United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
|United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse at 40 Centre Street.
Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse|
New York City
|Established||June 16, 1891|
|Chief judge||Robert A. Katzmann|
|Circuit justice||Ruth Bader Ginsburg|
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. Its territory comprises the states of Connecticut, New York, and Vermont, and the court has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
- District of Connecticut
- Eastern District of New York
- Northern District of New York
- Southern District of New York
- Western District of New York
- District of Vermont
The Second Circuit has its clerk's office and hears oral arguments at the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse at 40 Foley Square in Lower Manhattan. Due to renovations at that building, from 2006 until early 2013, the court temporarily relocated to the Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse across Pearl Street from Foley Square, and certain court offices temporarily relocated to the Woolworth Building at 233 Broadway.
Current composition of the court
With 11 active and 11 senior judges, the Second Circuit is midsized among the thirteen United States courts of appeals.
As of September 5, 2016, the active judges on the court are as follows: Eleven former circuit judges continue to serve on senior status:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|59||Chief Judge||Robert Katzmann||New York, NY||1953||1999–present||2013–present||—||Clinton|
|50||Circuit Judge||Dennis G. Jacobs||New York, NY||1944||1992–present||2006–2013||—||G.H.W. Bush|
|53||Circuit Judge||José A. Cabranes||New Haven, CT||1940||1994–present||—||—||Clinton|
|55||Circuit Judge||Rosemary S. Pooler||Syracuse, NY||1938||1998–present||—||—||Clinton|
|61||Circuit Judge||Reena Raggi||Brooklyn, NY||1951||2002–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|63||Circuit Judge||Peter W. Hall||Rutland, VT||1948||2004–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|64||Circuit Judge||Debra Ann Livingston||New York, NY||1959||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|66||Circuit Judge||Denny Chin||New York, NY||1954||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|67||Circuit Judge||Raymond Lohier, Jr.||New York, NY||1965||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|68||Circuit Judge||Susan L. Carney||New Haven, CT||1951||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|69||Circuit Judge||Christopher F. Droney||Hartford, CT||1954||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|39||Senior Judge||Jon Ormond Newman||Hartford, CT||1932||1979–1997||1993–1997||1997–present||Carter|
|40||Senior Judge||Amalya Lyle Kearse||New York, NY||1937||1979–2002||—||2002–present||Carter|
|43||Senior Judge||Ralph K. Winter, Jr.||New Haven, CT||1935||1981–2000||1997–2000||2000–present||Reagan|
|48||Senior Judge||John M. Walker, Jr.||New Haven, CT||1940||1989–2006||2000–2006||2006–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|51||Senior Judge||Pierre N. Leval||New York, NY||1936||1993–2002||—||2002–present||Clinton|
|52||Senior Judge||Guido Calabresi||New Haven, CT||1932||1994–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|56||Senior Judge||Chester J. Straub||New York, NY||1937||1998–2008||—||2008–present||Clinton|
|57||Senior Judge||Robert D. Sack||New York, NY||1939||1998–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|60||Senior Judge||Barrington Daniels Parker, Jr.||New York, NY||1944||2001–2009||—||2009–present||G.W. Bush|
|62||Senior Judge||Richard C. Wesley||Geneseo, NY||1949||2003–2016||—||2016–present||G.W. Bush|
|65||Senior Judge||Gerard E. Lynch||New York, NY||1951||2009–2016||—||2016–present||Obama|
Vacancies and pending nominations
|Seat||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|6||Richard C. Wesley||Senior Status||August 1, 2016||–||–|
|8||Gerard E. Lynch||Senior Status||September 5, 2016||–||–|
List of former judges
Forty six judges used to serve on the court, but no longer do:
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by|| Reason for|
|1||Wallace, William JamesWilliam James Wallace||NY||1837–1917||1891–1907||—||—||Arthur, Arthur||retirement|
|2||Lacombe, Emile HenryEmile Henry Lacombe||NY||1846–1924||1891–1916||—||—||Cleveland, Cleveland||retirement|
|3||Shipman, NathanielNathaniel Shipman||CT||1828–1906||1892–1902||—||—||Harrison, B.B. Harrison||retirement|
|4||Townsend, William KneelandWilliam Kneeland Townsend||CT||1849–1907||1902–1907||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||death|
|5||Coxe, Sr., Alfred ConklingAlfred Conkling Coxe, Sr.||NY||1847–1923||1902–1917||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||retirement|
|6||Ward, Henry GalbraithHenry Galbraith Ward||NY||1851–1933||1907–1921||—||1921–1924||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||retirement|
|7||Noyes, Walter ChadwickWalter Chadwick Noyes||CT||1865–1926||1907–1913||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||resignation|
|8||Rogers, Henry WadeHenry Wade Rogers||CT||1853–1926||1913–1926||—||—||Wilson, Wilson||death|
|9||Hough, Charles MerrillCharles Merrill Hough||NY||1858–1927||1916–1927||—||—||Wilson, Wilson||death|
|10||Manton, Martin ThomasMartin Thomas Manton||NY||1880–1946||1918–1939||—||—||Wilson, Wilson||resignation|
|11||Mayer, Julius MarshuetzJulius Marshuetz Mayer||NY||1865–1925||1921–1924||—||—||Harding, Harding||resignation|
|12||Hand, LearnedLearned Hand||NY||1872–1961||1924–1951||1948–1951||1951–1961||Coolidge, Coolidge||death|
|13||Swan, Thomas WalterThomas Walter Swan||CT||1877–1975||1926–1953||1951–1953||1953–1975||Coolidge, Coolidge||death|
|14||Hand, Augustus NobleAugustus Noble Hand||NY||1869–1954||1927–1953||—||1953–1954||Coolidge, Coolidge||death|
|15||Chase, Harrie BrighamHarrie Brigham Chase||VT||1889–1969||1929–1954||1953–1954||1954–1969||Coolidge, Coolidge||death|
|16||Clark, Charles EdwardCharles Edward Clark||CT||1889–1963||1939–1963||1954–1959||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|17||Patterson, Sr., Robert PorterRobert Porter Patterson, Sr.||NY||1891–1952||1939–1940||—||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||resignation|
|18||Frank, Jerome NewJerome New Frank||NY||1889–1957||1941–1957||—||—||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|19||Medina, Harold RaymondHarold Raymond Medina||NY||1888–1990||1951–1958||—||1958–1980||Truman, Truman||retirement|
|20||Hincks, Carroll ClarkCarroll Clark Hincks||CT||1889–1964||1953–1959||—||1959–1964||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|21||Harlan II, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan II||NY||1899–1971||1954–1955||—||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||elevated to SCOTUS|
|22||Lumbard, Joseph EdwardJoseph Edward Lumbard||NY||1901–1999||1955–1971||1959–1971||1971–1999||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|23||Waterman, Sterry RobinsonSterry Robinson Waterman||VT||1901–1984||1955–1970||—||1970–1984||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|24||Moore, Leonard PageLeonard Page Moore||NY||1898–1982||1957–1971||—||1971–1982||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|25||Friendly, HenryHenry Friendly||NY||1903–1986||1959–1974||1971–1973||1974–1986||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|26||Smith, John JosephJohn Joseph Smith||CT||1904–1980||1960–1971||—||1971–1980||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|27||Kaufman, IrvingIrving Kaufman||NY||1910–1992||1961–1987||1973–1980||1987–1992||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|28||Hays, Paul RaymondPaul Raymond Hays||NY||1903–1980||1962–1974||—||1974–1980||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|29||Marshall, ThurgoodThurgood Marshall||NY||1908–1993||1962–1965||—||—||Kennedy, Kennedy||resignation|
|30||Anderson, Robert PalmerRobert Palmer Anderson||CT||1906–1978||1964–1971||—||1971–1978||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|31||Feinberg, WilfredWilfred Feinberg||NY||1920–2014||1966–1991||1980–1988||1991–2014||L. Johnson||death|
|32||Mansfield, Walter RoeWalter Roe Mansfield||NY||1911–1987||1971–1981||—||1981–1987||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|33||Mulligan, William HughesWilliam Hughes Mulligan||NY||1918–1996||1971–1981||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||resignation|
|34||Oakes, James LowellJames Lowell Oakes||VT||1924–2007||1971–1992||1988–1992||1992–2007||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|35||Timbers, William HomerWilliam Homer Timbers||CT||1915–1994||1971–1981||—||1981–1994||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|36||Gurfein, Murray IrwinMurray Irwin Gurfein||NY||1907–1979||1974–1979||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|37||Van Graafeiland, Ellsworth AlfredEllsworth Alfred Van Graafeiland||NY||1915–2004||1974–1985||—||1985–2004||Ford, Ford||death|
|38||Meskill, Thomas JosephThomas Joseph Meskill||CT||1928–2007||1975–1993||1992–1993||1993–2007||Ford, Ford||death|
|41||Cardamone, Richard J.Richard J. Cardamone||NY||1925–2015||1981–1993||—||1993–2015||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|42||Pierce, Lawrence WarrenLawrence Warren Pierce||NY||1924–present||1981–1990||—||1990–1995||Reagan, Reagan||retirement|
|44||Pratt, George CheneyGeorge Cheney Pratt||NY||1928–present||1982–1993||—||1993–1995||Reagan, Reagan||retirement|
|45||Miner, Roger JeffreyRoger Jeffrey Miner||NY||1934–2012||1985–1997||—||1997–2012||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|46||Altimari, Frank X.Frank X. Altimari||NY||1928–1998||1985–1996||—||1996–1998||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|47||Mahoney, John DanielJohn Daniel Mahoney||NY||1931–1996||1986–1996||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|49||McLaughlin, Joseph MichaelJoseph Michael McLaughlin||NY||1933–2013||1990–1998||—||1998–2013||G.H.W. Bush, G.H.W. Bush||death|
|54||Parker, Fred I.Fred I. Parker||VT||1938–2003||1994–2003||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||death|
|58||Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor||NY||1954–present||1998–2009||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||elevated to SCOTUS|
- Wallace was appointed as a circuit judge for the Second Circuit in 1882 by Chester A. Arthur. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
- Lacombe was appointed as a circuit judge for the Second Circuit in 1887 by Grover Cleveland. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seats
The court has thirteen seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the president.
- Judge Learned Hand served on the Second Circuit from 1924 to 1961, as did his cousin, Augustus Noble Hand, from 1927 until 1953.
- Judge Henry Friendly served on the court from 1959 to 1986, and wrote a large number of notable and enduring opinions.
- Three U.S. Supreme Court Justices previously served on the Second Circuit: John Marshall Harlan II, Thurgood Marshall, and Sonia Sotomayor.
- "Facelift Scheduled for Federal Courthouse - The New York Sun". www.nysun.com. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
- "Standard Search". Federal Law Clerk Information System. Retrieved May 29, 2005.
- "Instructions for Judicial Directory". Website of the University of Texas Law School. Archived from the original on November 11, 2005. Retrieved July 4, 2005.
- Recess appointment, confirmed by the United States Senate at a later date.
|Wikisource has original works on the topic: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|