Church of St. Macarius in Toretsk
|Coordinates: 48°23′30″N 37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°ECoordinates: 48°23′30″N 37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°E|
|• Mayor||Volodymyr Sliptsov|
|• Total||62 km2 (24 sq mi)|
|Elevation||179 m (587 ft)|
|• Density||569/km2 (1,470/sq mi)|
Toretsk (Ukrainian: Торецьк; Russian: Торецк), formerly Dzerzhynsk (Ukrainian: Дзержинськ; Russian: Дзержинск), is a city of oblast significance in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Population: 35,296 (2013 est.).
Toretsk was founded in the 19th century as Shcherbynivka, named after Zaporizhian Cossack Anton Shcherbina, who had settled there. In 1938 the city was renamed Dzerzhynsk, in honor of communist Felix Dzerzhynsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka. In 2001, the population was 43,371 people.
Starting mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast; including former Dzerzhynsk. On 11 July 2014 Ukrainian forces launched strikes against the separatists. On 21 July 2014, Ukrainian forces secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists. Toretsk is only a few kilometers away from the separatists-controlled Horlivka.
Following the 2015 law on decommunization, the city council has decided on 16 October 2015 to rename the city to Toretsk. The name was approved by the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) on 4 February 2016.
Because of the War in Donbass the city has had its water supply cut multiple times.
As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001, the majority of residents identified as ethnic Ukrainians and spoke Russian as their first language:
- Toretsk entrance stele
- Toretsk Avanhard Stadium
- An apartment block in Toretsk
- Ukraine Palace of Culture
- Ukraine Palace of Culture interior
- Buildings in downtown
- Toretsk phenol factory club
- Phenol factory building
- Toretsk railway station
- Crying mother monument
- Toretsk mayor suspected of infringing on territorial integrity of Ukraine, UNIAN (17 August 2016)
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- We Can Win After All, The Ukrainian Week (6 August 2015)
- Decommunisation continues: Rada renames several towns and villages, UNIAN (4 February 2016)
"Rada de-communized Artemivsk as well as over hundred cities and villages" (in Ukrainian). Pravda.com.ua. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.