Union of the Centre (1993)

For the current party with the same name, see Union of the Centre (2002).
Union of the Centre
Unione di Centro
President Raffaele Costa
Founded 1993 (1993)
Dissolved 1998 (1998)
Split from Italian Liberal Party
Merged into Forza Italia
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Ideology Liberalism (Italy)
Political position Centre-right
National affiliation Pole of Freedoms/Pole of Good Government (1994–96)
Pole for Freedoms (1996–98)
European affiliation none
International affiliation none
European Parliament group Forza Europa (1994–95)

The Union of the Centre (Italian: Unione di Centro, UdC) was a minor liberal political party in Italy. The party was a successor of the Italian Liberal Party.[1]


The party was founded on 27 May 1993 as a "Giscardian rassemblement" by Raffaele Costa, leader of the Italian Liberal Party (PLI). The UdC included Liberals (Alfredo Biondi, Stefano de Luca, Giacomo Paire, Valentino Martelli, etc.), members of the Italian Republican Party (Guglielmo Castagnetti, Vincenzo Garaffa, Gaetano Gorgoni, etc.), members of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (as Maurizio Pagani) and even Christian Democrats (as Eugenio Tarabini).[2][3][4][5]

In February 1993 PLI was dissolved into the Federation of Liberals (FdL),[6] which elected Raffaello Morelli secretary and Biondi president.[7] Costa refused to join the new party and led the UdC into the coalitions formed around Forza Italia (FI), the Pole of Freedoms in the North and the Pole of Good Government in the South.

At the 1994 general election the UdC elected some candidates with FI: Biondi (who was still president of the FdL, which sided with the Segni Pact), Costa, Enrico Nan and Enzo Savarese to the Chamber of Deputies, Livio Caputo and Carlo Scognamiglio to the Senate.[8] The latter was elected President of the Senate, while Biondi was justice minister and Costa health minister in Silvio Berlusconi's first government (1994–1995).[9] In the 1994 European Parliament election two members of the UdC, de Luca and Luigi Florio, were elected to the European Parliament.[10][11] In the 1996 general election the UdC had three deputies (Biondi, Costa, Nan and Savarese) and two senators (Scognamiglio and Jas Gawronski) elected.[8]

In 1998 the UdC was merged into FI.[12] The activity of the UDC continued through the Liberal Union of the Centre, a political association,[13][14][15] and Popular Liberalism, a faction within FI.[16] Both Biondi[17] and Costa later left FI/PdL.


  1. Luciano Bardi; Piero Ignazi (1 January 1998). Piero Ignazi; Colette Ysmal, eds. The Organization of Political Parties in Southern Europe. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-275-95612-7.
  2. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1993/maggio/28/nata_Unione_Centro_co_0_93052811908.shtml
  3. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1993/luglio/12/Biondi_Costa_centristi_affrettiamoci_unirci_co_0_9307123785.shtml
  4. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1993/luglio/17/Costa_alleanze_centro_rischiamo_sparire_co_0_930717445.shtml
  5. http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/1994/02/10/lettere.html
  6. http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/1994/02/07/anche-il-pli-si-scioglie.html
  7. http://ricerca.repubblica.it/repubblica/archivio/repubblica/1994/07/25/il-nuovo-partito-liberale-morelli-eletto-segretario.html
  8. 1 2 http://www.europe-politique.eu/wiki/Unione_di_Centro_%28UDC%29_1994
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  10. http://www.radioradicale.it/scheda/66506/66576-congresso-dellunione-di-centro
  11. http://www.adnkronos.com/Archivio/AdnAgenzia/1994/06/13/Politica/EUROPEE-DE-LUCA-AL-PARLAMENTO_180500.php
  12. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1998/aprile/19/Forza_Italia_alla_fine_coro_co_0_980419924.shtml
  13. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1999/luglio/12/Referendum_via_con_firme_co_0_9907127248.shtml
  14. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1999/luglio/13/Radio_vendesi_causa_referendum_co_0_9907137281.shtml
  15. http://www.radioradicale.it/scheda/266065/congresso-2008-dellunione-liberale-di-centro
  16. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/2003/luglio/21/liberali_Forza_Italia_diventano_una_co_0_030721030.shtml
  17. http://genova.repubblica.it/cronaca/2010/10/26/news/biondi-8446278/
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