USS Gage (APA-168)
USS Gage at anchor in San Francisco Bay, c. 1945-46
|Ordered:||20 April 1943|
|Builder:||Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation|
|Laid down:||13 August 1944|
|Launched:||14 October 1944|
|Commissioned:||12 November 1944|
|Decommissioned:||26 February 1947|
|Struck:||1 October 1958|
|1 Battle star|
|Fate:||Scrapped, 2009 by ESCO Marine, Inc.|
|Notes:||Last existing Haskell-class attack transport|
|Length:||455 ft (139 m)|
|Beam:||62 ft (19 m)|
|Draught:||24 ft (7.3 m)|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement:||56 Officers, 480 Enlisted|
USS Gage (APA-168) is a Haskell-class attack transport late of the US Navy. She was built and used during World War II. She was of the VC2-S-AP5 Victory ship design type. Gage is named after Gage County, Nebraska. Gage is the sole remaining example of the 117 ship Haskell-class.
World War II service
Gage was built under United States Maritime Commission contract by the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation, Portland, Oregon; launched 14 October 1944; sponsored by Mrs. H. L. Edmunds ; acquired by the Navy 4 November 1944; and commissioned 12 November 1944, Comdr. L. J. Alexanderson, USNR, in command.
After shakedown out of San Diego, California, Gage sailed from San Francisco 17 January 1945 for the South Pacific. Following the landing of a military civil affairs group at Kaurimarau, Russell Islands, she arrived off West Kokum Beach, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 4 February 1945 with 298 Marines and military cargo. She became a unit of Division 34, Transport Squadron 12, and spent the ensuing weeks in amphibious warfare maneuvers in the Solomons. On 15 March 1945, the attack transport departed Guadalcanal for Ulithi, the staging base for the Okinawa invasion. From there she sailed to Hagushi Beach, Okinawa, where she joined in the initial assault 1 April 1945 conducted under cover of heavy naval gun and plane bombardment.
Through five grueling days and nights of almost continual "Flash Red" alerts against Japanese suicide planes, Gage landed marines of the 3rd Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment, 6th Division; a Navy construction battalion; a medical company, and combat equipment. Her mission completed 5 April, she proceeded via the Marianas and Hawaii to San Francisco, where she arrived 11 May 1945. Here Gage embarked the men and equipment of an Army Air Corps Casuals and landed them at Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 12 June 1945.
Gage reported for duty with Amphibious Group 9 at Leyte 22 June 1945 and was dispatched to New Guinea. After embarking troops at Langemak and Humboldt Bays for transport to Iloilo, Panay Island, P.I., she steamed to San Francisco, Calif., where she arrived 2 August 1945. The announcement of Japanese capitulation found her under repair in Todd's Dry Dock at Seattle, Washington.
Gage stood out from Seattle 21 August 1945 with 1,724 Army casual replacements who disembarked at Saipan in the Marianas 5 September. Thirteen days later she departed with some 1,500 marines whom she landed late in October as part of the occupation forces at Hiro Wan, Honshū, Japan. Homeward bound, she served as the "Magic-Carpet" for 1,700 Army veterans embarked at Okinawa and Manila. She reached Portland, Oregon 14 December 1945. The attack transport made a "Magic-Carpet" voyage from San Francisco to Yokosuka and back (10 January to 25 February 1946); followed by one to Samar, P.I., and back (4 April to 10 May 1946). She again departed San Francisco 28 May 1946 to support Navy occupation forces at the Chinese ports of Tsingtao and Tientsin and the Japanese ports of Yokosuka and Sasebo.
Gage departed Sasebo 26 June; embarked Army veterans in the Marianas and Hawaii; then transited the Panama Canal for Norfolk, arriving 29 July 1946. She remained in the Norfolk Naval Shipyard until decommissioning 26 February 1947. Gage was placed in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet and was inactive until her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register 1 October 1958. She was transferred the same day to the Maritime Commission Reserve Fleet and at present is berthed in James River, Virginia. One of the crew members was Albert Viola
Gage was slated to be used as a target in SINKEX 2004. This was cancelled pending historical review, and she remains in the James River Reserve Fleet. There was an effort underway to preserve Gage, the last ship remaining in the Haskell-class configuration, as a museum ship. The 29 February 2008 MARAD Inventory listed Gage with the status "Historic Hold" (previously she was listed for "Disposal"). The 30 April 2009 Inventory had her back in "Disposal" status. The USS Gage left the James River Reserve Fleet on 23 July 2009, and was towed to Brownsville, Texas, where she is currently undergoing scrapping by ESCO Marine, Inc. The 31 October 2009 Inventory still lists her.
Gage received one battle star for World War II service.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- MARAD National Defense Reserve Fleet "Current Inventory"
- "Naval Vessel Register - Gage". Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. VA-133, "USS Gage, James River Reserve Fleet, Newport News, Newport News, VA"