Tomb of Ali Mardan Khan
|Tomb of Ali Mardan Khan|
View of the tomb from the gateway
|Coordinates||31°34′26″N 74°21′48″E / 31.5738°N 74.3633°ECoordinates: 31°34′26″N 74°21′48″E / 31.5738°N 74.3633°E|
He was experienced in the management of engineering works, especially the construction of canals, and worked on many large projects in the Mughal territories in modern Pakistan and Afghanistan. He was appointed as the governor of Kashmir, Lahore and Kabul, then of the Punjab in 1639. Khan died in 1657 while going to Kashmir.
Though Khan was an engineer and courtier, he has come to be locally regarded as a notable spiritual figure, and locals call the tomb Mardan Khan’s durbar (shrine). The grave is in a chamber below ground level, accessed by stairs, and has been decorated by visitors as though it were a saint's shrine.
The tomb is now in a semi-ruined state, lacking its decorations, though the main structure is intact. This is in brick with a dome of 42 feet (13 m) in diameter above an octagonal drum with iwans on each side. There are kiosks around the top of the drum. The tomb stands on an octagonal podium, with each side 58 feet (18 m) at the edge. It would have been originally decorated with stone facings and inlays (kashi kari), and fresco paintings, some traces of which remain on the tomb. The two storey gatehouse has retained much more of its decoration; originally there were perhaps four gateways. The tomb would have stood in the centre of a paradise garden as other Mughal tombs do.
The tomb is surrounded by railway property, and located in Mughalpura road (which was earlier known as Vetman Road or Wheatman Road) which is from right from the Grand Trunk Road. Near the railway track on the road is a sign board where "MET-1" is written, beyond which lies the gate through which people can access the tomb, through a passageway.
- The tomb was built for Nawab Ali Mardan Khan.
- The burial chamber is subterranean
- The tomb lies largely empty, as the burial crypt is subterranean
- An exterior view of the mausoleum
- The tomb is surrounded by Pakistan Railways property, and can only be accessed through a walled passageway.
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- Rapson, Edward James; Haig, Sir Wolseley; Burn, Sir Richard (1958). The Cambridge History of India. CUP Archive. p. 561. GGKEY:96PECZLGTT6.
- Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1980). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition: Supplement. Macmillan Publishing Company. p. 62. ISBN 90-04-06167-3.
- Ali, Aown (29 January 2011). "The forgotten gardener". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 12 April 2015.