Taman (Russian: Тамань) is a rural locality (a stanitsa) in Temryuksky District of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the coast of the Taman Bay. Population: 10,027 (2010 Census); 9,297 (2002 Census).
Taman occupies the site of the ancient cities of Hermonassa and Tmutarakan. From the end of the 15th century until 1783, this was a site of a Turkish fortress. Before the annexation it was a sanjak subordinate to the elayet of Kaffa.
The modern stanitsa was founded by the Zaporozhian Cossacks under Anton Golovaty on August 25, 1792 as the latter's residence and the first garrison of the Black Sea Cossack Host. Until 1849, Taman was officially considered to be a town, even though it had no local government of its own and was governed from the nearby stanitsa of Akhtanizovskaya. In 1849, Taman was re-organized as a stanitsa and established local government of its own.
In August 2008, then-Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a government resolution authorizing the development of a major international cargo port several kilometers south of Taman. Currently, a fertilizer terminal is under construction there to link with the ammonia pipeline to Odessa owned by TogliattiAzot.
On August 2013 Transport Minister Maxim Sokolov said that the Port of Taman will open in 2019 to handle dry cargoes, such as grain and coal. He also added that federal spending will amount to $2.3 billion, while private investors are expected to contribute the remaining 152 billion rubles.
Russia annexed Crimea in early 2014, taking direct control of its ports. As a result, Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev announced in May 2014, the Russian government has indefinitely suspended its plans to construct a port in Taman due to lack of need.
Principal sights of Taman include:
- The ruins of Hermonassa and Tmutarakan.
- A Turkish condensate pump dating from the 15th century.
- An archeological museum imitating the Roman domus.
- The memorial house of Mikhail Lermontov. The fourth part of his novel A Hero of Our Time is set in Taman.
- A small wine-making museum.
- A museum devoted to the history of Kuban Cossackdom.
- An Orthodox church built by the first Cossack settlers in 1793. This is the oldest Russian Orthodox church in the Kuban region.
- Amandus Adamson's monument to the first Cossack settlers of the region (1911).
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- The Moscow Times
- Россия после аннексии Крыма передумала строить порт Тамань (in Russian). Glavcom. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.