Tambov Oblast

Tambov Oblast
Тамбовская область (Russian)


Coat of arms
Anthem: Slavic Woman's Farewell[1]
Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°34′E / 52.717°N 41.567°E / 52.717; 41.567Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°34′E / 52.717°N 41.567°E / 52.717; 41.567
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Central[2]
Economic region Central Black Earth[3]
Established September 27, 1937[4]
Administrative center Tambov
Government (as of September 2014)
  Head of Administration[5] Oleg Betin[6]
  Legislature Oblast Duma[7]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[8]
  Total 34,300 km2 (13,200 sq mi)
Area rank 63rd
Population (2010 Census)[9]
  Total 1,091,994
  Rank 48th
  Density[10] 31.84/km2 (82.5/sq mi)
  Urban 58.7%
  Rural 41.3%
Population (January 2014 est.)
  Total 1,068,934[11]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+03:00)[12]
ISO 3166-2 RU-TAM
License plates 68
Official languages Russian[13]
Official website

Tambov Oblast (Russian: Тамбо́вская о́бласть, Tambovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Tambov. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,091,994.[9]


Tambov Oblast is situated in forest steppe. It borders on the Ryazan, Penza, Saratov, Voronezh and Lipetsk Oblasts.


The oldest known population of the Tambov region, the Mordovians-Moksha, formed as a nation of local ethnic groups from the 6th century BCE. The first Russian settlers arrived in the pre-Mongol period, but the final settlement occurred in the 17th century. To protect the southern borders of Russia from the raids of the Tatars and the further development of the Black Soil region, the Russian government built the walled cities of Kozlov (1635) and Tambov (1636). The cities protected the main path of nomad raids on Russian land and paved the way for a quick settlement of the region.

Kozlovsky Uyezd originally existed in the Tambov area. In the course of the administrative reforms of Peter the Great in 1708 and 1719, it became part of Azov Governorate. New administrative divisions established the Tambov Viceroyalty in 1779 and from 1796 Tambov Governorate, with an area of 66.5 thousand km2 divided into 12 uyezds. With almost no change to its boundaries, the Governorate remained in existence until 1928.

An attempt to establish Soviet control over the Tambov area led to the defeat and execution of "Red Sonya" (Sofia Nukhimovna Gel'berg) in the spring of 1918.[14]

During the Russian Civil War an anti-Bolshevik uprising, the Tambov Rebellion, broke out in Tambov Governorate in 1920–1921.

Tambov Oblast was finally created from the Voronezh and Samara Oblasts on September 27, 1937. The oblast attained its present form after the separation of Penza Oblast (formerly part of Kuybyshev before joining Tambov) on February 4, 1939.

Administrative divisions


Population: 1,091,994(2010 Census);[9] 1,178,443(2002 Census);[15] 1,320,763(1989 Census).[16]

Total fertility rate[18]
Ethnic composition (2010)[9]


Religion in Tambov Oblast (2012)[20][21]

  Russian Orthodox (78.4%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (1%)
  Atheist (10%)
  Spiritual but not religious (7%)
  Other or undeclared (3.6%)

According to a 2012 official survey,[20] 78.4% of the population of Tambov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, making it the federal subject with the highest percentage of this religion in the whole country. In addition, 1% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 7% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 10% is atheist, and 3.6% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[20]


Southeastern Railway passes through Michurinsk and connects the central regions with the southern regions. Breeding cattle, sheep, pig, and chicken is a product of animal husbandry.

See also



  1. Law #27-Z
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 2
  5. Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 66
  6. Official website of Tambov Oblast. Oleg Ivanovich Betin, Head of Administration of Tambov Oblast (Russian)
  7. Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 49
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  10. The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  11. Tambov Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2014 г. и в среднем за 2013 г. и компоненты её изменения (человек) (Russian)
  12. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  13. Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. Сенников, Б. В. (2004). Румянцев, Вячеслав, ed. Тамбовское восстание 1918-1921 гг. и раскрестьянивание России 1929-1933 гг. [The Tambov rebellion of 1918-1921 and de-peasantisation of Russia 1929-1933]. Румянцевский музей. Библиотечка россиеведения (in Russian). Moscow: Посев. ISBN 5-85824-152-2. Retrieved 2014-02-09. Гельберг С.Н. ("Красная Соня") (?-1918). Акушерка. Командир летучего отряда Красной гвардии, действовавшего на территории Тамбовской губернии весной 1918 г., в задачу которого входило насаждение советской власти. Отряд "Красной Сони" отличался жестокостью, его появление сопровождалось многочисленными грабежами населения. Отряд был разбит крестьянами. Сама "Красная Соня" была казнена по приговору нескольких волостей губернии.
  15. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  16. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  17. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  18. http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  19. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  20. 1 2 3 Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  21. 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.


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