Taihu County (Chinese: 太湖县; Pinyin: Tàihú Xiàn) is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China under the jurisdiction of Anqing City. It has a population of 560,000 and an area of 2,031 km2 (784 sq mi). The seat of government is located in Jingxi Town.
Taihu is noted for its "Huating Lake" with its mountains and scenic waters. The lake was originally built for flood control and power generation with a dam constructed in the 1960s. Although it was formerly blamed for destroying large areas of farm land, it has evolved into a popular tourism location.
Taihu County has jurisdiction over 10 towns and 5 townships.
- Jinxi, Taihu County (晋熙镇), Xuqiao (徐桥镇), Xiaochi (小池镇), Xincang (新仓镇), Siqian (寺前镇), Tianhua (天华镇), Niuzhen (牛镇镇), Mituo (弥陀镇), Beizhong (北中镇), Baili (百里镇)
- Chengxi Township (城西乡), Jiangtang Township (江塘乡), Dashi Township (大石乡), Yangquan Township (汤泉乡), Liufan Township (刘畈乡)