Taxation in Bangladesh
|An aspect of fiscal policy|
In Bangladesh, the principal taxes are Customs Duties, Value-Added-Tax (VAT), Supplementary Duty and personal income taxes and corporate income taxes. The standard rate of VAT is 15% levied on transaction value of most of the imports and supplies of goods and services. The top income tax rate for individuals is 30% . For the 2014/15 tax year (July 1, 2014–June 30, 2015) the top corporate rate was 45%. However, publicly traded companies registered in Bangladesh are charged a lower rate of 27.5%. Banks, financial institutions and insurance companies are charged the 45% rate. All other companies are taxed at the 37.5% rate. Effective 1 July 2011.
National Board of Revenue
The National Board of Revenue (NBR) is the central authority for tax administration in Bangladesh. Administratively, it is under the Internal Resources Division (IRD) of the Ministry of Finance (MoF). MoF has 4 Divisions, namely, the Finance Division the Internal Resources Division (IRD), the Banking Division and the Economic Relations Division (ERD). Each division is headed by a Secretary to the Government. Secretary, IRD is the ex-officeo Chairman of NBR. NBR is responsible for formulation and continuous re-appraisal of tax-policies and tax-laws in Bangladesh.
Negotiating tax treaties with foreign governments and participating in inter-ministerial deliberations on economic issues having a bearing on fiscal policies and tax administration are also NBR's responsibilities. The main responsibility of NBR is to mobilize domestic resources through collection of import duties and taxes, VAT and income tax for the government. Side by side with collection of taxes, facilitation of international trade through quick clearance of import and export cargoes has also emerged as a key role of NBR. Other responsibilities include administration of matters related to taxes, duties and other revenue related fees/charges and prevention of smuggling. Under the overall control of IRD, NBR administers the excise, VAT, customs and income-tax services consisting of 3434 officers of various grades and 10195 supporting staff positions.