Sven Fischer

This article is about the German biathlete. For the German footballer, see Sven Fischer (footballer).
Sven Fischer

Fischer in Oberhof, Germany, in 2003.
Personal information
Full name Sven Fischer
Born (1971-04-16) 16 April 1971
Schmalkalden, Thuringia, East Germany
Height 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
Professional information
Sport Biathlon
Club WSV Oberhof 05
Retired 18 March 2007
Olympic Games
Teams 4 (1994, 1998, 2002, 2006)
Medals 8 (4 gold)
World Championships
Teams 14 (1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007)
Medals 20 (7 gold)
World Cup
Seasons 16 (1991/92–2006/07)
Individual victories 33
Individual podiums 90
Overall titles 2 (1996–97, 1998–99)
Discipline titles 8:
4 Sprint (1992–93, 1993–94, 1998–99, 2001–02);
2 Pursuit (1997–98, 2004–05);
2 Mass start (1998–99, 2000–01)

Sven Fischer (born 16 April 1971) is a former German biathlete. He trained with the WSV Oberhof 05 club, and was coached by Frank Ullrich and Fritz Fischer (national coaches) and Klaus Siebert (club coach). After the 2006/07 biathlon season, he retired.[1]


Fischer, who stands at 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) and weighs 85 kg (187 lb), was born in Schmalkalden, Thuringia (former East Germany). His apparent talents for athletics was discovered early and already in third grade he was training three times a week in the BSG Werkzeugkombinat sports club. In the fifth grade, he became district champion of his age class.

In September 1983, the boarding school Kinder- und Jugendsportschule (KJS) accepted him on a biathlon youth scholarship. After his exam in 1989, he joined the army studying to become a sports teacher. The German reunification and the fall of the Berlin wall and subsequent unification of the East and West German armies, forced him to leave the military in 1990.

He instead started training for international sport events, but in 1989, when Fischer was eighteen, he had problems with both his kneecaps after a growth spurt as a youth: "I grew too fast and didn't stretch well." As a result he sat out the whole of the 1989 season and thought he might have to retire from the sport at his young age. However, in the 1990 season when he came back he found that he had become more powerful than before his injury, and in December 1990, he celebrated his first European cup victory in sprint in Hochfilzen. One week later he participated in his first world cup relay. He was soon rewarded B–status and because of success in the German Championship in 1992 he qualified for the world cup in Pokljuka in December 1992.

In 1993, he won a World Championship gold medal in the 10 km Team in Borovets, Bulgaria, and a world cup race, in sprint, in Kontiolahti, Finland. In 1994, he won the Olympic bronze medal in the 20 km individual.

Fischer was an integral part of the German biathlon team until his retirement.

Fischer has eight biathlon victories at the Holmenkollen ski festival, three in individual (1995, 1999, 2004), two in sprint (1995, 1999), two in pursuit (2002, 2004), and one in mass start (2001).


Fischer won the World Cup overall on two occasions (1996/97 and 1998/99), he's also come second twice (1993/94 and 2004/05), and third three times (1995/96, 1997/98, and 1999/2000). In the 2004/05 season Fischer lost the World Cup by only eleven points, which he most probably would have earned had he competed in the final race of the year, but he missed it because of a cold.

In the Olympics, Fischer won four gold medals, one of them in the sprint in 2006 Winter Olympics, and the other three in the relay (1994, 1998, and 2006). He also won two silver, and two bronze.

In the World Championships, Fischer amassed seven gold medals, six silver, and seven bronze. Four of his gold medals were won in relays, one in the team event, one in the individual, and one in the mass start. In the sprint he has one of his silver medals (Hochfilzen 2005). He has three bronze from the pursuit (Kontiolahti 1999, Pokljuka 2001, and Hochfilzen 2005). In the mass start he has one gold (Oslo Holmenkollen 1999), two silver (Khanty-Mansiysk 2003 and Hochfilzen 2005), and one bronze (Pokljuka 2001). His remaining silver and two bronze came in the relay (silver in Ruhpolding 1996, bronzes in Borovets 1993 and Lahti 2000).

Biathlon results

All results are sourced from the International Biathlon Union.[2]

Olympic Games

8 medals (4 gold, 2 silver, 2 bronze)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass start Relay
Norway 1994 Lillehammer Bronze 7th N/A N/A Gold
Japan 1998 Nagano 16th 29th N/A N/A Gold
United States 2002 Salt Lake City 29th Silver 12th N/A Silver
Italy 2006 Turin 17th Gold Bronze 17th Gold
*Pursuit was added as an event in 2002, with mass start being added in 2006.

World Championships

20 medals (7 gold, 6 silver, 7 bronze)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass start Team Relay Mixed relay
Bulgaria 1993 Borovets DNS 20th N/A N/A Gold Bronze N/A
Italy 1995 Antholz-Anterselva DNS 26th N/A N/A 14th Gold N/A
Germany 1996 Ruhpolding 22nd 19th N/A N/A 6th Silver N/A
Slovakia 1997 Brezno-Osrblie 5th 24th 23rd N/A Gold N/A
Slovenia 1998 Pokljuka N/A N/A 4th N/A Silver N/A N/A
Finland 1999 Kontiolahti Gold 7th Bronze Gold N/A 4th N/A
Norway 2000 Oslo Holmenkollen 19th 40th 13th 13th N/A Bronze N/A
Slovenia 2001 Pokljuka 11th 5th Bronze Bronze N/A 12th N/A
Norway 2002 Oslo Holmenkollen N/A N/A N/A Silver N/A N/A N/A
Russia 2003 Khanty-Mansiysk 22nd 12th 11th Silver N/A Gold N/A
Germany 2004 Oberhof 16th 8th 23rd 11th N/A Gold N/A
Austria 2005 Hochfilzen 4th Silver Bronze Silver N/A 6th
Slovenia 2006 Pokljuka N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10th
Italy 2007 Antholz-Anterselva 20th 43rd 17th 5th N/A Bronze
*During Olympic seasons competitions are only held for those events not included in the Olympic program.
**Team was removed as an event in 1998, and pursuit was added in 1997 with mass start being added in 1999 and the mixed relay in 2005.

Individual victories

33 victories (6 In, 13 Sp, 10 Pu, 4 MS)

Season Date Location Discipline Level
1 victory
(1 Sp)
20 March 1993 Finland Kontiolahti10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
2 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp)
20 January 1994 Italy Antholz-Anterselva20 km individualBiathlon World Cup
12 March 1994 Canada Hinton10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
2 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp)
14 December 1995 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen20 km individualBiathlon World Cup
16 December 1995 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
3 victories
(2 Sp, 1 Pu)
30 November 1996 Norway Lillehammer10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
1 December 1996 Norway Lillehammer12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
8 March 1997 Japan Nagano10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
1 victory
(1 Pu)
20 December 1997 Finland Kontiolahti12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
6 victories
(1 In, 3 Sp, 1 Pu, 1 MS)
19 December 1998 Slovakia Brezno-Osrblie10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
20 December 1998 Slovakia Brezno-Osrblie12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
26 February 1999 United States Lake Placid10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
11 March 1999 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen20 km individualBiathlon World Championships
12 March 1999 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
13 March 1999 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen15 km mass startBiathlon World Championships
2 victories
(2 Pu)
12 March 2000 Finland Lahti12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
18 March 2000 Russia Khanty-Mansiysk12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
2 victories
(2 MS)
7 January 2001 Germany Oberhof15 km mass startBiathlon World Cup
18 March 2001 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen15 km mass startBiathlon World Cup
3 victories
(1 Sp, 2 Pu)
20 January 2002 Germany Ruhpolding12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
9 March 2002 Sweden Östersund10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
23 March 2002 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
1 victory
(1 Sp)
20 February 2003 Sweden Östersund10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
2 victories
(1 In, 1 MS)
22 January 2004 Italy Antholz-Anterselva20 km individualBiathlon World Cup
6 March 2004 United States Fort Kent15 km mass startBiathlon World Cup
5 victories
(1 In, 2 Sp, 2 Pu)
4 December 2004 Norway Beitostølen12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
9 December 2004 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen20 km individualBiathlon World Cup
12 December 2004 Norway Oslo Holmenkollen12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
7 January 2005 Germany Oberhof10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
16 March 2005 Russia Khanty-Mansiysk10 km sprintBiathlon World Cup
3 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp, 1 Pu)
15 December 2005 Slovakia Brezno-Osrblie20 km individualBiathlon World Cup
18 December 2005 Slovakia Brezno-Osrblie12.5 km pursuitBiathlon World Cup
14 February 2006 Italy Turin10 km sprintWinter Olympic Games
*Results are from UIPMB and IBU races which include the Biathlon World Cup, Biathlon World Championships and the Winter Olympic Games.


  1. Schwarzbach, Stefan (2007-05-07). "The end of an exceptional career: Sven Fischer retires". International Biathlon Union.
  2. "Sven Fischer". IBU Datacenter. International Biathlon Union. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
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