Top Banana (musical)

Top Banana

original cast recording
Music Johnny Mercer
Lyrics Johnny Mercer
Book Hy Kraft
Productions 1951 Broadway

Top Banana is a musical with music and lyrics by Johnny Mercer and book by Hy Kraft which premiered on Broadway in 1951. The show was written as a star vehicle for comedian Phil Silvers, who played the host of a television variety show program. Silvers won the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical in 1952.


The musical opened on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theatre on November 1, 1951 and closed on October 4, 1952 after 350 performances. The original cast co-starred Rose Marie, Lindy Doherty, Jack Albertson, Bob Scheerer and Ted "Sport" Morgan. Produced by Paula Stone and Mike Sloane, the musical was directed by Jack Donohue and choreographed by Ron Fletcher,[1] with vocal arrangements and direction by Hugh Martin, musical direction by Harold Hasting, and orchestrations by Don Walker. Scenic and lighting design were by Jo Mielziner and costume design was by Alvin Colt.[2]

The play was filmed and released in a film version by United Artists in 1954.[1][3]


Jerry Biffle is the star of the Blendo Soap Program. He has been invited to participate in an autograph-signing party for his new book at an important department store. Jerry meets Sally Peters, one of the department store models, and makes her part of his TV troupe. As part of his campaign to court Sally, Jerry gets Cliff Lane, the tenor of his TV company, to sing to her over the phone. When Sally and Cliff meet, they fall in love, with Biffle ignorant of the complications.

Biffle engineers a big publicity wedding between Cliff and "a girl," not knowing that Sally is the girl. To further complicate his life, Jerry learns that he is about to lose his sponsor. The publicity elopement between his girl and Cliff almost shatters his entire career and life.

When it seems that his whole world will cave in, Jerry's sponsor comes up with a new format for the Blendo program and, as far as Jerry is concerned, the day is saved.

Silvers as Jerry Biffle

Cast and characters


Act 1

Act 2


In his review for The New York Times, Brooks Atkinson wrote: "Phil Silvers will have to look after his health this winter. He is king-pin in a very funny musical show that ought to last as long as he can."[2]

The Life magazine reviewer wrote that "On Broadway today 'Top Banana' is the name of a new rough-and-tumble musical show, which has catapulted Phil Silvers into the small, exalted company of great stage zanies."[4]

Ethan Mordden wrote that Silvers "took four of the funniest minutes in musical comedy history trying to teach a bewildered ingenue how to pull off a commercial, cajoling, hectoring, professorial, puerile, in audition, in tirade."[5]


Silvers had suggested that a musical be made of the "madness of week-to-week television...I would do Uncle Miltie". Milton Berle began hosting the Texaco Star Theater on television in 1948. Because of their friendship, Silvers was able to use his knowledge of Berle to create the character of Jerry Biffle.[3][6] Later, Berle performed the song "Top Banana" on the Muppet Show with Fozzy Bear.

Awards and honors

Phil Silvers won the 1952 Tony Award for the Best Actor in a Musical.



  1. 1 2 Hischak, Thomas S."'Top Banana' Stage and Film" Through the Screen Door: What Happened to the Broadway Musical When It Went to Hollywood (2004), Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0-8108-5018-4, p. 258
  2. 1 2 Atkinson, Brooks."At The Theater"The New York Times (abstract), November 2, 1951, p. 35
  3. 1 2 Passafiume, Andrea."'Top Banana' Background of Musical and Film", accessed November 26, 2011
  4. "The Top Banana: Phil Silvers. Silvers Emerges as Great Comic in New Musical"Life Magazine, December 3, 1951, ISSN 0024-3019, pp. 75-76, 78
  5. Mordden, Ethan."Broadway Babies"Broadway Babies: The People Who Made the American Musical, p. 70
  6. Furia, Philip." 'Top Banana' " Skylark: The Life and Times of Johnny Mercer (2004), Macmillan, ISBN 0-312-33099-5, p. 169
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