Trigone of urinary bladder

Trigone of urinary bladder

Urinary bladder

The interior of bladder.
Latin trigonum vesicae urinariae
TA A08.3.01.024
FMA 15910

Anatomical terminology

The trigone (aka vesical trigone)[1] is a smooth triangular region of the internal urinary bladder formed by the two ureteral orifices and the internal urethral orifice.

The area is very sensitive to expansion and once stretched to a certain degree, the urinary bladder signals the brain of its need to empty. The signals become stronger as the bladder continues to fill.

Embryologically, the trigone of the bladder is derived from the caudal end of mesonephric ducts, which is of mesodermal origin (the rest of the bladder is endodermal). In the female the mesonephric ducts regresses, causing the trigone to be less prominent, but still present.


Clinically important because infections (trigonitis) tend to persist in this region.

See also


  1. Woodburne, Russell T. (1965-03-01). "The Ureter, ureterovesical junction, and vesical trigone". The Anatomical Record. 151 (3): 243–249. doi:10.1002/ar.1091510305. ISSN 1097-0185.
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