Third Ring Road (Moscow)
The Third Ring Road, or The Third Ring, (Russian: Тре́тье тра́нспортное кольцо́, or Тре́тье кольцо́; transliteration: Tretye Transportnoye Koltso, or Tretye Koltso) is Moscow's newest beltway, located between the Garden Ring in the city centre and Moscow Ring Road.
The Third Ring is 35 km in length, i. e. about 10 km in diameter. As it is one of Moscow's main roads there is a lot of traffic and it suffers from frequent congestion. There is a planned Fourth Ring between the Moscow Ring Road and the Third Ring.
The Third Ring can be used to get from areas such as Sokolniki Park to Sparrow Hills, on the other side of the city. The road is used by many Moscovites who live in the suburbs of Moscow to bypass the city centre.
The Third Ring Road also serves as the main highway access for the Moscow International Business Center, a modern high-rise office district located along the western portion of the Third Ring, where it crosses the Moscow River.
- 1935 - had been planned in the Master Plan of Moscow in 1935, the reconstruction of a "new Boulevard Ring using mostly runs Collegiate Chamber of Val" .
- circa 1960 - the beginning of construction of the complex on the Treadmill to Riga.
- 1961 - put into effect a tunnel under the Leningrad prospectus.
- 1961 - built Avtozavodskii bridge.
- 1965 - built Savelovskaya overpass.
- 1975 - Riga overpass built (in 1999 continued through the Novorizhskoe overpass Prospekt Mira).
- 1984 - open Rusakovskaya overpass and a tunnel under Mitkovskaya connecting branch.
- October 28, 1998 - opening of the Berezhkovskii bridge.
- May 10, 1999 - opening of the Luzhnetskaya overpass from Komsomolsk prospectus to Berezhkovsky bridge.
- August 31, 1999 - opening of the first phase of the New Riga overpass.
- December 4, 1999 - opening of the second phase of the New Riga overpass.
- December 11, 1999 - opening of the section from the bridge to the Berezhkovsky Kutuzovsky Prospekt, including Kiev, and Kutuzovsky overpass tunnel.
- Fall 2000 - opening of the section from Komsomolsk prospectus to Leninsky Prospekt, including St. Andrew's Bridge.
- December 30, 2000 - opening of the section of Kutuzovsky Prospekt to Shmitovsky including Dorogomilovsky bridge.
- December 12, 2001 - opening of the section of the Gagarin Square to the Volgograd prospectus, including Gagarin's tunnel and the bridge reconstructed Avtozavodskii.
- August 28, 2001 - opening of the tunnel on Maslovka.
- November 6, 2002 - opening of the areas of the Zvenigorod highway to and from the street Running from Ostapovsky travel to Nizhny Novgorod street.
- October 1, 2003 - open area from the street to the Spartakovskaya Krasnokazarmennaya waterfront.
- November 5, 2003 - opening of the section of Nizhniy Novgorod Street to Highway Enthusiasts.
- December 5, 2003 - opening of the Lefortovo Tunnel, the Third Ring Road is closed.
- November 4, 2005 - opening of the reconstructed interchange with the Leningrad prospectus, Sheremetyevo street Zvenigorod highway (Krasnopresnensky Avenue). Traffic on the ring was continuous, without traffic lights.
- Moscow's Third Transport Ring: Making Space for the New Middle Class by Robert Argenbright