Trinidad and Tobago (Commonwealth realm)

Trinidad and Tobago
Commonwealth realm
Flag Coat of Arms
"Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve"
"For the Love of Liberty"
Royal anthem
"God Save the Queen"
Capital Port of Spain
Government Constitutional monarchy
   196276 Elizabeth II
  196272 Solomon Hochoy
  197276 Ellis Clarke
Prime Minister
  196276 Eric Williams
Historical era Cold War
   Independence 31 August 1962
   Republic 1 August 1976
Currency TT dollar (from 1964)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago

The Trinidad and Tobago was a Commonwealth realm between 31 August 1962 and 1 August 1976, before it became a republic.

When British rule ended, in 1962, the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 transformed the British Crown Colony of Trinidad and Tobago into an independent sovereign state,[1] sharing its sovereign, Elizabeth II, with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Trinidad and Tobago.

The following governors-generals held office in Trinidad and Tobago during the Commonwealth realm period:

  1. Sir Solomon Hochoy (31 August 1962 - 24 June 1972)
  2. Sir Ellis Clarke (24 June 1972 - 1 July 1976)

Eric Williams held office as prime minister (and head of government) of the Trinidad and Tobago during this period.

Queen Elizabeth II visited Trinidad and Tobago in her capacity of Queen of Trinidad and Tobago in February 1966.

Following the abolition of the monarchy and the promulgation of a republic on 1 August 1976,[2] the last governor-general, Sir Ellis Clarke, became the first President of Trinidad and Tobago.

See also


  1. Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962, 10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 54
  2. SI 1976 No. 1914
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