The Assassin (2015 film)
|Mandarin||Cìkè Niè Yǐnniáng|
|Directed by||Hou Hsiao-Hsien|
|Music by||Lim Giong|
|Cinematography||Mark Lee Ping Bin|
|Edited by||Huang Chih-Chia|
|Budget||CN¥90 million (US$14.9 million)|
|Box office||CN¥61.4 million (China)|
The Assassin (Chinese: 刺客聶隱娘; pinyin: Cìkè Niè Yǐnniáng; or: The Assassin Niè Yǐnniáng) is a 2015 martial arts film directed by Taiwanese director Hou Hsiao-Hsien. A Taiwan-China-Hong Kong co-production, it was an official selection in the main competition section at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. At Cannes, Hou won the award for Best Director. It was released in China and Hong Kong on 27 August, and a day later in Taiwan on 28 August 2015. It was selected as the Taiwanese entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 88th Academy Awards but it was not nominated.
The film is set in 8th century China during last years of the Tang Dynasty. The film centers on Nie Yinniang (played by Shu Qi), an assassin who is directed to slay corrupt government officials by her master, Jiaxin, a nun who raised her from the age of ten. When Yinniang displays mercy by failing to kill during her duties, Jiaxin punishes her with a ruthless assignment designed to test Yinniang’s resolve: she is sent to the distant province/circuit of Weibo in northern China to kill its military governor Tian Ji'an — her cousin to whom she had once been betrothed.
- Shu Qi as Nie Yinniang (聶隱娘), the eponymous assassin
- Chang Chen as Tian Ji'an (田季安), cousin to Nie Yinniang, formerly betrothed to her, and military governor (Jiedushi), ruling Weibo Circuit.
- Zhou Yun as Lady Tian, Tian Ji'an's wife (田元氏/精精兒).
- Satoshi Tsumabuki as the mirror polisher (磨鏡少年)
- Ethan Juan as Xia Jing (夏靖), Tian Ji'an's bodyguard
- Hsieh Hsin-Ying as Huji (瑚姬), Tian Ji'an's concubine and a dancer
- Ni Dahong as Nie Feng (聶鋒), Nie Yinniang's father and Tian Ji'an's provost
- Yong Mei as Nie Tian (聶田氏)
- Fang-Yi Sheu as Princess Jiacheng and her twin sister, the princess Jiaxin turned Taoist nun (嘉誠公主/道姑/嘉信公主)
- Lei Zhenyu as Tian Xing (田興)
- Jacques Picoux as Kong Kong
The film received several subsidies from the Taiwanese government: in 2005 of NT$15 million (US$501,000), in 2008 of NT$80 million (US$2.67 million) and in 2010 of NT$20 million (US$668,000). However, over the production, Hou encountered various budget problems; thus more than half of the film's final budget came from China, a first for Hou. As of September 2012, its budget was CN¥90 million (US$14.9 million).
The film was filmed in several places in China, mainly in Hubei province, Inner Mongolia and north-eastern China. Hou recalled that he was "blown away" when he saw "those silver birch forests and lakes: it was like being transported into a Chinese classical painting."
The first press conference of The Assassin since its Cannes premiere was held in Shanghai on June 16, 2015, where Hou and the film's cast discussed their Cannes experience and their upcoming promotional activities for the film.
The film premiered in Beijing on August 23, 2015, ahead of its nationwide release on August 27, 2015. For its American release, the film's distribution rights were acquired by independent distribution company Well Go USA Entertainment on May 11, 2015, and the film was released on October 16, 2015.
The Assassin was released on Blu-ray and DVD in Hong Kong on December 20, 2015. The North American release was January 26, 2016 and included four behind-the-scenes featurettes regarding the film.
The Assassin opened to critical acclaim. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an 80% "Certified Fresh" rating, based on 102 reviews, with an average rating of 7.5/10. The site's consensus states: "The Assassin's thrilling visuals mark a fresh highlight for director Hsiao-hsien Hou, even if its glacial pace may keep some viewers at arm's length." Metacritic reports an 80 out of 100 rating, based on 28 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
New York Times co-chief film critic Manohla Dargis called the film "staggeringly lovely" at Cannes, describing it as having "held the Wednesday-night audience in rapturous silence until the closing credits, when thunderous applause and booming bravos swept through the auditorium like a wave." On Film Business Asia, Derek Elley gave it a 9 out of 10, saying that "Hou Hsiao-hsien's first wuxia masterfully blends the genre's essence and his own style". Deborah Young of The Hollywood Reporter said: "Hou Hsiao-Hsien brings a pure, idiosyncratic vision to the martial arts genre". Variety's chief film critic Justin Chang highly praises the film, saying "The sheer depth of its formal artistry places “The Assassin” in a rather more rarefied realm.... Hou implicitly grasps the expressive power of stillness and reserve, the ways in which silence can build tension and heighten interest. Above all, he never loses sight of the fact that the bodies he moves so fluidly and intuitively through space are human, and remain so even in death. ... Hou Hsiao-hsien proves himself to be not just the creator of this assassin but an unmistakably kindred spirit." Ignatiy Vishnevetsky of The A.V. Club describes the "enigmatic and often mesmerizing" Assassin as "one of the most flat-out beautiful movies of the last decade, and also one of the most puzzling." He states, "Mood is key here...[the film is] all muted and subsumed by a poetic atmosphere that’s radical even by Hou’s standards...It’s a movie most will be intoxicated by, but few will be able to confidently say that they understand—which may be the point, part and parcel with its conception of a world of gestures and values so absolute as to be nearly unknowable."
John Esther of UR Chicago gave the film a more mixed review, saying "the real strength (and strain) of The Assassin is the mise-en-scène by Hou and director of photographer Mark Lee Ping Bing (In the Mood for Love; Renoir)" but criticized the film's glossy depiction of the environment, "The costumes, the people, the woods, the art, and the interiors are relentlessly pretty. Other than human nature, The Assassin suggests there was nothing ugly to witness during this period in time."
Sarah Cronin of the British magazine Electric Sheep writes "The intricacies of the story are bewildering, with the ‘who’ and the ‘why’ only obliquely revealed as the film lingers on. But rather than lending The Assassin an air of intrigue, these mysteries seem pointlessly and frustratingly obtuse, with the most potent symbolism left to be teased out of a broken piece of jade, while not enough is done to bring the characters to life, to make them whole. Hou Hsiao-hsien deliberately avoids giving its audience any of the pleasures of wuxia, but its take on the genre offers little, and feels like a pale shadow of fellow auteur Wong Kar Wai’s Ashes of Time. It looks gorgeous, but there’s a shallowness to its beauty. The Assassin, unfortunately, is more still life than cinema."
Sight & Sound magazine ranked The Assassin as the best film of 2015 based on a poll of 168 critics from around the world. The Online Film Critics Society awarded the film as the best foreign language film of 2015.
|68th Cannes Film Festival||Best Director||Hou Hsiao-hsien||Won|
|Cannes Soundtrack Award||Lim Giong||Won|
|2015 Golden Horse Film Awards||Best Feature Film||The Assassin||Won|
|Best Director||Hou Hsiao-hsien||Won|
|Best Leading Actress||Shu Qi||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Mark Lee Ping Bing||Won|
|Best Makeup & Costume Design||Hwarng Wern-Ying||Won|
|Best Sound Effects||Tu Duu-Chih, Chu Shih-Yi, WU Shu-Yao||Won|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||Acheng, Chu Tien-Wen, Hsieh Hai-Meng||Nominated|
|Best Art Direction||Hwarng Wern-Ying||Nominated|
|Best Action Choreography||Liu Mingzhe||Nominated|
|Original Music Award for Best Film||Lim Giong||Nominated|
|Best Film Editing||Liao Ching-Song||Nominated|
|20th Satellite Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||The Assassin||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Wen-Ying Huang||Won|
|69th British Academy Film Awards||Best Film Not in the English Language||The Assassin||Nominated|
|27th Palms Springs International Film Festival||FIPRESCI Prize for Best Foreign Language Film||The Assassin||Won|
|10th Asian Film Awards||Best Film||The Assassin||Won|
|Best Director||Hou Hsiao-hsien||Won|
|Best actress||Shu Qi||Won|
|Best supporting actress||Zhou Yun||Won|
|Best cinematography||Mark Lee Ping-bing||Won|
|Best original music||Lim Giong||Won|
|Best costume design||Hwarng Wern-ying||Nominated|
|Best production design||Hwarng Wern-ying||Won|
|Best sound||Chu Shih-yi, Tu Duu-chih, Wu Shu-yao||Won|
- List of submissions to the 88th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Taiwanese submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
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- Altenburger, Roland (2009). "2.1 Social Policing and Gender Reversal: The Assassin Nie Yinniang". The Sword or the Needle: The Female Knight-errant (xia) in Traditional Chinese Narrative. Worlds of East Asia. 15. Peter Lang. p. 57. ISBN 978-3-0343-0036-0.
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- Stephen Cremin (20 March 2013). "Taiwan cinema: north or south?". Film Business Asia. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
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- "The Assassin is as beautiful and transfixing as it is enigmatic". www.avclub.com. Retrieved 2015-11-17.
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- Official website (Chinese)
- Well Go USA official site
- The Assassin at the Internet Movie Database
- The Assassin at AllMovie
- The Assassin at Box Office Mojo
- The Assassin at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Assassin at Metacritic