USS McCracken (APA-198)
|Ordered:||as type VC2-S-AP5|
|Laid down:||8 June 1944|
|Launched:||29 September 1944|
|Acquired:||21 October 1944|
|Commissioned:||21 October 1944|
|Decommissioned:||10 October 1946|
|Struck:||1 October 1958|
|Displacement:||14,833 (full load)|
|Length:||455 ft 0 in (138.68 m)|
|Beam:||62 ft 0 in (18.90 m)|
|Draught:||28 ft 1 in (8.56 m)|
|Boats & landing |
|two LCM, twelve LCVP, three LCPU|
|Capacity:||150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons|
|Complement:||56 Officers 480 Enlisted|
World War II service
McCracken (APA 198) was laid down under Maritime Commission contract by Kaiser Shipbuilding Co., Inc., Vancouver, Washington, 8 June 1944; launched 29 September 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Albert Bauer; acquired by the Navy21 October 1944; and commissioned at Astoria, Oregon, 21 October 1944, Comdr. Brainerd N. Bock in command.
After shakedown and training along the U.S. West Coast, McCracken embarked troops at San Pedro, California, and sailed for Pearl Harbor 27 December. Arriving there 2 January 1945, she departed for the South Pacific Ocean 10 January. Carrying troops and cargo, she reached Noumea, New Caledonia, 20 January. Thence between 26 and 31 January, she steamed via the Russell Islands to Guadalcanal, Solomons, where she began 6 weeks of intensive training. Assigned to TransDiv 52, she departed Guadalcanal 15 March and steamed for the invasion of Okinawa.
Landing troops and their equipment on Okinawa
After touching at Ulithi, Caroline Islands, McCracken closed the beaches off Okinawa early 1 April and debarked assault troops shortly after sunrise. During the day she off loaded cargo despite enemy air attacks. She remained off Okinawa until 6 April, but heavy weather prevented her from discharging troops and cargo.
Disembarking troops on Saipan and Okinawa
Between 6 and 10 April McCracken steamed to Saipan and debarked her remaining troops. Departing 11 April, she arrived Pearl Harbor the 22d. On 5 May she sailed to San Francisco, California, embarked troops and cargo, and returned to Pearl Harbor 26 May. Three days later she sailed westward carrying Navy Seabees and Army Engineers, arriving Buckner Bay, Okinawa, 5 July. After discharging men and supplies, she embarked elements of the 6th Marine Division at Hagushi 9 July, and from 10 to 16 July transported them to Guam.
Landing troops in the Philippine Islands
McCracken sailed for the U.S. west coast 17 July, arriving San Francisco the 30th. She loaded dry provisions there; embarked more than 1,400 Army troops at San Pedro, California; and departed 16 August, arriving Manila 12 September to debark troops. A week later she began embarking troops of the 25th Infantry Division at Lingayen Gulf, and on 1 October she sailed in convoy to carry occupation troops to Japan.
McCracken reached Nagoya, Honshū, 28 October and landed occupation troops. Between 4 and 8 November the transport sailed via Yokosuka to Sasebo, Kyūshū, where she embarked 760 sailors. After embarking 737 additional Navy veterans at Nagasaki, she departed for the United States 13 November and reached San Pedro 1 December. Sailing for a second “Operation Magic Carpet” cruise 12 December, McCracken arrived Manila Bay 2 January 1946, boarded veteran troops, sailed 6 January and arrived Los Angeles, California, the 25th.
End-of-war decommissioning and inactivation
McCracken arrived San Francisco 10 March, began inactivation overhaul at Mare Island, California, 2 April, and decommissioned at Stockton, California, 10 October 1946, entering the Pacific Reserve Fleet. She was transferred to the Mare Island Group 17 June 1949; reassigned to the Stockton Group 28 November 1950; and assigned to the San Diego Group 30 March 1958. Authorized for transfer to the Maritime Administration 5 September 1958, her name was struck from the Navy List 1 October 1958. Into 1969 she remained berthed with the National Defense Reserve Fleet in Suisun Bay, California. In 1975 she was scrapped in Portland, Oregon.