Transport in Georgia (country)
For Soviet transportation, see Transport in the Soviet Union.
total: 1,683 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines
broad gauge: 1,583 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) gauge (1993)
narrow gauge: 100 km of 914 mm (3 ft) gauge.
- In April 2005, an agreement was signed to build a railway from Turkey through Georgia to Azerbaijan (see Kars Baku Tbilisi railway line). The line under construction is using Standard gauge until Akhalkalaki. There will be axle change station for wagons to proceed with broad gauge to Baku.
- In August 2007, Georgia handed over the management rights of the state-owned Georgian Railway company to the U.K.-based company Parkfield Investment for 89 years.
Railway links with adjacent countries
- Russia - yes - 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) - via the breakaway Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia - closed for political reasons.
- Azerbaijan - yes - 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in).
- Armenia - yes 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in)
- Turkey - yes - break-of-gauge with through 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard Gauge) line under construction.
- February 7 - agreement signed for Kars-Tiblisi-Baku railway
Towns served by rail
The road network in Georgia consists of 1,603 kilometers of main or international highways that are considered to be in good condition and some 18,821 kilometers of secondary and local roads that are, generally, in poor condition. Only 7,854 km out of over 20,000 km of Georgian roads are paved.
|Number||E Route||name||Length (km)||Notes|
|Tbilisi - Senaki - Leselidze||552|
|Senaki - Poti - Sarpi||119|
|Mtskheta - Stepantsminda - Larsi||139|
|Tbilisi - Red Bridge||57|
|Tbilisi – Bakurtsikhe – Lagodekhi||160|
|Ponichala – Marneuli – Guguti||98|
|Marneuli – Sadakhlo||34|
|Khashuri – Akhaltsikhe – Vale||97|
|Gori – Tskhinvali – Gupta – Java – Roki||92,5|
|Akhaltsikhe – Ninotsminda||112|
|Samtredia - Lanchkhuti - Grigoleti||57|
|Akhalkalaki - Kartsakhi||36,5|
Georgia has a small motorway system, that is currently under development, essentially when the motorway will be finished will link Tbilisi, the capital, and Batumi, Georgia's second largest city. The multilane road is part of the S1 highway, which runs from Mukhatgverdi (Tbilisi West) until Agarebi, a village near Khashuri, and has a length of 110 km, bypassing Mtskheta and Gori.
Black Sea Ports and harbors
total: 17 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 103,080 GRT/158,803 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: cargo ship 10, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 6 (1999 est.)
28 (1994 est.) In February 2007 a brand new, modern and fully equipped international Airport was inaugurated in Tbilisi.
- Tbilisi - Tbilisi International Airport
- Batumi - Batumi International Airport
- Kutaisi - David the Builder Kutaisi International Airport
- Mestia - Queen Tamar Airport
- Ambrolauri - Ambrolauri Airport
- Poti - Poti International Airport
Airports - with paved runways
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (1994 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 6 (1994 est.)
- Uysal, Onur. "10 Things to Know About Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway Project", Rail Turkey, 20 October 2014
- Georgia Hands over Railway to Investment Fund. Civil Georgia. August 16, 2007.
- Transport - Georgia
- CIA - The World Factbook -- Georgia