Location in Meghalaya, India
|Coordinates: 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°ECoordinates: 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°E|
|District||West Garo Hills|
|Elevation||349 m (1,145 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Tura (IPA: ˈtʊərə) is a hilly town and a municipality in West Garo Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. One of the largest towns in Meghalaya, Tura is a valley located at the foothills of the Tura Hills and right below the Tura Peak. The climate in Tura is moderate throughout the year and has a large number of interesting and unexplored areas. The native god Durama was believed to reside in the hills. The name Tura is said to be a corruption (by the British) of the god's name.
It is 220 kilometres from the nearest city Guwahati and is also the district capital of the West Garo Hills district. It is filled with small rivulets and green valleys all around. The principal languages are Garo, and English. The city has 4 colleges and a host of good secondary schools. In 1973, the town was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tura.
There are many water falls and lot of streams in Tura. Some of the water falls are Rongbangdare, Pelgadare, Gandrak Falls etc. Some of the streams are Rangolwari, Nokmawari, Ganol, Datchima etc.
Geography and Climate
Tura is located at 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°E. It has an average elevation of 349 metres (1145 feet).
Garo tribe make up the majority of tuna population. As of 2011 India census, Tura had a population of 58,391. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tura has an average literacy rate of 7%, higher than the national average of 56%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 67%. In Tura, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Tura is situated in the western part of meghalaya which is quite close to the National Border of Bangladesh. Main mode of transport is by road, there are no railways or any scheduled flights from Tura airport. From Guwahati, it is 221 km, through the National Highway 51. Day time Sumo and overnight bus services are available form Guwahati. There is a 3-days-a-week helicopter service available from Guwahati and Shillong, run by Pawan Hans.
Main Residents of Tura are the Garo tribe (Native People). Christianity is the main religion, more than 90% of the Garos are Baptist. The Garos have a matrilineal and matrilocal society. Hajong and Koch tribe also Native People of Meghalaya and they are HINDU (religious).
Schools & Colleges
1. Tura Public School
2. Kendriya Vidyalaya Tura
3. Sherwood School
4. Aeroville Secondary School
5. Don Bosco Secondary School
6. St.Mary Higher Secondary School
7. St. Xavier's Secondary School
9. Christian Boys' Secondary School
10. Government Boys Higher Secondary School
11. Government Girls' Higher Secondary School
12. Mothers' Union Secondary School
13. Little Flower Secondary School
14. Hawakhana Deficit Higher Secondary School
15. Goudiya Math Vidyapeet
16. New Horizon Secondary School
17. Mt. Sinai Secondary School
18. Tura Town Higher Secondary School
19. Pechon A. Sangma Memorial Police Public School
20. Tura Hindi Secondary School
21. Gorkha Secondary School
22. Nivedita Girls Secondary School
23. L.G.B.Secondary School
24. Akhongre Secondary School
25. Burney Hill Secondary School
26. New Tura Secondary School
27. Hill view Higher Secondary School
28. Montfort Centre for Education
1. Tura Industrial Training Institute (Oldest Vocational Institute in North East India)
2. Tura Govt.College ( The oldest college of Garo Hills)
3. Don Bosco College
4. Durama College
5. Tura Polytechnic
6. Tura College of Information Technology.
7. ICFAI University Meghalaya, Tura
8. College of Teacher Education
9. College of Home Science (under Central Agricultural University, Imphal)
10. Harding Theological College
11. Martin Luther University, Tura Campus
12. Tura Law College
13. Tura United Christian Academy
14. Sikkim Manipal, Tura
1.Regional Vocational Training Institute
2.North Eastern Hill University, Tura Campus
Food and Drinks
There are many varieties of food available, the common one is the traditional Garo food. Traditional Garo food includes boiled rice, different preparations of Pork, beef, chicken and dry fish. Some of the delicacies of Garo Food are Na·kam Bitchi (it is dry fish made with chillies and soda), Wak Pura (it is Pork cooked with crushed rice, Kapa (meat fried with soda and boiled with fresh garden spices).The common delicacies are Rice cakes called sakkin (made with locally grown sticky rice and sesame seed)and pitta (made with crushed sticky rice and jaggery. There are many variety of locally made drinks. Minil bitchi or Mi bitchi (Rice Beer) (made of fermented sticky rice or normal rice) is one of the most common drink.
1. Wangala : It is a traditional Garo dance; celebrated after harvesting. Wangala is best showcased at the 100 Drums festival which takes place annually, 30 km away from Tura in a place called, Asanang. The men and women are dressed in traditional attire and they dance to beat of the 100 drums.
2. Christmas : It is celebrated in a grand and extravagant way. The party spirit pervades throughout starts from Christmas and continues even after the New Year celebration. So, the entire celebration last for more than a week. The occasion is filled with carol songs, dinner parties, social gatherings and many more events. In short, a week long of Merry making.
3. Aam Pabuni : It is annual harvest festival of Koch tribe celebrate during Buddha Purnima. About 35 km from Tura in a village called Koch Gandhipara, near Garobadha near bank of CHENGA-BENGA lake.
Media and communications
All India Radio has a local station in Tura which transmits various programs of mass interest.Recently, daily local newspapers viz., The Tura Times, Janera and Salantini Ku·rang has been disseminating the information to the whole region of Garo Hills and also to parts of Assam (esp. two districts Kamrup and Goalpara) where the areas are populated with Garo People.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tura
- "Climatological Information for Tura, Meghalaya", Indian Meterological Department. Web: .
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.