Unified State Exam

Unified State Exam (Russian: Единый государственный экзамен, ЕГЭ, Yediniy gosudarstvenniy ekzamen, EGE) is an exam in the Russian Federation. It is in fact a series of exams every student must pass after graduation from school to enter a university or a professional college. Since 2009, USE is the only form of graduation examinations in schools and the main form of preliminary examinations in universities. A student can take USE in Russian language, mathematics, foreign languages (English, German, French, Spanish), physics, chemistry, biology, geography, literature, history, basics of social sciences and computing science.[1][2][3] USE in Russian language and mathematics are obligatory; that means that every student needs to get the necessary results in these subjects to enter any Russian university or get a high school diploma.


The USE was introduced in Russia in 2001 first as an educational experiment, initially held in a few parts of Russia: the Republic of Chuvashia, Republic of Mari El, Republic of Yakutia, as well as in Samara Region and Rostov Region. The first experimental examination was only held by the eight general classes. In 2002 this experiment was continued in 16 regions of Russia, expanded to 47 regions in 2003, then in 2006 about 950 thousand school graduates took the test all over Russia. In 2008 that number rose to more than one million graduates. The list of schools and classes to take part in USE in 2001-2008 was determined by local public education authorities in the regions of Russia.

At present the USE is administered by The Federal Service for Supervision in Education and Science together with the local public education authorities of the regions of Russia.


The task for each subject USE test consists of two parts (with the exception of the ones in mathematics and literature): I and II.

The I part contains tasks in which student must give a short written answer, usually several letters or numbers.

The II part contains one or several tasks in which student must use his creativity to complete them. For example, he can be given a hard mathematical exercise to solve, a composition to write or a question to answer argumentatively. Unlike the two previous parts, which are checked by a computer, the C part is checked by three experts of the regional examination committee.

The USE paper forms

There are four stationery forms used in the course of each subject USE test: the registration form, the answer sheet №1 (which is used to record answers for parts A and B), the primary answer sheet №2 (used to write answers for Part C), and the additional answer sheet №2 (handed out only if the primary sheet №2 gets filled up). A student can write on both sides of sheet №2 if needed.

Rules for registration and filling the headers and answers in the forms of the USE are quite strict and are described in a special instruction. Failure to adhere to the guidelines while filling the forms may result in uncredited answers and void examinations.


  1. Федеральный закон № 17-ФЗ от 09.02.2007 о введении ЕГЭ
  2. Приказ Минобрнауки № 2451 от 11.10.2011 «Об утверждении порядка проведения Единого государственного экзамена».
  3. Тринадцать на удачу (Объявлены правила проведения ЕГЭ на 2009 год) // Мария Агранович, Российская газета, 2008-12-01.
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