Tengku Afzan

Tengku Hajjah Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad was the former Tengku Ampuan or Queen of Pahang. She also served as Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia between 26 April 1979 and 25 April 1984.

Early life

Born on 4 December 1935 in Kuala Terengganu, she is the fourth child of HRH Tengku Muhammad ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Al-Mu’adzam Shah and HRH Tengku Hajah Mandak binti Tengku Mustafa, and the granddaughter of HRH Almarhum Sultan Ahmad Shah, the first Sultan of Pahang.

Her father, the son of Sultan Ahmad of Pahang, served as Chief Minister of Terengganu before returning to Pahang to hold the same post.

Tengku Hajah Afzan received her early education at the Malay Girls’ School in Pekan. She also received private tuition in English.

Marriage and Becoming Queen

On 22 April 1955, at the age of 20, she married Ahmad Shah, Crown Prince of Pahang, at Kuala Lipis and became the Tengku Ampuan of Pahang. She gave birth to seven children, two boys and five girls, and they are Meriam, Muhaini, Aishah, Tengku Abdullah, Crown Prince of Pahang, Abdul Rahman, Fatimah and Shahariah.

In 1974, when Ahmad Shah ascended to the throne of Pahang, she became his queen consort (Tengku Ampuan). She was Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia (queen consort of the elected leader) between 1979 and 1984.


Tengku Afzan died of cancer on 29 June 1988. She was laid to rest at the Pahang Royal Mausoleum near Abu Bakar Royal Mosque in Pekan, Pahang.


She has been awarded :[1]

Honours of Pahang

National and Sultanal Honour

Foreign Honour

See also


  1. The Royal Ark, Pahang genealogical details, p.10
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tengku Zainab
(Raja Perempuan of Kelantan)
Raja Permaisuri Agong
(Queen of Malaysia)
Succeeded by
Tengku Zanariah
(Sultanah of Johor)
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