|Municipality of Trpinja|
Location of Trpinja in Croatia
|Coordinates: 45°25′N 18°54′E / 45.417°N 18.900°E|
|• Municipal mayor||Miroslav Palić (SDSS)|
|• Total||123.87 km2 (47.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||86 m (282 ft)|
|• Density||45/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||32224 Trpinja|
|Official languages||Croatian, Serbian|
|Municipality established||April 13, 1997|
Languages and names
In Serbian Cyrillic village is known as Трпиња, and in Hungarian as Terpenye.
Villages Trpinja, Bobota and Vera share common legend about origin of their names. According to legend ancestors of today's inhabitants of villages who settled in Great Serb Migrations under Arsenije III Čarnojević were called Bobe. They were fleeing from Ottoman Empire conquest to preserve their faith. Therefore, was formed local phrase which says Bobe suffer for faith or in Serbian Bobe trpiše za veru. From word Bobe was created name Bobota, from word suffer (Serbian:trpiti) was created name Trpinja and from word faith (Serbian:vera) was created name of village Vera.
Serbian Language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet is official language in the municipality of Trpinja in all settlement except Ćelije along with the Croatian language. The statute guarantees that Serbian Cyrillic alphabet will be used in text of seals and stamps, on plates of representative, executive and administrative bodies of municipality, as well as on those of legal persons with public authorities. Pre-school education for Serbian community that is under local jurisdiction is organized and conducted in the Serbian language and Cyrillic alphabet according to local statute.
Municipality is located on border between historical regions Slavonia and Syrmia in the southern part of Pannonian Basin in Podunavlje region. Municipality total area is 123.87 km2 (47.8 sq mi). River Vuka flows through the municipality in length of 8 kilometers and also an artificial Bobota Canal in length of 20 kilometers. The territory of the municipality is completely flat very fertile black soil.
Climate and weather
Trpinja municipality has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Due to the influence of continentality temperature differences within one year are more pronounced than in the rest of country.
Name of the Trpinja settlement was first mentioned in 1329 in one document issued in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary. Document is today kept in Budapest, Hungary. In fact in this period at the place of present Trpinja were settlements Mala Trpinja, Velika Trpinja and Slavenska Trpinja. Villages was owned by the gentry until it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1536. Ottoman authorities settled Serb population in this area, which resulted in decreased percentage of local Hungarians. Area was under Ottoman administration until 1691, when it was conquered by the Habsburg Monarchy. According to the census of 1732, Trpinja had 109 Serb families. Built of the Serbian Orthodox church began in 1750 and was completed in 1755. The first school in Trpinja was opened in 1776, while in 1859 Trpinja had a factory for spinning silk. In 1882, population of Trpinja numbered about 1,800 people in 400 homes. The inhabitants were Christian Orthodox Serbs, except of 2-3 families of Roman Catholic faith. Although the period of First World War in a village was marked by a disease and poverty, Trpinja residents hosted the population of the village of Jakovo. The villagers participated in the anti-fascist struggle in World War II, and one number of them ended up in concentration camps of Independent State of Croatia. During war, in nine Slavonian Brigade fought 452 soldiers from Trpinja, of which 75 soldiers were killed. 170 Romani people from Trpinja were arrested by Ustaše and taken to Jasenovac concentration camp in 1942, no one of them returned. According to the 1981 census, Trpinja had 2,243 inhabitants.
There are 1,537 inhabitants in village Trpinja and 5,572 inhabitants in the municipality according to the 2011 census. The majority of the population are Serbs, making up 89.75% of the population according to the 2011 population census.
Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord is a Serbian Orthodox church in village of Trpinja listed in Register of Cultural Goods of Croatia. On the territory of the municipality there are also Serbian Orthodox Church of St. George in Bobota as well as churches in Vera, Pačetin and Bršadin. There is also Roman Catholic church in village of Ćelije.
The municipality assembly is composed of 15 representatives. As of 2013, the member parties/lists are:
Summary of the 19 May 2013 Croatian local elections
|Independent Democratic Serb Party||730||28,62||5|
|Candidates list of group of voters-Miroslav Palić||704||27,60||5|
|Candidates list of group of voters-Miroljub Maširević||605||23,72||4|
|Candidates list of group of voters-Miodrag Pejić||151||5,92||1|
|Candidates list of group of voters-Rado Lazić||125||4,90||0|
|Social Democratic Party of Croatia||125||4,90||0|
|Coalition New Serb Party-Our Party||111||4,35||0|
Additional seat for local Croat minority
|Candidates list of group of voters-Miroljub Maširević||—||—||1|
|Source: Croatian Bureau of Statistics page 458 and 459|
Trpinja development index is less than 50% of the Croatian average, which classifies them into 10% of the poorest municipalities. Therefore, the municipality is part of the Areas of Special State Concern.
Elementary School in Trpinja is one of the oldest schools in the region. It was established back in 1776. Classes at the school takes place exclusively in the Serbian language (exception are Croatian and foreign languages). Upon completion of eight years of elementary school, students usually continue their education in secondary schools in Vukovar where they could attend classes on Serbian language. The three most-popular universities after high school are University of Novi Sad, University of Osijek and University of Belgrade.
Coat of arms of Trpinja Municipality is in yellow (golden) color with green clover with three leaves in the middle. Flag of Trpinja Municipality is a monochrome blue with the coat of arms in the middle of the flag.
Points of Interest
Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord in Trpinja was built from 1753 until 1757. The church is a cultural monument and is on the list of immovable cultural heritage of Republic of Croatia. Valuable objects in the church are also on the list of movable cultural heritage of Republic of Croatia. Object is in regular use and is also open for visitors at certain time. Tourist visitors pay no entrance.
At the central site in the Trpinja is set up a monument fallen soldiers from World War II and the fallen soldiers and victims of war in 1991.
Local cultural society "Mladost" was founded in 1995. Its work preserves and promotes the folk customs and culture of Serbs of Croatian Danube region.
Associations and Institutions
In the village exist a volunteer fire department Trpinja, folk Cultural and Artistic Association "MLADOST", Serbian Cultural Society "Prosvjeta", football club "Sinđelić", chess club "Trpinja", Hunting Association "Srndać" and Hunting Association "Trpinja", Association of subsidiaries of pensioners of Trpinja municipality and Subsidiary of pensioners of Trpinja, "Treća životna dob" ("Third age"), The association of anti-fascist fighters of the National Liberation War and Anti-Fascists of Trpinja municipality.
In 2011 local amateur football club Sinđelić, which is named by Stevan Sinđelić, was a champion of regional Veterans League of Joint Council of Municipalities. In village is also active Chess Club Trpinja.
Notable natives and residents
Twin municipalities – Sister municipalities
- Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord, Trpinja
- Joint Council of Municipalities
- Podunavlje (Croatia)
- "Statut Općine Trpinja" (PDF). Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- "Informacija o rezultatima izbora članova predstavničkih tijela jedinica lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- "O općini". Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- "Vukovarsko-srijemska županija-popis općina". Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Trpinja". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Vukovar-Sirmium". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "0dluka o razvrstavanju jedinica lokalne i podrucne (regionalne) samouprave prema stupnju razvijenosti" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- "Zakon o područjima od posebne državne skrbi" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- "Osnovna škola Trpinja-Povijest". Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- Trpinja Municipality Statute
- Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja http://www.eparhija-osjeckopoljskabaranjska.hr/CMS/0089/Default.aspx?EID=22759
- Vukovar-Srijem http://www.vukovarsko-srijemska-zupanija.com/upload/paragrafi_upload/2009-4-17_31616186_prilog9popisvatrogpostrnovi.pdf
- "Ministarstvo uprave-Podaci o matičnom uredu Trpinja". Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- "ОДЛУКУ о партнерству и сарадњи између Општине Бачка Паланка и Општине Трпиња из Републике Хрватске" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-10.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trpinja.|
- Official website (Croatian)