Union of Democrats and Independents
|Honorary President||Jean-Louis Borloo|
|Founded||September 18, 2012|
|Headquarters||22 bis, rue des Volontaires, Paris|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Colours||Light blue and violet|
28 / 577
43 / 348
2 / 74
120 / 1,880
The Union of Democrats and Independents (French: Union des démocrates et indépendants, UDI) is a centre-right political party in France founded on 18 September 2012 on the basis of the parliamentary group of the same name. The party is composed of eight separate political parties who retain their independence. The former UDI's president and leader Jean-Louis Borloo claims to have 50,000 members. The president is Jean-Christophe Lagarde, who was elected at the congress of the party on 15 November 2014, after the resignation of Jean-Louis Borloo on 6 April 2014 for health reasons.
On 9 October 2012, the leaderships of the parties making up the UDI parliamentary group announced the creation of a new political party and set up a temporary office in Paris. On 21 October, a founding assembly was convened at the Maison de la Mutualité in Paris, which marked the official foundation of the movement.
Following the congress of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) on 18 November 2012 and the ensuing tensions between the two rival candidates for the party's presidency, a number of leading figures of the UMP announced that they were joining the UDI, including former cabinet minister and deputy Pierre Méhaignerie and Mayenne deputy Yannick Favennec. However, during a legislative by-election on 9 and 16 December 2012 in the Val-de-Marne's 1st constituency, UDI incumbent Henri Plagnol - a former member of the UMP who had joined the UDI in June - was defeated by a right-wing dissident, Sylvain Berrios.
On 9 June 2013, the UDI gained a deputy (Meyer Habib) at the by-election in the Eighth constituency for French residents overseas, but this contribution was found cancelled with Gilles Bourdouleix's resignation from UDI after the controversy for allegedly saying Adolf Hitler had not killed enough Romani people.
The UDI became a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party on 2 December 2016.
The UDI is made up of nine political parties:
- Radical Party (PR; leader: Jean-Louis Borloo; ideology: Liberalism; 6 deputies, 5 senators, 1 MEP) ;
- New Centre (NC; leader: Hervé Morin; ideology: Centrism, Social liberalism; 8 deputies, 8 senators, 1 MEP);
- Centrist Alliance (AC; leader: Jean Arthuis; Ideology: Centrism; 2 deputies, 8 senators);
- Democratic European Force (FED; leader: Jean-Christophe Lagarde; Ideology: Christian democracy; 4 deputies, 4 senators, 1 MEP);
- Modern Left (LGM; leader: Jean-Marie Bockel; ideology: Social liberalism; 1 senator and 2 MEPs);
- Territories in Movement (TeM; leader: Jean-Christophe Fromantin; Ideology: Liberalism; 1 deputy);
- National Centre of Independents and Peasants (CNIP; leader: Gilles Bourdouleix; Ideology: Liberal conservatism; 1 deputy);
- Liberal Democratic Party (PLD; leader: Aurélien Véron; Ideology: Libertarianism; 0 deputy).
- New Democrat Ecology (NED; leader: Éric Delhaye; Ideology: Ecologism; 0 deputy).
- President: Jean-Louis Borloo (PR)
- General-delegate: Yves Jégo (PR)
- Vice-president (European project): Jean Arthuis (AC)
- Vice-president (Political project): Jean-Christophe Fromantin (TeM)
- Vice-president (Feminization and rejuvenation): Sophie Auconie (NC)
- Vice-president: Chantal Jouanno (ex-UMP)
- Vice-president: Gilles Bourdouleix (CNIP)
- National delegate: Alain Dolium (MoDem)
- President of the national council: Hervé Morin (NC)
- President of the nominations commission: Rama Yade (PR)
- Institutional spokespersons: Maurice Leroy (NC) and Philippe Vigier (NC)
- Secretaries general: Jean-Christophe Lagarde (FED) and Laurent Hénart (PR)
- Deputy secretaries general : Florent Montillot and Hervé Marseille (FED)
- President of the arbitration and control commission: Hervé Maurey (NC)
- General director: Éric Azière (ex-MoDem)
- President : Jean-Christophe Lagarde
- Vice-president : Yves Jégo
- Vice-president : Valérie Létard
- Vice-president : Philippe Folliot
- Vice-president : Catherine Morin-Desailly
- Vice-president : Jean-Marie Bockel
- Vice-president : Sophie Auconie
- Vice-president : François Sauvadet
- Vice-president : Louis Giscard d'Estaing
- Vice-president : Arnaud Richard
- Vice-president : Bertrand Pancher
- Vice-president : Yannick Favennec
- National Council president : Laurent Hénart
- General delegate : Franck Reynier
- General secretaries : Brigitte Fouré, Michel Zumkeller
- Spokespersons : Chantal Jouanno, Jean-Marie Bockel, Laurent Degallaix, Daniel Leca
|Election year|| # of
| % of
| # of
overall seats won
0 / 577
|Election year|| # of
| % of
| # of
overall seats won
7 / 74
- Jocelyn Evans; Gilles Ivaldi (2013). The 2012 French Presidential Elections: The Inevitable Alternation. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 182.
- Le premier pari réussi de Borloo et de l'UDI , Le Monde, October 22, 2012.
- Défaite de l'UDI Henri Plagnol
- Official 2013 by-election
- Gilles Bourdouleix resigned to UDI
- Le CNI rejoint l'UDI de Borloo, Le Figaro, September 19, 2012.
- Un petit parti libéral rejoint l'UDI, Le Figaro, January 15, 2013.
- Clivage à CAP21 : Création de Nouvelle Ecologie Démocrate
- Borloo jette les fondations de son nouveau parti Archived May 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., September 18, 2012.
- Le Pacte fondateur de l'UDI, October 23, 2012.