Ultra Mega Power Projects

Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) are a series of ambitious power stations planned by the Government of India.This would entail the creation of an additional capacity of at least 100,000 MW by 2022. Ultra Mega Power projects, each with a capacity of 4000 MW or above, are being developed with the aim of bridging this gap.

The UMPPs are seen as an expansion of the MPP (Mega Power Projects) projects that the Government of India undertook in the 1990s, but met with limited success. The Ministry of Power, in association with the Central Electricity Authority and Power Finance Corporation Ltd., has launched an initiative for the development of coal-based UMPP's in India. These projects will be awarded to developers on the basis of competitive bidding.[1]

Based on supercritical technology, 16,000 MW of capacity has been contracted through the competitive bidding process for UMPPs. The average tariff for these projects is in the range of 2-3 per kwh which is much lower than the recent cost plus tariffs. The first UMPP, developed by Tata Power at Mundra, Gujarat has been commissioned and contributes 4,000 MW in power to the Western grid.

Special purpose vehicles

Special purpose vehicles (SPV), or shell companies, have been set up as wholly owned subsidiaries of the Power Finance Corporation for each UMPP that will be built. The SPV obtains various clearances, water linkage, coal mine allocation (for domestic coal based projects) etc. for the project. The SPV also initiates action for land acquisition in the name of the SPV, selects the developer through a tariff based competitive bidding process and finally transfers the SPV to the identified developer along with the various clearances, tie ups, etc.[2] The developer is then responsible to build–own–operate (BOO) these UMPP plants.

List of proposed UMPPs

According to the Power Finance Corporation, 16 UMPPs are envisioned.[3] As of July 2012, 12 SPVs had been formed. Currently, two UMPPs have been commissioned. The table below shows the status of the 12 UMPPs for which SPVs have been formed.

State Plant Special Purpose Vehicle Owner Capacity (MW) Fuel source Status
Andhra PradeshKrishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power ProjectCoastal Andhra Power Ltd.Reliance Power3960Imported coalDeferred or Postpone
Nayunipalli Ultra Mega Power ProjectTatiya Andhra Mega Power Ltd.not yet awarded4000Imported coalProposed
ChhattisgarhSurguja Ultra Mega Power ProjectChhattisgarh Surguja Power Ltd.not yet awarded4000local coal mineUncertain
GujaratMundra Ultra Mega Power ProjectCoastal Gujarat Power Ltd.Tata Power4000Imported coal (5x800 MW). All units are fully functional.[4]
JharkhandTilaiya Ultra Mega Power ProjectJharkhand Integrated Power Ltd.Reliance Power3960local coal mine Unknown. Reliance quit.[5]
KarnatakaTadri Ultra Mega Power ProjectCoastal Karnataka Power Ltd.not yet awarded4000Imported coalDeferred
Madhya PradeshSasan Ultra Mega Power ProjectSasan Power Ltd.Reliance Power3960local coal mine(6x660MW) All units operational[6]
MaharashtraGirye Ultra Mega Power ProjectCoastal Maharashtra Mega Power Ltd.not yet awarded4000Imported coalDeferred
OdishaBhedabahal Ultra Mega Power ProjectOrissa Integrated Power Ltd.not yet awarded4000local coal mineBids invited by Government of India.[7]
Sakhigopal Ultra Mega Power ProjectSakhigopal Integrated Power Co. Ltd.not yet awarded4000Imported coalProposed
Ghogarpalli Ultra Mega Power ProjectGhogarpalli Integrated Power Co. Ltd.not yet awarded4000local coal mineProposed
Tamil NaduCheyyur Ultra Mega Power ProjectCoastal Tamil Nadu Power Ltd.not yet awarded4000Imported coal The IEEFA found it to be unviable.[8] Bids invited by Government of India.[7]
Uttar PradeshEtah Ultra Mega Power ProjectCoastal Uttar pradesh Power Ltd.not yet awarded4000Imported coal Bids invited by Government of India.[7]
BiharPresently being decided[9][10][11]------------ not yet awarded4000local coal mineunder development

Operational costs

The project is being developed with the intention of providing power to consumers at minimum cost. Because of the huge size of these power plants, the cost of the electricity would be lower due to the economies of scale. The plants are estimated to cost roughly 15,000 crores each to set up.[12] The cost of generation per unit is estimated at under 2.[13]

See also


  1. India Yearbook 2007. Publications Division,Ministry of Information & Broadcasting,Govt. Of India. p. Pg. 263. ISBN 81-230-1423-6.
  2. "Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) – Govt. of India Initiatives". Pfc.gov.in. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
  3. "Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP)," Power Finance Corporation Ltd., accessed July 2012
  4. Virendra Pandit (2013-03-25). "Tata Power commissions Mundra UMPP 5th unit | Business Line". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  5. By PTI (2015-04-29). "As Reliance Power walks out of Tilaiya project, NTPC ready to walk in - The Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  6. PTI Aug 26, 2014, 12.57PM IST. "Reliance Power commissions 5th unit of its Sasan UMPP - timesofindia-economictimes". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  7. 1 2 3 Siddhartha P Saikia (2014-02-23). "Bids for Tamil Nadu, Odisha mega power projects to be deferred by two months | Business Line". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  8. http://ieefa.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Cheyyur-UMPP-Financial-Plan-Will-Make-Electricity-Unaffordable-May-2015.pdf
  9. PTI Nov 15, 2014, 09.20PM IST. "4,000 mw ultra mega power plant for Bihar announced - timesofindia-economictimes". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  10. Share on Twitter (2014-11-15). "Bihar to get 4,000MW power plant, says Goyal - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  11. "Bihar will a 4,000 MW Ultra Mega Power Plant - Mr Goyal". Steelguru.com. 2014-11-16. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  12. Microsoft Word - MOP_UMPP.doc
  13. The Hindu Business Line : `Ultra-mega' power plants — Generation cost to be under 2 per unit

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/27/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.