|Municipality and Town|
Panorama view of Titel, seen from Titel Hill
Location of the municipality of Titel within Serbia
|Coordinates: 45°12′N 20°18′E / 45.200°N 20.300°ECoordinates: 45°12′N 20°18′E / 45.200°N 20.300°E|
|• Mayor||Milivoj Petrović|
|• Municipality||262 km2 (101 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 21|
Titel (Serbian Cyrillic: Тител) is a town and municipality in the South Bačka District of the Vojvodina, Serbia. The town of Titel has a population of 5,247, while the population of the municipality of Titel is 15,738. It is located in southeastern part of Bačka, known as Šajkaška.
Titel is very old settlement, but its old name is not known. During the Roman rule, it was a Roman fortress.
In the 10th century, the area was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary, which ruled over it until 1526. The town was first mentioned under name Titel in 1077. Between 1077 and 1095 the Catholic monastery was founded in the town.
From 1526, the town was part of the Ottoman Empire. According to the first Ottoman census from 1546, the town had 87 houses, of which most were Serb, three were Croat, one Hungarian, and one Vlach. The duke of the town was Vuk Radić. That census recorded that five of the citizens were immigrants, meaning that others lived there before Ottomans conquered the town.
From 1699, the town was part of the Habsburg Monarchy. It was included in the Habsburg Military Frontier. Between 1750 and 1763, the town was under civil administration (in the Batsch-Bodrog County of the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary), until it was returned to the jurisdiction of the Military Frontier (Šajkaš Battalion).
In 1848 and 1849, Titel was part of Serbian Vojvodina, a Serb autonomous region within the Habsburg Empire. Between 1849 and 1872, it was again part of the Military Frontier, and after 1872, it came under civil administration as a part of the Bács-Bodrog County within the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary (part of Austria-Hungary).
After 1918, the town became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. During the World War II Hungarian occupation, in a 1942 raid, 51 inhabitants of the town were murdered, of whom 45 were men, 1 child, and 5 old people. By nationality, victims included 49 Serbs, and 1 Jew.
Titel municipality encompasses the town of Titel, and the following villages:
Ethnic groups (2011 census)
All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority.
Historical population of the town
- 1961: 5,717
- 1971: 5,957
- 1981: 6,227
- 1991: 6,007
- Democratic Party (8)
- Serbian Radical Party (7)
- Socialist Party of Serbia (3)
- Democratic Party of Serbia (2)
- Citizens' Association - Zdenko Babić (2)
- Strength of Serbia Movement (2)
- Serbian Renewal Movement (1)
- Svetozar Miletić (1826–1901), advocate, politician, mayor of Novi Sad, the political leader of Serbs in Vojvodina. He was born in the village Mošorin in Titel municipality.
- Mileva Marić (1875–1948), Serbian mathematician, and Albert Einstein's first wife. She was born in Titel.
- Isidora Sekulić (1877–1958), writer. She was born in the village of Mošorin in the Titel municipality.
- Dušan Popov, Serb Double Agent, on whom author Ian Fleming based his character James Bond.
- Dragomir Lalin (1924-2013), was born in Titel. He was a Serbian dissident, under the regime of Josip Broz Tito. Dragomir Lalin was the founder of Milan Vidak wire factory and Garant auto engine parts factory in Futog.
- Aerial view
- Orthodox Church in Titel
- Catholic Church in Titel
- Abandoned church in Titel
- South Bačka District
- List of places in Serbia
- List of cities, towns and villages in Vojvodina
- Municipalities of Serbia
- Marko Jovanov, Devet vekova od pomena imena Titela, Titelski letopis, Titel, 2001.
- Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
- Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991.
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- "Population by ethnicity – Titel". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Official presentation of Titel municipality
- Official presentation of Titel Local Community
- Ravnica magazine - Titel Current Local News
- Homepage of Titel Wireless Community
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Titel.|