|The Smothers Brothers|
Smothers Brothers performing in August 2004
|Written by||Norman Sedawie|
Thomas Smothers |
|Narrated by||Peter Cullen|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||3|
|No. of episodes||72|
|Original release||February 5, 1967 – April 20, 1969|
The Smothers Brothers are Thomas ("Tom" – born February 2, 1937) and Richard ("Dick" – born November 20, 1939), American singers, musicians, and comedians. The brothers' trademark double act was performing folk songs (Tommy on acoustic guitar, Dick on string bass), which usually led to arguments between the siblings. Tommy's signature line was, "Mom always liked you best!" Tommy (the elder of the two) acted "slow", and Dick, the straight man, acted "superior".
In the 1960s, the brothers frequently appeared on television variety shows and issued several popular record albums of their stage performances. Their own television variety show, The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, became one of the most controversial American TV programs of the Vietnam War era. Despite popular success, the brothers' penchant for material that was critical of the political mainstream and sympathetic to the emerging counterculture led to their firing by the CBS network in 1969. One show was left unaired.
The brothers continued to work, both independently and as a team, on stage and television, and in films during subsequent decades.
The brothers were both born on Governors Island in New York Harbor, where their father, Thomas B. Smothers, Jr., a West Point graduate and U.S. Army officer, was stationed. Tom was born on February 2, 1937, and Dick was born on November 20, 1939. Major Smothers served in the 45th Infantry Regiment (United States) and died during World War II, while being transported from a Japanese prisoner of war camp in Fukuoka, Japan, to a POW camp in Mukden, Manchukuo. They were raised by their mother in the Los Angeles area.
They graduated from Redondo Union High School in Redondo Beach, California, and attended San Jose State University. After a brief time in a folk group called the Casual Quintet, the brothers made their first professional appearance as a duo in February 1959 at The Purple Onion in San Francisco. They were a popular act in clubs and released several successful record albums, the most successful being The Smothers Brothers at the Purple Onion in 1961. Their first national television appearance was on The Jack Paar Show on January 28, 1961.
The brothers appeared in a segment of the television series Burke's Law, in 1964, in which they played two compulsive hoarders. Their first television series was a situation comedy, The Smothers Brothers Show (1965–1966). Tom played an angel come back to earth to oversee his brother Dick, who played a swinging bachelor. It did not do well in the ratings and had little of the music that was identified with the brothers. Tom would later say "Four Star (the production company) gave me ulcers."
The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour
The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour started out as only a slightly "hip" version of the typical comedy-variety show of its era, but rapidly evolved into a show that extended the boundaries of what was considered permissible in television satire. While the Smothers themselves were at the forefront of these efforts, credit also goes to the roster of writers and regular performers they brought to the show, including Steve Martin, Don Novello, Rob Reiner, Presidential candidate Pat Paulsen, Bob Einstein, Albert Brooks, and resident hippie Leigh French. The show also introduced audiences to pop singer Jennifer Warnes (originally billed as Jennifer Warren or simply Jennifer), who was a regular on the series. The television premiere of Mason Williams' hit record, "Classical Gas", took place on the show; Williams was also the head writer for the series.
The series showcased new musical artists that other comedy-variety shows rarely gave airtime, due to the nature of their music or their political affiliations. George Harrison, Joan Baez, Buffalo Springfield, Cass Elliot, Harry Belafonte, Cream, Donovan, The Doors, Glen Campbell, Janis Ian, Jefferson Airplane, The Happenings, Peter, Paul and Mary, Spanky and Our Gang, Ringo Starr, Steppenwolf, Simon and Garfunkel, The Hollies, The Who and even Pete Seeger were showcased on the show, despite the advertiser-sensitive nature of their music.
Seeger's appearance was his first appearance on network television since being blacklisted in the 1950s; it became controversial because of his song choice: "Waist Deep in the Big Muddy", an anti-war song that the network considered to be an insult to Lyndon Johnson and his Vietnam War policy. The song was censored on Seeger's first appearance but permitted on a later appearance.
In 1968, the show broadcast in successive weeks "music videos" (not called that at the time) for The Beatles' popular songs "Hey Jude" and "Revolution". Before a rowdy crowd at the Los Angeles Forum, Jimi Hendrix dedicated "I Don't Live Today" to the Smothers Brothers, as heard on The Jimi Hendrix Box Set.
The Who incident
The performance by The Who in 1967 was another defining moment in the series; as the group often did during that period, The Who destroyed their instruments at the conclusion of their performance of "My Generation", with the usual addition of mild explosives for light pyrotechnic effect. The piece would end with guitarist Pete Townshend grabbing Tommy's guitar and smashing it. On the Smothers Brothers show that night a small amount of explosive was put into the small cannon that Keith Moon kept in his bass drum. But it didn't go off during the rehearsal. Unbeknownst to Moon, a stage hand had added another explosive before the taping, and later Moon added another charge so that now there were three explosive charges in the cannon instead of one. When Moon detonated it, the explosion was so intense that a piece of cymbal shrapnel cut into Moon's arm; Moon is heard moaning in pain toward the end of the piece. Townshend, who had been in front of Moon's drums at the time, had his hair singed by the blast; he is seen putting out sparks in his hair before finishing the sketch with a visibly shocked Tommy Smothers. The blast allegedly contributed heavily to Townshend's long-term hearing loss.
Controversies and cancellation
With its focus having evolved toward a more youth-oriented one, the show became both popular and controversial. Three specific targets of satire — racism, the President of the United States, and the Vietnam War— wound up defining the show's content for the remainder of its run, eventually leading to its demise.
The brothers soon found themselves in regular conflict with CBS' network censors. At the start of the 1968/69 season, the network ordered that the Smotherses deliver their shows finished and ready to air ten days before airdate so that the censors could edit the shows as necessary. In the season premiere, CBS deleted the entire segment of Belafonte singing "Lord, Don't Stop the Carnival" against a backdrop of the havoc during the 1968 Democratic National Convention, along with two lines from a satire of their main competitor, Bonanza. As the year progressed, battles over content continued, including a David Steinberg sermon about Moses and the Burning Bush.
With some local stations making their own deletions of controversial skits or comments, the continuing problems over the show reached a boiling point after CBS showed a rerun on March 9, 1969. The network explained the decision by stating that because that week's episode did not arrive in time to be previewed, it would not be shown. In that program, Joan Baez paid tribute to her then-husband, David Harris, who was entering jail after refusing military service, while comedian Jackie Mason made a joke about children "playing doctor." When the show finally did air, two months later, the network allowed Baez to state that her husband was in prison, but edited out the reason.
Despite the conflict, the show was picked up for the 1969-70 season on March 14, seemingly ending the debate over its status. However, network CEO and President William S. Paley abruptly canceled the show on April 4, 1969. The reason given by CBS was the Smotherses' refusal to meet the pre-air delivery dates as specified by the network in order to accommodate review by the censors. This cancellation led the Brothers to file a successful breach of contract suit against the network, although the suit failed to see the brothers or their show returned to the air. Despite this cancellation, the show went on to win the Emmy Award that year for best writing. The saga of the cancellation of the show is the subject of a 2002 documentary film, Smothered.
Highlights from seasons two and three of the show have been released on DVD, but there is no explanation of why anything from season one remains unreleased.
Later career and retirement
The Smothers Brothers had further television shows: a 1968 CBS summer replacement series, The Summer Brothers Smothers Show; The Smothers Brothers Show (1975), initially produced by Joe Hamilton (who concurrently produced The Carol Burnett Show, starring his wife), which was an unsuccessful attempt to recapture the look and feel of the original comedy-variety series without the controversy; and The Tom and Dick Smothers Brothers Specials I and II in 1980.
In 1981, Tom and Dick Smothers played non-brothers in a light TV drama, set in San Francisco, titled Fitz and Bones. Both characters worked at a Bay Area television station; Tom played cameraman Bones Howard and Dick played Ryan Fitzpatrick, an investigative reporter. The show was cancelled after five episodes.
Later, there was The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour (1988–1989). This show began production during a 1988 Writers Guild of America strike as the WGA had agreed to settle with the show's producer and grant the show an exemption from the strike and allow writers to go back to work for the series.
The brothers have worked independently as well; Dick has appeared as an actor in films, including a rare dramatic role as a Nevada state senator in Martin Scorsese's Casino. Tom appeared in the 2005 made-for-television movie Once Upon a Mattress.
They appeared in the documentary The Aristocrats in 2005, and had separate cameos in the 2009 film The Informant!. In December 2009, the duo guest starred in a 21st-season episode of The Simpsons that also featured Cooper, Peyton and Eli Manning.
After more than 51 years of touring, the Smothers Brothers officially announced their retirement from touring during their final performance at the Orleans Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, on Sunday May 16, 2010. The affair was kept low key with some family members and friends in attendance.
In 2003, the brothers were awarded the George Carlin Freedom of Expression Award from the Video Software Dealers’ Association. The award recognizes the brothers' “extraordinary comic gifts and their unfailing support of the First Amendment.” In the same year, they both received Honorary Doctorate Degrees from San Jose State University. The Boston Comedy Festival presented a Lifetime Achievement Award to the brothers in 2008.
In September 2008, during the 60th Primetime Emmy Awards, Tommy Smothers, a lead writer of The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, was belatedly awarded a 1968 Emmy for Outstanding Writing In A Comedic Series. The award was presented to him by Steve Martin, one of the show's original writers. In 1968, Tommy Smothers had refused to let his name be on the list of writers nominated for the Emmy because he felt his name was too controversial, and thus when the writing staff won he was the only member not to receive the award.
The Smothers Brothers were inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 2010.
- 1961: The Smothers Brothers at the Purple Onion
- 1962: The Two Sides of the Smothers Brothers
- 1963: Think Ethnic!
- 1963: Curb Your Tongue, Knave!
- 1964: It Must Have Been Something I Said!
- 1965: Tour de Farce: American History and Other Unrelated Subjects
- 1965: Aesop's Fables
- 1966: Mom Always Liked You Best!
- 1966: The Smothers Brothers Play It Straight
- 1968: Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour
- 1967: Golden Hits of the Smothers Brothers, Vol. 2
- 1988: Sibling Revelry: The Best of the Smothers Brothers
- Dick and Tommy Smothers, "The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour" - "The Best of Season 3", copyright Time-Life DVD. Originally aired on the "E" network.
- Tom Smothers at the Internet Movie Database
- Dick Smothers at the Internet Movie Database
- "The Smothers Brothers Biography". smothersbrothers.com.
- The Smothers Brothers Show (1965) at the Internet Movie Database
- Dangerously Funny: The Uncensored Story of the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, by David Bianculli, Touchstone, 2009.
- Fresh Air with Dave Davies, Nov. 30, 2009
- You Can't Air That: Four Cases of Controversy and Censorship in American Television Programming, by David S. Silverman, Syracuse University Press, 2007.
- O'reilly, Terry. "The Age of Persuasion season 5 "the Sound of Persuasion"". CBC and Pirate Radio Toronto. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Grow, Kory (March 4, 2016). "Flashback: Watch the Who Blow Up 'Smothers Brothers' in Primetime". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
- Bodroghkozy, A. (2001). Groove Tube: Sixties Television and Youth Rebellion. Durham and London: Duke University Press
- Dominick A. Miserandino (2004-02-04). "Tom Smothers Interview". Thecelebritycafe.com. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "The Museum of Broadcast Communications - Encyclopedia of Television".
- Smothered: The Censorship Struggles of the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour at the Internet Movie Database
- The Summer Brothers Smothers Show (1968) at the Internet Movie Database
- The Smothers Brothers Show (1975) at the Internet Movie Database
- "Fitz and Bones". TV.com. 1969-12-31. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour (1988) at the Internet Movie Database
- "STRIKING SCRIPTWRITERS GRANT TWO EXCEPTIONS". Associated Press. April 15, 1988. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- July 22, 2006 interview with Tommy Smothers from Vancouver's comedycouch.com
- Walker, Dave (August 7, 2009). "Add Cooper to Manning brothers' voices on 'The Simpsons'". The Times-Picayune. NOLA.com. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- Steve Friess Contributor (2010-05-18). "Smothers Brothers Retire - and Tom Explains Why". Aolnews.com. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- Leopold, Todd (2008-09-21). "'Mad Men' wins best drama, '30 Rock' best comedy". CNN. Archived from the original on September 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
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