%
Richard Joseph Davis (Democratic) 48.8%
Washington Henry M. Jackson Democratic Re-elected Henry M. Jackson (Democratic) 68.9%
Doug Jewett (Republican) 24.3%
King Lysen (Independent) 5.3%
Jesse Chiang (Libertarian) 1.5%
West Virginia Robert Byrd Democratic Re-elected Robert C. Byrd (Democratic) 68.5%
Cleve Benedict (Republican) 30.8%
William B. Howland (Socialist Workers) 0.7%
Wisconsin William Proxmire Democratic Re-elected E. William Proxmire (Democratic) 63.6%
Scott McCallum (Republican) 34.1%
Wyoming Malcolm Wallop Republican Re-elected Malcolm Wallop (Republican) 56.7%
Rodger McDaniel (Democratic) 43.3%

See also

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