Toledo, Cebu

Component City
City of Toledo

Aerial view of Toledo


Map of Cebu with Toledo highlighted
Toledo city

Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 10°23′N 123°39′E / 10.38°N 123.65°E / 10.38; 123.65Coordinates: 10°23′N 123°39′E / 10.38°N 123.65°E / 10.38; 123.65
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 3rd district of Cebu
19 June 1960
Barangay 38 (see § Barangays)
  Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
  Mayor John Osmeña (Ind)
  Vice mayor Antonio Yapha
  City Council
  Representative Gwendolyn Garcia
  Total 216.28 km2 (83.51 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
  Total 170,335
  Density 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
  Voter(2016)[4] 103,658
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Income class 3rd class
PSGC 072251000

City of Toledo (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Toledo; Filipino: Lungsod ng Toledo), formerly known as Pueblo Hinulawan is a 3rd city income class component city in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 170,335.[3] In the 2016 election, it had 103,658 registered voters.[4]

On 18 June 1960 Toledo became a chartered city under Republic Act No. 2688[5]

Toledo is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) away from Cebu City and is widely known for its huge mining industry owned by Atlas Consolidated Mining and Development Corporation, which is the umbrella of Carmen Copper Corporation and its Toledo Mine.[6]


Toledo City came from Old Hinulawan (now called Daanglungsod) and New Hinulawan.

On 3 June 1863 a series of earthquakes shook Hinulawan. The first tremor toppled the newly built school, leveled several houses to the ground, and caused the church façade to collapse. It caused injuries and fatalities. The quake that followed brought greater damage: complete destruction of the church and the convent; cracking of the lowlands in all directions; crumbling of the stone walls along the Hinulawan river bank; and sagging of the ground, causing water from the sea and the river to flood the settlement to waist level.

A third tremor totally destroyed pueblo Hinulawan. The survivors were rescued by residents of neighboring highland localities.[7]

Those who survived the Hinulawan earthquakes slowly rebuilt their lives in the days that followed. With the help of the people of brgy Tubod, some of the survivors cleared portions of the virgin forest and plateau in the vicinity and constructed houses with roofs made of cogon grass. Those who did not want to live in the new clearings built their homes at the foot of the Tubod highlands. They buried their dead in a cemetery in a certain part of the plateau not far from where they lived. The area occupied by this particular group, a majority of the survivors, subsequently evolved into the New Hinulawan.

A minority of the refugees decided to migrate to other places: the hinterlands of Da-o, Bulok-bulok, Landahan, and Sam-ang as well as the pioneering settlements in the seafronts of Cabitoonan and Batohanon.

In those days pirate attacks against pueblos situated near the shores of Tañon Strait were rampant. To protect themselves against such attacks, the residents of New Hinulawan built a baluarte, or bulwark, made of chopped stone blocks piled along the shoreline. With the passage of time, however, the bulwark became dilapidated and fell apart, its remnants forever buried in the sand during the construction of the first municipio, or Municipal Hall building. The municipio itself was destroyed by Philippine Commonwealth troops and Cebuano guerrillas in World War II.

Many years later, a few among those who resettled in New Hinulawan decided to return to their former homes in Old Hinulawan when the depressed lowlands gradually became habitable. Old Hinulawan is the present-day Daanglungsod.

The majority who opted to remain in New Hinulawan worked hard to regain the prosperity they had achieved before Old Hinulawan was wiped out by catastrophe.[8]

Pueblo Toledo

Two significant events happened in mid-1869 which led to the change of name of New Hinulawan:

Fr. Brazal and the new governor-general were proponents of political liberalism which was on the rise in Spain during that period following the fall of queen Isabel II.

Meanwhile, the alcalde mayor of Cebu (equivalent to the modern-day Cebu Provincial Governor), Esteban Perez, was the childhood friend of governor-general de la Torre in their hometown Toledo, Spain. Perez was married to a Philippine woman and used to spend his vacation with his family in Talavera, a part of New Hinulawan, where he owned a beach resort. He and Fr. Brazal were also good friends.

A welcome banquet was given in the governor-general's palace in Manila in the evening of July 12, 1869 which was attended by students, priests, and Filipino leaders to express their gratitude to de la Torre's liberal policies.

During that happy occasion de la Torre and Perez had the opportunity to reminisce about their boyhood days in Spain in the presence of Fr. Brazal. In the course of their recollection of the happy past, Perez told the governor-general about New Hinulawan and his special affection for the place because his Filipina wife was a native of Talavera, a barangay of New Hinulawan. He told de la Torre about how similar the environment of New Hinulawan was to their homeland Toledo, Spain and how the winding river of Hinulawan was comparable to Rio Tagus (Tajo) in Spain.

That evening Perez and Fr. Brazal recommended to the governor-general that the name of New Hinulawan be changed to Toledo.

Governor-general de la Torre delightfully approved the recommendation at once. He even announced to all people present in the banquet the promulgation of a decree changing the name of pueblo New Hinulawan in the province of Cebu into pueblo Toledo, the name of his beloved birthplace in Spain.[9]

Second World War

In 1942 the Japanese Imperial forces captured and occupied the town of Toledo.

In 1945 local Filipino forces of the Philippine Commonwealth Army from the 8th, 81st, 82nd, 83rd, 85th and 86th Infantry Division aided by Cebuano guerrilla resistance fighters, battled against the Japanese Imperial forces and liberated the town of Toledo.

Toledo City (1960-present)

Toledo also became a chartered city in 19 June 1960 under Republic Act No. 2688.[5]

Although not as progressive as Cebu's other cities, it is unique in that it is the only city in the province on the western seaboard facing Negros Oriental – and therefore strategically located. (Danao, Mandaue, Lapu-Lapu, Cebu City, Talisay, Naga, and Carcar are on the east. One more city, Bogo City, is in the north, on the eastern side.)

The barangays of Cantabaco and Poog [10] have limestone cliffs that local climbers have developed into popular crags for sport climbing.[11]

Shrine of Saint Pedro Calungsod

Following the canonization of Visayan teen martyr Pedro Calungsod on 21 October 2012, the hilltop parish of Cantabaco became the first shrine and church named after the second Filipino saint.[12]



Toledo City comprises 38 barangays:[2]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[13]
072251001 Awihao 2.5% 4,207 3,823 +1.84%
072251002 Bagakay 1.5% 2,485 1,690 +7.62%
072251003 Bato 4.8% 8,173 7,585 +1.43%
072251004 Biga 2.0% 3,327 2,076 +9.40%
072251005 Bulongan 1.6% 2,647 2,359 +2.22%
072251006 Bunga 2.3% 3,868 3,409 +2.43%
072251007 Cabitoonan 2.4% 4,154 3,782 +1.80%
072251008 Calongcalong 0.9% 1,535 1,327 +2.81%
072251009 Cambangug 2.2% 3,668 3,537 +0.69%
072251010 Camp 8 1.5% 2,529 1,776 +6.96%
072251011 Canlumampao 2.4% 4,170 3,523 +3.26%
072251012 Cantabaco 4.3% 7,304 6,638 +1.84%
072251013 Capitan Claudio 2.5% 4,311 3,877 +2.04%
072251014 Carmen 2.3% 3,858 3,505 +1.84%
072251015 Daanglungsod 1.7% 2,933 2,802 +0.87%
072251016 Don Andres Soriano (Lutopan) 7.5% 12,764 15,333 −3.43%
072251017 Dumlog 3.1% 5,288 4,155 +4.70%
072251018 Ibo 2.2% 3,699 3,602 +0.51%
072251019 Ilihan 1.9% 3,206 3,344 −0.80%
072251020 Landahan 1.3% 2,183 1,810 +3.63%
072251021 Loay 0.9% 1,501 1,452 +0.63%
072251022 Luray II 2.7% 4,640 4,391 +1.06%
072251023 Juan Climaco, Sr. (Magdugo) 3.7% 6,279 5,568 +2.31%
072251024 Gen. Climaco (Malubog) 3.7% 6,337 5,521 +2.66%
072251025 Matabang 5.8% 9,868 9,124 +1.50%
072251026 Media Once 4.2% 7,128 6,477 +1.84%
072251027 Pangamihan 1.4% 2,333 1,653 +6.78%
072251028 Poblacion 7.9% 13,383 13,492 −0.15%
072251029 Poog 3.5% 5,989 5,665 +1.06%
072251030 Putingbato 0.8% 1,413 1,448 −0.46%
072251031 Sagay 0.7% 1,145 1,605 −6.23%
072251032 Samang 1.0% 1,719 1,649 +0.79%
072251033 Sangi 2.5% 4,201 3,835 +1.75%
072251034 Santo Niño (Mainggit) 3.1% 5,316 4,320 +4.03%
072251035 Subayon 0.8% 1,432 1,153 +4.21%
072251036 Talavera 3.5% 6,041 4,972 +3.78%
072251037 Tungkay 0.7% 1,173 1,471 −4.22%
072251038 Tubod 2.4% 4,128 3,329 +4.18%
Total 170,335 157,078 +1.55%


Population census of Toledo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 119,970    
1995 121,469+0.23%
2000 141,174+3.28%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2007 152,960+1.11%
2010 157,078+0.97%
2015 170,335+1.55%
Source: Philippine Statistics Office[3][13][14]

In the 2016 election, it had 103,658 registered voters, meaning that 61% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]


  1. "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Municipal: Toledo, Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
  5. 1 2 Republic Act No. 2688 of 18 June 1960 Charter of the City of Toledo
  6. Carmen Copper Corporation
  7. "Destruction of Old Hinulawan (1863)".
  8. "New Hinulawan (1863-1869)".
  9. "New Hinulawan of 1869 Became Pueblo Toledo". Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  11. Adrenaline Romance, Cantabaco
  12. "Thousands flock to Toledo for first Calungsod feast". 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  13. 1 2 "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  14. "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
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