The Sun Sessions
|The Sun Sessions|
|Compilation album by Elvis Presley|
|Released||March 21, 1976|
|Recorded||July 1954 - July 1955|
|Genre||Rockabilly, rock and roll|
|Elvis Presley chronology|
The Sun Sessions is a compilation of Elvis Presley recordings at Sun Studios in 1954 and 1955. It was issued by RCA Records in 1976, and had been issued and charted as The Sun Collection in the UK the previous year. It features liner notes by Roy Carr of the New Musical Express.
Making of the album
The album features most of the tracks recorded at Sun studio by Sam Phillips, the head of Sun Studios. Elvis began his singing career with Sun Records label in Memphis. Phillips signed Presley after hearing a song that he had recorded for his mother on his birthday. It includes "That's All Right" one of the few recordings regarded as "the first rock and roll record."
Phillips said that Presley was rehearsing with his band, Scotty Moore and Bill Black, when Presley started singing the song, a blues song written by Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup. Phillips said that the version of the song was what he was looking for when he signed Presley, and turned the tape recorder on.
Elvis recorded more than 20 songs at the Sun studio, including some private recordings. Of these, 15 appear on this album.
- "Harbor Lights"
- "Tomorrow Night"
- "When It Rains It Really Pours"
- "I Got a Woman" (tape lost)
- "Satisfied" (tape lost)
- The earlier private recordings
In 1987 RCA released "The Complete Sun Sessions" which included the original 16 songs plus the omitted "Harbor Lights", Tomorrow Night", "When It Rains It Really Pours", plus 3 alternate takes of "I Love You Because" and 6 alternate takes of "I'm Left, You're Right, She's Gone (My Baby's Gone)".
The Sun Sessions was released in March 1976 and reached #76 on the pop and #2 on the country charts.
The single "Baby, Let's Play House" combined with "I'm Left, You're Right, She's Gone" reached #5 on the country charts in 1955. Also, RCA Victor saw that Elvis was rapidly building a reputation for his live performances. They offered Sun Records $35,000 to buy out Presley's contract.
The single "That's All Right" did not chart in the US when released in 1954, and it was never issued as a single in Great Britain during Presley's lifetime. In 2004, the song became the focus of attention when it was the subject of a great deal of publicity because of the 50-year anniversary. There was a special ceremony on July 6, 2004 featuring Isaac Hayes, Justin Timberlake and Scotty Moore which was beamed live to 1200 radio stations. The song went top five in the UK and Canada and also charted in Australia. The Sun Sessions was also re-released in 2004 (in Japan only) to celebrate the anniversary.
Reception and legacy
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|
When The Sun Sessions was first released in 1976 by RCA Victor, Village Voice critic Robert Christgau hailed The Sun Sessions as "the rock reissue of the year", writing in that along with Chuck Berry's Golden Decade, its songs represented the wellspring of rock music. In 2003, the album was ranked #11 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. In 2001, the TV channel VH1 named it the 21st greatest album of all time. Music scholar Michael Campbell called it "quintessential rockabilly" with Presley's voice "the magical element" drawing on country and rhythm and blues but confined to neither, while AllMusic critic Cub Koda said "what we ultimately have here is a young Elvis Presley, mixing elements of blues, gospel and hillbilly music together and getting ready to unleash its end result -- rock & roll -- on an unsuspecting world."
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll included two tracks from the album: "Mystery Train" and "That's All Right." In 2002, The Sun Sessions were chosen by the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress to be included in its archives given their importance to the development of American popular music. This album is the very first Elvis album to feature "I Don't Care If The Sun Don't Shine", which was only previously issued as a single. After more than 20 years, The Sun Sessions marked the song's official debut on LP.
|1.||"That's All Right (Mama)" (from single, 1954)||Arthur Crudup||July 5, 1954||1:57|
|2.||"Blue Moon of Kentucky" (from single, 1954)||Bill Monroe||July 7, 1954||2:04|
|3.||"I Don't Care if the Sun Don't Shine" (from single, 1954)||Mack David||September, 1954||2:28|
|4.||"Good Rockin' Tonight" (from single, 1954)||Roy Brown||September, 1954||2:14|
|5.||"Milk Cow Blues Boogie" (from single, 1955)||Kokomo Arnold||November-December, 1954||2:39|
|6.||"You're a Heartbreaker" (from single, 1955)||Jack Sallee||November-December, 1954||2:12|
|7.||"I'm Left, You're Right, She's Gone" (from single, 1955)||Stan Kesler, William Taylor||February-March 1955||2:37|
|8.||"Baby Let's Play House" (from single, 1955)||Arthur Gunter||February-March 1955||2:17|
|1.||"Mystery Train" (from single, 1955)||Junior Parker, Sam Phillips||July 21, 1955||2:26|
|2.||"I Forgot to Remember to Forget" (from single, 1955)||Stan Kesler, Charlie Feathers||July 21, 1955||2:30|
|3.||"I'll Never Let You Go (Little Darlin')" (RCA 1956)||Jimmy Wakely||September, 1954||2:26|
|4.||"I Love You Because" (RCA 1956, 1st version)||Leon Payne||July 5, 1954||2:33|
|5.||"Tryin' to Get to You" (RCA 1956)||Rose Marie McCoy, Charles Singleton||July 21, 1955||2:33|
|6.||"Blue Moon" (RCA 1956)||Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart||August 19, 1954||2:41|
|7.||"Just Because" (RCA 1956)||Sydney Robin, Bob Shelton, Joe Shelton||September, 1954||2:34|
|8.||"I Love You Because" (RCA 1956; 2nd version)||Leon Payne||July 5, 1954||3:25|
Note: The last six tracks are original Sun recordings, but were not released until 1956 on Presley's first album by RCA. They were never released on Sun.
- Elvis Presley - vocals, acoustic guitar, piano on "Trying to Get to You"
- Scotty Moore - electric guitar
- Bill Black - double bass
- Jimmie Lott - drums on "I'm Left, You're Right, She's Gone" (erroneously attributed to D.J. Fontana)
- Johnny Bernero - drums on "I Forgot to Remember to Forget" and "Trying to Get to You" (erroneously attributed to D.J. Fontana)
|Chart (1976)||Peak position|
|US Billboard 200||76|
|US Country Albums||2|
|UK Albums Chart||16|
- "Elvis began his singing at the honorable Sun Records label in Memphis". Graceland. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 630. ISBN 0195313739.
- Marsh, Dave; Swenson, John, eds. (1983). The New Rolling Stone Record Guide. Random House/Rolling Stone Press. p. 395. ISBN 0394721071.
- Sputnikmusic review
- Christgau, Robert (April 26, 1976). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved September 20, 2015.
- "500 Greatest Albums: The Sun Sessions – Elvis Presley". Rolling Stone. Jann S. Wenner. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Hoye, Jacob, ed. (2007). 100 Greatest Albums. Pocket Books. pp. 56–59. ISBN 978-1-59530-162-8.
- Campbell, Michael (2012). Popular Music in America: The Beat Goes On (4th ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 176. ISBN 0840029764.
- "Elvis Presley: Charts & Awards – Billboard Albums". Allmusic. United States: Rovi Corporation. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- "Chart Archive: Top 40 Official UK Albums Archive – 17th September 1977". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 22, 2011.